Navigation Links
Gene linked to preterm birth among Hispanic women
Date:2/2/2008

Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that the gene ENPP1 is linked to preterm birth and low birth weight among Hispanic women.

Errol Norwitz, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale, will present preliminary results from this research at the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine Annual Meeting on February 2 in Dallas, Texas.

One out of eight babies in the United States is born prematurelydelivery prior to 37 weeks gestation. These babies dont fare as well as their full-term counterparts, especially if they are born prior to 28 weeks gestation. In many cases, it is still unclear why preterm births occur, but Norwitz said that both the genetic make-up of the mother and the genetic make-up of the baby play a role.

Norwitz and his collaborators sought to understand the mechanisms responsible for the onset of labor at term and how these mechanisms are either overwhelmed or short-circuited, leading to preterm birth. Some women, especially African-American women, are genetically pre-disposed to preterm births, even after taking into account socioeconomic status, demographics, underlying medical conditions and multiple pregnancies. Norwitz said that multiple genes or a single particular genetic variantsingle nucleotide polymorphismmay be involved.

In his study, Norwitz and colleagues tried to tease out some of the genetic factors that are important for preterm birth. They isolated DNA in blood samples from a largely Hispanic population of mothers with a history of preterm birth and compared them to the DNA of women who had only had full-term pregnancies. They then screened the DNA for 128 different genetic variations in 77 candidate genes. While these genetic variants have been known to cause clinical disorders, no one had ever investigated them in the context of preterm birth before.

Four polymorphisms were associated with premature birth, butto the teams surprisea variant of the ENPP1 gene was the one most closely linked. ENPP1 has been associated with insulin resistance, glucose intolerance and a risk of developing type-2 diabetes. In certain people, it is associated with hardening of the arteries and high blood pressure. In the context of prematurity, say the researchers, it is possible that the variant form of ENPP1 is associated with deranged energy metabolism.

In our original study, 85 percent of the population was Hispanic, said Norwitz. It appears that there are genetic variations unique to each ethnic population. We are now in the process of validating our findings in African-American, Caucasian and Native-American populations.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Pot bellies linked to early signs of cardiovascular disease
2. Diet high in meat, fat and refined grains linked to risk for colon cancer recurrence, death
3. Immune deficiency linked to a type of eye cancer
4. Drop in breast cancer incidence linked to hormone use, not mammograms
5. Clinical depression linked to abnormal emotional brain circuits
6. Air pollution linked to cardiovascular risk indices in healthy young adults
7. High pollution linked to poor lung function growth in children in Mexico City
8. Early Weight Loss in Women Linked to Dementia
9. Vitamin Es lack of heart benefit linked to dosage
10. Sugary Sodas High in Diabetes-Linked Compound
11. RA Drugs Linked to Slight Skin Cancer Risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Gene linked to preterm birth among Hispanic women
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... selected to renovate and improve the Ramsey County Medical Examiners Facility located in ... Hospital, the $2.5 million project is scheduled to start in late 2017/early 2018. ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Bernard R. Bach, Jr., MD, orthopaedic surgeon at Rush ... Society of Sports Medicine (AOSSM) , received the 2017 Robert E. Leach Sports Medicine ... Canada. This prestigious award is given annually to honor those who have made a ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... 4th-year medical students improve their chances of acceptance to a residency in a ... who have earned degrees outside the U.S. , According to data released by ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA (PRWEB) , ... July 21, ... ... with over 80% follow-up at 10 years, researchers from the Multicenter Orthopaedics Outcome ... knee-related quality of life a decade after surgery, though activity levels decline over ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 20, 2017 , ... ChenMed ... MD, has joined JenCare Senior Medical Center as Richmond Chief Medical Officer. ... School of Medicine, and Associate Chief Medical Officer of Ambulatory Services for the UVA ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/13/2017)... 2017  New York City-based market research firm Kalorama Information ... aware of.  From new products to new costs, to the ... recently completed study, Potential Pipeline Disruptors . ... 1.  Age-Driven Growth - True Impact Moment Arriving ... the impact the growing population and, to a more extreme ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... , July 11, 2017  The global market ... revenues of approximately $394.1 million in 2016.  Although in ... of solid growth, in particular as a result of ... practice, and the recent introduction of a significant number ... for less-invasive testing of tumor biomarkers to guide treatment ...
(Date:7/10/2017)... Md. , July 10, 2017 The ... non-animal test methods, is the recipient of a VITROCELL® ... the PETA International Science Consortium. The device, which is ... used to expose human lung cells to airborne test ... IIVS will use the VITROCELL® system for testing combustible ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: