Navigation Links
Fraunhofer MEVIS: New procedure to make brain surgery safer

Brain interventions must be planned so that the neurosurgeon can access and remove the tumor without causing unnecessary damage. Before the brain tumor can be removed, crucial questions must be answered. Where do the functional areas of the cortex (gray matter) of the patient lie? What are the paths of the nerve fiber tracts that connect them? Answering these questions is important because the functional areas of the brain are interconnected via nerve pathways, also known as nerve fiber tracts. These nerve tracts must be protected as much as possible; otherwise, permanent dysfunction could occur. Furthermore, nerve tracts can be pushed or infiltrated by the brain tumor itself. If nerve tracts become damaged during an operation, there is a risk that distant functional areas connected to the tumor-afflicted part of the brain could be affected and induce lasting sensory, motor, and cognitive impairment. Therefore, neurosurgeons attempt to answer these questions for each patient during the planning stage of the brain operation to minimize the risks present in the intervention. To do so, surgeons require medical imagery of each patient's brain anatomy and function that is as realistic and precise as possible. However, medical images contain inaccuracies that arise from the processing, modeling, and reconstruction of patient data.

Solving these problems requires more than merely improving existing imaging methods. Mathematical analysis and models must be integrated to produce information about the location of the tumor, functional areas, and nerve fiber tracts, to increase the accuracy of patient-specific data, and to give the surgeon dependable knowledge.

The Fraunhofer MEVIS Institute for Medical Image Computing in Bremen, Germany has pioneered a procedure that analyzes uncertainty in patient-specific images, modeling, and reconstruction and incorporates this information into reconstructions of patient data. This procedure allows safety margins around nerve tracts in the brain to be more accurately determined. In addition, the reliability of the reconstructed data is calculated to supply the surgeon with accurate information concerning nerve tract locations, paths, and intersections and to construct safety margins around the nerve fiber tracts. By integrating errors in measurement, reconstruction, and modeling, the exact locations of tracts in a space-occupying tumor are calculated. This gives the neurosurgeon a reliable prognosis concerning where the incision in the brain should be made and which safety margins should be chosen to avoid harming nerve tracts and irreversibly damaging important functional areas. Before an intervention, the surgeon can evaluate patient-specific risks. These software assistants will be refined and implemented for neuronavigation in future operations, providing the surgeon with updated information during surgery that can be compared to planning data.

The paths of nerve tracts in the brain and the functional areas that they connect can now be explored by visitors of the "New Paths in Medicine" exhibit on the MS Wissenschaft exhibition ship. The converted inland vessel is underway until September 29, 2011 and docks in 35 different cities. During the "Year of Health Research", visitors can familiarize themselves with the field's newest trends, developments, and research findings. The exhibit showcases a physical three-dimensional model of the brain produced through an innovative printing process based on the medical image data of a real person. This brain model can be touched and viewed from different angles thanks to its rotating base. Nerve tracts can be activated by touching sensors on the physical model that correspond to functional areas of the brain. The brain is displayed on a screen along with the activated nerve tracts that are responsible, for instance, for sight, speech, feeling, and motion. This new form of interactive exhibit was developed by Fraunhofer MEVIS in Bremen together with the Universum Science Center in Bremen to demonstrate how modern image processing combined with mathematics and intelligent software can help make neurosurgical operations more predictable and safe. The three-dimensional print of the brain was produced by the Fraunhofer-Institut ITWM in Kaiserslautern.


Contact: Dr. Guido Prause

Related medicine news :

1. Ex-President Clinton Undergoes Heart Procedure
2. Ex-President Clinton Said To Be Fine After Heart Procedure
3. Bill Clinton Back Home After Heart Procedure
4. Stereotaxis Procedure Prominently Featured on BBC Documentary From the Heart
5. Study: Choice between stroke-prevention procedures influenced by patient age
6. Medical Ultrasound Now Used in New, Non-surgical Cosmetic Procedure
7. Plastic Surgery Institute of Southeast Texas Offers Milder Anesthesia for Outpatient Procedures
8. The Patients Guide to Vasectomy Reversal Now Available for Free for Increasing Number of Men Requesting the Procedure
9. Nu/Hart Leads The Way With Revolutionary Hair Transplant Procedure
10. Dr. Robert True Responds to a New York Time Article About a New Cosmetic Procedure Called Awake Breast Augmentation
11. New procedure aims to save vision of children with eye cancer
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Fraunhofer MEVIS: New procedure to make brain surgery safer
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Brillianteen, ... friendships, and learning in its 65th Anniversary Brillianteen Revue, scheduled for March 4-6, ... , For 65 years, Brillianteen has been a treasured tradition for numerous families ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Castlewood Treatment Center for Eating ... disorders as a result of the $20,000 raised at the center’s recent ... Golf Club in Eureka, will help individuals who otherwise might not seek treatment ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... An unlikely ... resulting in a way for homeless people to have a more dignified and ... new initiative whereby they are repurposing plastic bags into sleeping mats for the ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Students and parents have something to be thankful ... Create Real Impact awards. California Casualty is proud to support the contest ... distracted and reckless driving, the number one killer of young drivers. , Almost ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , ... November 24, 2015 , ... Dr. Todd S. ... offer laser services to many of his patients. Dr. Afferica now uses the BIOLASE ... reduce the amount of time the doctor uses other traditional cutting tools, such as ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015  ARKRAY USA ... continues to provide evidence demonstrating the accuracy of its ... Congress on Insulin Resistance, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in ... both the Company,s GLUCOCARD ® 01 meter and ... accuracy requirements. The ability to accurately measure glucose levels ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015  Trovagene, Inc. (NASDAQ: TROV ), a ... Executive Officer Antonius Schuh, Ph.D., is scheduled to present ... Piper Jaffray Healthcare Conference. th Annual ... Hotel in New York on ... Schuh will be available for one-on-one meetings during the ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 USP ... hazardous drug preparations (e.g. pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, nurses, ... veterinary technicians). The chapter also covers all entities ... (e.g., pharmacies, hospitals, other healthcare institutions, patient treatment ... --> --> What ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: