Navigation Links
Fruit flies soar as lab model, drug screen for the deadliest of human brain cancers
Date:2/12/2009

LA JOLLA, CAFruit flies and humans share most of their genes, including 70 percent of all known human disease genes. Taking advantage of this remarkable evolutionary conservation, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies transformed the fruit fly into a laboratory model for an innovative study of gliomas, the most common malignant brain tumors.

"Gliomas are a devastating disease but we still know very little about the underlying disease process," explains John B. Thomas, Ph.D., a professor in the Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory and senior author of the study, which is published in the current edition of the Public Library of Science Genetics. "We can now use the power of Drosophila genetics to uncover genes that drive these tumors and identify novel therapeutic targets, which will speed up the development of effective drugs."

Better models for research into human gliomas are urgently needed. Last year alone, about 21,000 people in this country were diagnosed with brain and nervous system cancers, Senator Edward M. Kennedy the most famous among them. About 77 percent of malignant brain tumors are gliomas and their prognosis is usually bleak. While they rarely spread to elsewhere in the body, cancerous glial cells quickly infiltrate the brain and grow rapidly, which renders them largely incurable even with current therapies.

Gliomas originate in brain cells known as "glia" and are categorized into subtypes based on how aggressive they appear, with glioblastoma being the most common and most aggressive form of glioma. Their diversity is mirrored by the number of different signaling pathways involved in the generation of these tumors, yet aggressive gliomas all seem to have one thing in common: Most, if not all human glioblastomas carry mutations that activate the EGFR-Ras and PI-3K signaling pathways. Such mutations are also thought to play a key role in developing drug resistance.

"Fruit flies possess homologs of many relevant human genes including EGFR, Ras, and PI-3K," explains postdoctoral researcher and first author Renee Read, who spearheaded the project. "We developed the Drosophila model to figure out how these genes specifically regulate brain tumor pathogenesis and to discover new ways to attack these tumors."

When Read activated both signaling pathways specifically in glia in genetically engineered fruit flies, she found that, just as in the mammalian brain, activation of the EGFR-Ras and PI-3K pathways gave rise to rapidly dividing, invasive cells that created tumor-like growths in the fly brain, mimicking the human disease.

"Once I had verified that the fly tumors share key aspects with human gliomas, I could use the model to screen for new genes that are involved in disease process and compare them to the genes that were found as part of The Cancer Genome Atlas' glioblastoma initiative," explains Read.

Glioblastoma is one of the first cancers studied by The Cancer Genome Atlas research network, whose goal is to accelerate understanding of the molecular basis of cancer through the application of modern genome characterization technologies such as large-scale genome sequencing.

Like most cancers, gliomas arise from changes in a person's DNA that accumulate over a lifetime but sorting changes with wide-ranging impacts from innocent bystanders has been a challenge. "While these initiatives give us big lists of altered genes they don't tell us much about which ones are really important," says Read. "Addressing this question in mouse models or patient studies is extremely expensive and time-consuming. In flies, I can test hundreds of genes every week."

The Salk researchers are now using their fly model to search for genes and drugs that might block EGFR/PI-3K-associated brain tumors. The drug tests are being done in collaboration with co-authors professor Webster Cavenee, Ph.D., and associate professor Frank Furnari, Ph.D., both experts in human brain tumor biology at the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research at the University of California, San Diego.

The researchers are hoping that through their combined efforts new discoveries from the fly model can be rapidly translated into mouse and human brain tumor studies and lead to development of new therapies for this deadly cancer.


'/>"/>

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
kirchweger@salk.edu
858-453-4100 x1340
Salk Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Coloring Compound in Fruits, Veggies May Cut Colon Cancer Risk
2. Scientists detect presence of marburg virus in african fruit bats
3. Pollen, Fruits, Veggies Help Trigger Oral Allergy Syndrome
4. Get Your Fruits & Veggies: CDC
5. Fruity vegetables and fish reduce asthma and allergies
6. P.A.C.K. Week Declared in Support of Fruits & Veggies-More Matters Month
7. Produce for Better Health Foundation Releases Statement on Study Saying Fruit & Vegetable Consumption Not Strongly Associated With Colon Cancer Risk
8. Fruits, Veggies Wont Lower Colon Cancer Risk
9. Fruit and vegetables health
10. Abbott Launches Fruitified(TM) ZonePerfect(R) All-Natural Nutrition Bars
11. Fish, Fruits, Veggies May Cut Dementia Risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Fruit flies soar as lab model, drug screen for the deadliest of human brain cancers
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Freed-Hardeman University President Joe A. Wiley ... joint enrollment and degree completion agreement. The agreement, which begins with the ... FHU|Dickson. , The agreement allows students to be jointly admitted to both ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... The American public tends to feel uncomfortable about drinking ... regular municipal or well water. The recent experience with lead contaminated water in Flint, ... long way toward increasing public acceptance of recycled waste water as drinking water. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... , ... At its annual meeting held last week, the American Parkinson Disease ... of Directors. Mr. McDermott succeeds former APDA Chairman, Fred Greene. , "We are pleased ... APDA President and CEO. “Pat has tirelessly served APDA since 2001 when he was ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... IL (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... In ... disguised form as a dream. A hallmark feature of patients with eating disorders is ... needs. The eating disorder behaviors and obsessions are regarded as maladaptive means for coping ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... KICVentures ( http://www.kicventures.com ... Development event in New York City on Thursday, January 21, 2016. Kingsley ... Mediacom, (both alumnus of the varsity Columbia soccer program) spoke at the event, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... HARROGATE, England , February 5, 2016 ... --> Today, VoicePower Ltd - The Speech Recognition People, ... has been deployed to improve patient care, reduce turnaround times and ... ,- Wirral CCG ,- VoicePower client since 2013 Challenge: ... Challenge: --> - Six doctors ,- Wirral ...
(Date:2/4/2016)...  Edwards Lifesciences Corporation (NYSE: EW ), the ... and critical care monitoring, announced today that it has ... Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC to repurchase $325 million ... the Company,s previously authorized program to repurchase up to ... --> --> Under the ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... FOSTER CITY, Calif. , Feb. 4, 2016 ... (the "Company") today announced it has entered into ... and Exchange Commission (SEC) fully resolving the SEC,s ... Practices Act (FCPA).  Under the terms of the ... total of $12.8 million, including disgorgement, pre-judgment interest ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: