Navigation Links
Gender disparity in community-acquired pneumonia
Date:5/18/2008

ATS 2008, TORONTOWhen men present in emergency departments with pneumonia, they are likely to be sicker than women and have a greater risk of dying over the next year, despite the more aggressive medical care they receive, according to research from the University of Pittsburgh that will be presented at the American Thoracic Societys 2008 International Conference in Toronto on Tuesday, May 20. Even when social and environmental factors such as age, race, insurance, smoking and other illnesses are taken into account, the disparity remains.

The study examined 1,136 men and 1,047 women recruited in the emergency rooms of 28 U.S. hospitals. On average, women had longer pre-hospital duration of symptoms and more had already received antibiotics. Men, on the other hand, presented with more co-morbidities and had worse vital signs. Once hospitalized, men more often received antibiotics within eight hours and were twice as likely to be admitted to the ICU.

The gender disparity on aggressiveness of hospital care is appropriate, given the fact that men tended to be significantly sicker than women, said Michael Reade, D.Phil., who lead the study. But it is nevertheless insufficient to offset mens higher risk of death within the following year.

The results suggest a number of biological possibilities. The social factors we examined were not sufficient to explain the differences we observed, continued Dr. Reade. This leads us to suggest that there may be differences in genetic or inflammatory factors between men and women. We plan on investigating the precise factors, and determining whether there is a specific immunomodulator unique to females that could be used as a treatment for severe infection.

Until that factor is identified, however, there are immediate implications to the study. Hospital and family practitioners may wish to modify their approach to men with community-acquired pneumonia in light of the demonstrated higher risk of death these men face, said Dr. Reade.

Because the findings were based on a multi-center prospective cohort, and were controlled for a series of potentially confounding factors, they provide the strongest evidence to date of a biological basis for the differences in infection and survival between the sexes, concluded Dr. Reade


'/>"/>

Contact: Keely Savoie
ksavoie@thoracic.org
212-315-8620
American Thoracic Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Research says doctors gender may hinder early diagnosis of heart disease in women
2. PA Health Department Survey Shows Impact of Income, Gender, Other Factors on Health and Access to Health Care
3. Survey shows gender differences are factor when surgeons in training choose a subspecialty
4. Race, Gender Affect Laryngeal Cancer Survival
5. Climate change, gender differences, health among EurekAlert! 10 Most Popular Stories in 2007
6. Fungus Sheds Light on Development of Human Genders
7. Iowa State University researchers work on gender, temperature link in reptiles published in Nature
8. QED International Associates Announces Changes to the HealthShares(TM) GI/Gender Health Index
9. Gender differences in language appear biological
10. Gender Bias at Play in Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis
11. Gender bias may affect care of people with osteoarthritis, study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/17/2017)... Tampa, Fla (PRWEB) , ... January 17, 2017 , ... ... IT Excellence Award for Innovation of the Year. , Each year, Pink ... has taken an innovative approach to address a specific business problem or opportunity. The ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... Mirror Mirror Beauty Boutique, Houston’s premiere ... Diamond Level in Zeltiq’s Crystal Rewards Program. Practice founder, Paul Vitenas, MD FACS, is ... of providers. , Produced by Zeltiq, CoolSculpting is approved by the Food and ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 17, 2017 , ... ... today announced its partnership with Sigfox in the U.S.A. to offer ... nationwide including new offerings on large-scale environmental sensor deployments such as monitoring ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... , ... January 17, 2017 , ... ... visualize, detect, and eliminate cyber threats in real-time, today announced a strategic partnership ... headquartered in Selangor, Malaysia. Joining other Seceon partners, TechLab Security has become a ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... Today, FloSports , a global leader ... new agreement as part of a long-term extension of their media partnership. The partnership, ... of some of the sport’s premier events exclusively on FloWrestling.com as well as usage ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/17/2017)... Jan 17, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Market 2016-2020" report to their offering. ... The global artificial pancreas devices system ... 2016-2020. Global Artificial Pancreas Devices System Market 2016-2020, has ... industry experts. The report covers the market landscape and its growth ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... 17, 2017 The interventional radiology products market ... from USD 6.35 billion in 2016, at a CAGR ... of this market are rising incidence of chronic diseases, ... surgeries. The global interventional radiology products market ... On the basis of type, the stents segment is ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... Management to Discuss Acquisition of Oncology ... On Track For An NDA Submission to ...   ... KTOV ; TASE: KTOV), an innovative biopharmaceutical company, announced that it will ... Eastern Time to discuss the recent acquisition of a majority stake in TyrNovo, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: