Navigation Links
Gene plays dual role in breast cancers with poor prognosis

A new study reveals that the metadherin gene (MTDH) plays a role in both cancer metastasis and resistance to chemotherapy. The research, published by Cell Press in the January 6th issue of the journal Cancer Cell, identifies MTDH as a promising therapeutic target for high risk breast cancers.

"Most breast cancer patients resist currently available therapeutic regimens and succumb to recurrent tumors that spread to distant vital organs, such as lung, bone, liver and brain," explains senior study author, Dr. Yibin Kang from the Department of Molecular Biology at Princeton University. "Resistance to chemotherapy and metastasis remain major challenges to curative therapy."

Previous research identified several clinically applicable genetic signatures associated with poor clinical outcomes of breast cancer. However, the signatures differed between independent studies, making it difficult to identify overlapping, functionally relevant genes that might be useful for understanding, and eventually preventing, breast cancer metastasis and chemoresistance.

To further unravel the complex genetic events involved in breast cancer, Dr. Kang and colleagues developed a sophisticated computational algorithm designed to identify genomic changes in an extensive collection of breast tumor samples. The researchers discovered abnormally high copy numbers of chromosomal region 8q22 in more than 30% of breast cancers examined. Patients having this type of breast cancer often had a shorter survival time due to recurrent and metastatic cancers.

The researchers went on to find that among a handful of genes in the 8q22 region, MTDH was responsible for both increased metastasis and increased resistance to chemotherapeutics. MTDH protein increased metastasis of breast cancers to distant organs by enhancing the binding of cancer cells to blood vessels in these organs. In addition, MTDH protein promoted cell survival, allowing cancer cells to become more resistant to a wide variety of chemotherapeutic agents that are currently used to treat breast cancer. Further, when the researchers genetically altered the cancer cells to reduce expression of MTDH, the tumor cells became less capable of metastasis and more likely to be eliminated by chemotherapeutic agents.

"These findings establish MTDH as an important therapeutic target for simultaneously enhancing chemotherapy efficacy and reducing metastasis risk," concludes Dr. Kang. "Molecular targeting of MTDH may not only prevent the seeding of breast cancer cells to the lung and other vital organs but also sensitize tumor cells to chemotherapy, thereby stopping the deadly spread of breast cancer."


Contact: Cathleen Genova
Cell Press

Related medicine news :

1. Laboratory at UI plays major role in diagnosing cancer
2. Environment plays key role in childrens readiness for school
3. Gene Plays Role in Risk of Autism
4. Heart-Shaped Light Displays on Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Building Show Support for American Heart Month, National Wear Red Day
5. Study Spots Gene That Plays Role in Infertility
6. One Million PLAYSTATION(R)3 Users Participate in Folding@home Research Project
7. Gene plays Jekyll and Hyde in brain cancer
8. Gene Plays Jekyll-and-Hyde Role in Deadly Brain Cancer
9. Scientists solve structure of gene regulator that plays key role in cancer
10. Rare Gene Mutation Plays Role in Longevity
11. Price Plays Part in Perceived Power of Medication
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Jobs in hospital medical laboratories and in ... by healthcare staffing agency Aureus Medical Group . These fields, as ... among those searching for healthcare jobs through the company’s website, , ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Mass. (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... thorough second medical opinion process, participated in the 61st annual Employee Benefits Conference. ... Plans and took place Sunday, November 8th through Wednesday, November 11th, 2015. The ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , ... November 26, 2015 ... ... platform for mental health and wellness consultation, has collaborated with Women’s Web ... address their reader’s queries on topics on mental and emotional well-being relationship, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... OAK BROOK, Ill. (PRWEB) , ... November 25, ... ... sometimes larger and potentially more aggressive than those found on mammography, according to ... cases MRI findings of additional cancers not seen on mammography may necessitate a ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... The holiday season ... and pleasing the palates of attendees is of the utmost importance. Whether you ... seasonal get-together, give these recipes a try this holiday season. , Turkey Croquettes ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 ... of the  "2016 Future Horizons and ... Drug Monitoring (TDM) Market: Supplier Shares, ... Opportunities"  report to their offering.  ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ... European Cell Surface Marker Testing Market: ...  report to their offering.  --> ... addition of the  "2016 Future Horizons ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... WOODBURY, N.Y. , Nov. 25, 2015  Linden ... access and optimizing treatment outcomes for patients suffering from ... its request for a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) enjoining ... between the two companies. --> ... aggressively pursuing all of its legal options. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: