Navigation Links
Gender differences in risk pathways for adolescent substance abuse and early adult alcoholism
Date:6/10/2011

Clinically ascertained reports suggest that boys and girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may differ from each other in their vulnerability to substance use problems, say the researchers of the University of Helsinki and University of Jyvskyl, Finland.

A total of 1545 Finnish adolescents were assessed for DSM-IV-based ADHD symptoms by their parents and classroom teachers using standardized rating scales at age 11-12 years. At age 14, substance use disorders and psychiatric co-morbidity were assessed with the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism, providing DSM-III-R/DSM-IV diagnoses for Axis I disorders. At age 17.5, substance use was assessed by multi-item questionnaire.

Baseline ADHD symptoms were less common among girls than boys, but among girls they were more predictive of adverse substance use outcomes once conduct disorder and previous substance use were controlled for. Only in females were baseline ADHD symptoms significant predictors of alcohol abuse and dependence and illicit drug use at age 14. At the age of 17.5, parents' reports of inattentiveness and hyperactivity were significant predictors for frequent alcohol use in both sexes, but they were more predictive of frequent alcohol and illicit drug use in girls.

Impulsivity in teachers' ratings predicted frequent alcohol use and illicit drug use in boys. Parental reports of inattentiveness in their 11-/12-year-old daughters were a consistent predictor for illicit drug use across adolescence.

"Inattentiveness and hyperactivity may be more predictive of alcohol use disorders and maladaptive patterns of alcohol and illicit drug use among girls than boys", says psychiatrist, Dr. Elina Sihvola.

"The importance of these behavioural symptoms should be assessed further in the community, as they could jeopardize adolescents' successful transitioning into adult roles", she adds.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Elina Sihvola
elina.sihvola@helsinki.fi
358-503-529-072
University of Helsinki
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Anti-Drinking Ads That Engender Guilt May Not Work
2. New Gender-Neutral Flex-Friendly Certification Makes the Business Case for Flex Even in a Tough Economy.
3. Gender Gaps Persist in Pay at Academic Medical Centers
4. New UCSF Studies Reveal that Age-Related Nerve Decline is Associated with Inflammation and Differs by Gender
5. Even 9-Month-Olds Choose Gender-Specific Toys
6. Myth Debunked: Baby Shower Gifts CAN Be Personalized Without Knowing Name Or Gender
7. Gender Differences Show in Risk of Narcotic Abuse
8. Substance Abuse in Mexican Americans Differs by Gender
9. Babies Responses to Prenatal Stress Differ by Gender
10. Exploring gender differences in colorectal cancer screenings
11. Do toddlers pick up gender roles during play?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... IL (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... which established the certification process to promote standards of excellence for the field ... Symposium, scheduled for March 22 – 25, 2018 in Orlando, Florida at the ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Randall, PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with clinical associate ... primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s Health Conference. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Apple Rehab Shelton Lakes , which ... evacuation of the facility as part of a disaster drill on October 3rd. , ... and Shelton City Emergency Manager, as well as the Connecticut Long Term Care ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse ... Market. Featuring a collection of specialty vendors and unique items from across the nation, ... quality-focused health and wellness services offered by the VNA. The boutique will be ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare ... scenic Alexandria Park in Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare ... activity. The fun run is geared towards children of all ages; it is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2017 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... Consulting, LLC , and named its founder as Diplomat,s ... Tennessee , will operate under Diplomat ... service offerings for health care partners to include IT ... "In an interoperable world, technology delivers comprehensive ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Oct. 2, 2017 The Rebound mobile app is ... to reverse the tide of prescription drug addiction. The app ... medicine intake and stepping down their dosage in a safe, ... in December 2017; the first 100,000 people to sign up ... http://www.rebound-solution.com/ ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... NEW YORK , Sept. 27, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: ... data solutions, today announced that its MyDario product is expected to appear ... listings for when The Dr. Oz Show airs in your area: ... The nine-time Emmy award-winning, The ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: