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Full Explanation Reduces Seniors’ Worries about Lung Cancer Screening
Date:7/25/2014

Philadelphia, PA (PRWEB) July 25, 2014

A new study of participants in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), the results of which are published today in Cancer, found evidence that men and women between the ages of 55 and 74 who had an abnormal finding on a lung cancer screening test did not experience more anxiety or reduced quality of life than did those who were screened and found to be cancer-free.

This result came as a surprise to the researchers. “We expected that participants with an abnormal finding would be more worried and uneasy about that finding,” said lead study author Ilana F. Gareen, Ph.D., assistant professor of epidemiology research at the Brown University Center for Statistical Sciences, Providence, R.I. “Instead we found that people had anxiety levels and quality of life that were similar, whether their screening test found something suspicious or nothing at all.”

Gareen and her colleagues hypothesize that the thorough consent process used in the NLST helped mitigate potential increases in anxiety and/or declines in health-related quality of life. The consent form for the NLST was vetted by patients and clinicians and aimed to fully inform trial participants ahead of time that the screening test they were about to undergo frequently shows abnormal findings (called positive results) that may later be deemed negative/not cancer, after further testing. “In advance of the screening, participants were advised that 20 to 50 percent of those screened would receive false positive results, and that the participants might require additional work-up to confirm that they were cance
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