Navigation Links
Gender disparity in community-acquired pneumonia
Date:5/18/2008

ATS 2008, TORONTOWhen men present in emergency departments with pneumonia, they are likely to be sicker than women and have a greater risk of dying over the next year, despite the more aggressive medical care they receive, according to research from the University of Pittsburgh that will be presented at the American Thoracic Societys 2008 International Conference in Toronto on Tuesday, May 20. Even when social and environmental factors such as age, race, insurance, smoking and other illnesses are taken into account, the disparity remains.

The study examined 1,136 men and 1,047 women recruited in the emergency rooms of 28 U.S. hospitals. On average, women had longer pre-hospital duration of symptoms and more had already received antibiotics. Men, on the other hand, presented with more co-morbidities and had worse vital signs. Once hospitalized, men more often received antibiotics within eight hours and were twice as likely to be admitted to the ICU.

The gender disparity on aggressiveness of hospital care is appropriate, given the fact that men tended to be significantly sicker than women, said Michael Reade, D.Phil., who lead the study. But it is nevertheless insufficient to offset mens higher risk of death within the following year.

The results suggest a number of biological possibilities. The social factors we examined were not sufficient to explain the differences we observed, continued Dr. Reade. This leads us to suggest that there may be differences in genetic or inflammatory factors between men and women. We plan on investigating the precise factors, and determining whether there is a specific immunomodulator unique to females that could be used as a treatment for severe infection.

Until that factor is identified, however, there are immediate implications to the study. Hospital and family practitioners may wish to modify their approach to men with community-acquired pneumonia in light of the demonstrated higher risk of death these men face, said Dr. Reade.

Because the findings were based on a multi-center prospective cohort, and were controlled for a series of potentially confounding factors, they provide the strongest evidence to date of a biological basis for the differences in infection and survival between the sexes, concluded Dr. Reade


'/>"/>

Contact: Keely Savoie
ksavoie@thoracic.org
212-315-8620
American Thoracic Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Research says doctors gender may hinder early diagnosis of heart disease in women
2. PA Health Department Survey Shows Impact of Income, Gender, Other Factors on Health and Access to Health Care
3. Survey shows gender differences are factor when surgeons in training choose a subspecialty
4. Race, Gender Affect Laryngeal Cancer Survival
5. Climate change, gender differences, health among EurekAlert! 10 Most Popular Stories in 2007
6. Fungus Sheds Light on Development of Human Genders
7. Iowa State University researchers work on gender, temperature link in reptiles published in Nature
8. QED International Associates Announces Changes to the HealthShares(TM) GI/Gender Health Index
9. Gender differences in language appear biological
10. Gender Bias at Play in Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis
11. Gender bias may affect care of people with osteoarthritis, study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong ... Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. ... to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits ... terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in disappointment, perhaps ... slow progress toward their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com reveals that ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an ... of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a ... Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm ... 2016 Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this recognition are considered ... Seven Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join ... wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase ... of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does not erode again, and make future ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... DUBLIN , June 23, 2016 ... "Dialysis Devices Global Market - Forecast to 2022" report ... is the treatment method for the patients with kidney failure, ... and excess fluid from the patient,s blood and thus the ... sodium, potassium and chloride in balance. Increasing ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition ... - Forecast to 2022" report to their offering. ... to date financial data derived from varied research sources to ... potential impact on the market during the next five years, ... of sub markets, regional and country level analysis. The report ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... PARK RIDGE, Ill. and INDIANAPOLIS ... caliber of students receiving a Lilly Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders ... hands. The 2016 scholarship winners, announced today online at ... refused to let type 1 diabetes stand in the ... Lilly Diabetes has supported the Foundation,s scholarship program since ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: