Navigation Links
Former substance abusers rarely relapse after organ transplantation
Date:2/4/2008

Only about 6 percent of former alcoholics and 4 percent of former illicit drug users will relapse into their addictions in any given year following an organ transplant. These results are published in the February issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal by John Wiley & Sons. The article is also available online via Wiley Interscience (http://www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/livertransplantation).

Substance abuse can lead to serious organ diseases for which transplantation is increasingly considered an acceptable treatment. Still, the transplant community remains concerned about these patients resuming their harmful behaviors once the transplant has been done.

Studies have suggested vast disparities in the prevalence of addiction relapse after transplantation, so researchers, led by Mary Amanda Dew of the University of Pittsburgh, conducted a meta-analysis of the existing literature. They sought to establish precise estimates of the rates of alcohol and drug relapse in individuals receiving liver or other solid organ transplants. They also looked for associations between relapse and many pre-transplant or psychosocial characteristics.

The researchers included 54 studies (all but four pertaining to liver recipients) that described more than 3600 former substance abusers who had received transplants. They examined the following post transplant outcomes: alcohol relapse, heavy alcohol use, illicit drug relapse, tobacco use, non adherence to immunosuppressants and nonadherence to clinic appointments.

The average rate for alcohol relapse was 5.6, or approximately 6 cases per 100 persons per year of observation (PPY). The average rate for relapse to heavy alcohol use was 2.5 per 100 PPY. The average relapse to illicit drug use was 3.7 PPY. The average relapse rates for the other studied outcomes ranged from 2 to 10 cases per 100 PPY.

Due to the
'/>"/>

Contact: Amy Molnar
amolnar@wiley.com
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. 4-Star Gen. Barry Mccaffrey, Former U.S. Drug Czar, to Keynote Recovery Happens! Rally for Treatment: Wed., Sept. 5, 11 Am, State Capitol West Steps, Sacramento
2. 4-Star Gen. Barry McCaffrey, Former U.S. Drug Czar, to Address National Drug Crisis, Keynote Grand Opening of New Allenwood, PA National Model Detox Center
3. Retired NYPD Lieutenants William E. Keegan, Jr., Owen McCaffery and John Moran and Tom Thees, a former COO in the financial industry, announce today the formation of H.E.A.R.T (Healing Emergency Aid Response Team) 911.
4. Former State Representative Terry Parke Joins Secure Services Corp.
5. Benjamin England, Former FDA Regulatory Counsel, to Testify on FDA Import Strategic Plan Before House Appropriations Subcommittee
6. 4-Star Gen. Barry McCaffrey, Former U.S. Drug Czar, & Countrys Top Drug Treatment CEO Barry Karlin to Keynote Palm Beach, FL National Moment Of Change Intervention Conference:
7. Former Ronco President Tim Dupler Signs International Direct Sales and Marketing Contract with Natural Nutrition
8. Former HHS Secretary Dr. Louis Sullivan, Lt. Gov. Cagle Address Need to Improve Quality of Patient Care
9. Former Pfizer Patent Attorneys Join Brinks Hofer Gilson & Lione
10. Nobel Honors 3 Former March of Dimes Prize Recipients
11. Over one-third of former American football players had sexual relations with men, study says
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/2/2014)... HealthDay Reporter WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 ... raise your risk for high blood pressure, a new study ... lived within 109 yards of a busy road had a ... women living at least half a mile away, researchers report. ... of our physical environment on our health and well-being," said ...
(Date:10/2/2014)... HealthDay Reporter WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- ... may face an increased risk of dying in the next several ... older Americans, researchers found those who were unable to detect scents ... as likely to die in the next five years, versus those ... the inability to distinguish odors -- was a bigger predictor of ...
(Date:10/2/2014)... HealthDay Reporter WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay ... have a total of 500 confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68, ... since the summer, U.S. health officials reported Wednesday. Four ... but it,s not clear what role -- if any -- ... officials are also trying to determine if the virus is ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... University of Adelaide have developed a model that could ... outcome from treatment - from their very first psychotic ... of factors, including clinical symptoms, cognitive abilities, MRI scans ... blood. , Speaking in the lead up to World ... Psychiatry , Professor Bernhard Baune , says ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... shown that more than 80 per cent of bowel ... study found that medicines called ,JAK inhibitors, halted tumour ... is present in more than 80 per cent of ... are in clinical trials, for diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, ... is the second-most common cancer in Australia with nearly ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Living Near a Highway May Be Bad for Your Blood Pressure 2Health News:Living Near a Highway May Be Bad for Your Blood Pressure 3Health News:Could a Fading Sense of Smell Point to Earlier Death? 2Health News:Could a Fading Sense of Smell Point to Earlier Death? 3Health News:42 States Reporting Respiratory Virus That Targets Kids 2Health News:42 States Reporting Respiratory Virus That Targets Kids 3Health News:Predicting the future course of psychotic illness 2Health News:Eighty percent of bowel cancers halted with existing medicines 2
... citrus fruits rich in Vitamin C such as papaya, oranges ... research has found that the nutrient could help reduce ... ,Researchers from the University of Warwick have found that the ... in diabetics. ,Free radicals are tissue-damaging molecules, and ...
... and smoke-free work environment play key roles in helping people ... a study has found. ,The study was ... environmental factors are more influential than individual behaviours and beliefs ... researcher Jon Macy, said that though smoking cessation attempts often ...
... , ... ... ... clutches? Even fetuses in wombs experience stress! Stress can stem from a variety of causes-relationships, job, school and daily activities-just about anything. ...
... Working in an environment where smoking is allowed is especially ... that is not considered safe at any level, a ... by researchers at the Multnomah County Health Department and Oregon ... elevated levels of the carcinogen NNK, which is found in ...
... led by a Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO )researcher ... to vitamin D deficiency Rickets. Despite the fact that generation ... supplements and sunshine, vitamin D deficiency rickets has persisted in ... disease that weakens the leg bones and stunts growth, the ...
... death rates for men from the rural areas are 10 ... ,Despite The fact that cancer survival rates are improving overall, ... death rate of men living in rural areas and their ... in Australia has risen from 78,857 new cases in 1996 ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Smoke-free Workplace, Non-smoking Spouse Help Quitters Stay Off the Butt 2Health News:Living With Stress 2Health News:Living With Stress 3Health News:Living With Stress 4Health News:Secondhand Workplace Smoke Hits Non-smokers Badly 2Health News:Vitamin D Deficiency Still Persists in Babies 2Health News:Cancer Deaths of Rural Men on the High 2
(Date:10/2/2014)... 1, 2014 The global high content screening ... the ,Threat of Obsolescence, wherein technologies as well as ... and biotechnology companies as well as academic and government ... as a powerful research tool in drug discovery. The ... in the high content screening market. In high content ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... Oct. 1, 2014  Dyadic International, Inc. ("Dyadic") ... and proprietary technology used to develop and produce ... chemicals, biopharmaceuticals, and industrial enzymes industries, today announced ... Abengoa Bioenergy for commercial scale production of Abengoa,s ... ethanol, developed under Abengoa,s license agreement with Dyadic. ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... 1, 2014 Trovagene, Inc., (NASDAQ:  TROV) ... that Eli Diamond , MD, Assistant Attending ... presented clinical data from an ongoing study demonstrating ... for the determination of oncogene mutational status in ... results were presented to both treating physicians and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:High Content Screening Market by Instruments (Cell Imaging and Analysis System), by Applications (Primary and Secondary Screening, Target Identification and Validation, Toxicity Studies, Compound Profiling), Software & Services - Global Forecasts to 2High Content Screening Market by Instruments (Cell Imaging and Analysis System), by Applications (Primary and Secondary Screening, Target Identification and Validation, Toxicity Studies, Compound Profiling), Software & Services - Global Forecasts to 3Dyadic International Reports Licensing Payment For Commercial-Scale Production Of C1-Based Cellulase Enzymes 2Dyadic International Reports Licensing Payment For Commercial-Scale Production Of C1-Based Cellulase Enzymes 3Clinical Performance of Trovagene's Precision Cancer Monitoring Platform Presented at Second Annual International ECD Medical Symposium 2Clinical Performance of Trovagene's Precision Cancer Monitoring Platform Presented at Second Annual International ECD Medical Symposium 3Clinical Performance of Trovagene's Precision Cancer Monitoring Platform Presented at Second Annual International ECD Medical Symposium 4
... The Leukemia & Lymphoma,Society has awarded a $550,000 grant ... Cancer Center at the University of Rochester Medical,Center. Millennium ... the first two years of the five-year program., ... support,Dr. Friedberg,s work on a new targeted treatment for ...
... Medivation, Inc.,(Nasdaq: MDVN ) today announced that ... on Monday, July 7, to discuss top-line results ... of,dimebon(TM) in Huntington,s disease., Teleconference/Webcast Details, ... July 7, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern,time by telephone, ...
Cached Medicine Technology:University of Rochester Researcher Named Millennium Pharmaceuticals Career Development Scholar of The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society 2Medivation to Host Conference Call at 5 p.m. EDT Monday to Discuss Top-Line Phase 2 Study Results in Huntington's Disease 2
... The Repeater Pipette* provides quick, convenient, ... procedures. Eppendorf Combitips have a polyethylene ... them ideal for use with most ... Product features: Five separate volumes can ...
... The only catheter of its kind, ... rapidly collects real-time cardiac electrical information, ... map. With 64 electrodes, this unique ... more than 3,000 points of electrical ...
... St. Jude Medical's universal programmer platform, ... used in combination with St. Jude ... products for emerging indications. Features ... touch-sensitive, active matrix LCD screen Programmer ...
... Coronary Stent System introduces ... lesion access and conformability. ... low crossing profile, and ... the performance of the ...
Medicine Products: