Navigation Links
Forensic sciences are 'fraught with error'
Date:4/22/2013

Amsterdam, April 22, 2013 A target article recently published in Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (JARMAC) reviews various high-profile false convictions. It provides an overview of classic psychological research on expectancy and observer effects and indicates in which ways forensic science examiners may be influenced by information such as confessions, eyewitness identification, and graphical evidence.

The target article authors, Saul Kassin and Jeff Kukucka, of John Jay College of Criminal Justice, and Itiel Dror, University College, London, point out that when the instrument of analysis is a human examiner, then even evidence considered by the public to be highly objective, such as fingerprint evidence, is actually subjective in its judgment. Therefore, they argue, there is a potential for confirmation bias because psychological research shows that "people tend to seek, perceive, interpret, and create new evidence in ways that verify their preexisting beliefs."

The authors reveal that even DNA evidence, more famously known for exonerating wrongfully convicted people, has contributed to false convictions, especially when other, flawed, evidence chronologically precedes it, such as a mistaken eyewitness identification or false confession.

"Popular TV programs, such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, communicate a false belief in the powers of forensic science, a problem that can be exacerbated when forensic science experts overstate the strength of the evidence," explained leading author, Saul Kassin.

The study does not just point out flaws it details many things that can be done to limit or avoid these problems, both during an investigation and during a trial. The authors propose various best practice recommendations to reduce confirmation biases. During the investigation, for example, an easy solution would be to shield forensic examiners from everything other than the evidence they are examining. This minimizes chances of fitting the evidence to a known suspect.

"The target article describes an important force that has the potential to erode the quality of our judicial system. Solving the problem will require psychological researchers, legal scholars and forensic scientists communicating with one another a process that is fostered by the exchange of ideas," says Ronald Fisher, Editor-in-Chief of JARMAC, and Professor of psychology at Florida International University.


'/>"/>

Contact: Irene Kanter-Schlifke
i.kanter@elsevier.com
31-204-853-359
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Wolters Kluwer Health and International Association of Forensic Nurses partner to publish the Journal of Forensic Nursing
2. Washingtons Life Sciences Discovery Fund awards commercialization grants
3. Hutchinson Center president elected to American Academy of Art and Sciences
4. Ivy Neurological Sciences Internship program funded at TGen
5. UT MD Anderson President Ronald DePinho elected to National Academy of Sciences
6. UCSC physicist Alexander Sher named Pew Scholar in the Biomedical Sciences
7. Novel Natural Sciences Repository Opens Web Portal
8. New Anthropology and Archaeology Resources Published at Sciences Social Network
9. Natural Sciences Repository Publishes Chromatography and Acidic Compounds Resources
10. Lauren Sciences LLCs research team at Ben-Gurion University awarded Campbell Foundation grant to develop a V-Smart therapeutic for neuro-HIV
11. Life Sciences Discovery Fund makes company grants in health-related technologies
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... ... and Android devices. VisualDx is the first point of care diagnostic support ... general medicine. The system speeds diagnosis, therapy decisions and patient education for ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... ... is just around the corner. Summer means a lot of different things to people. ... all day and night. Parents often lament the coming of summer as they will have ... trips to the beach, backyard cookouts, fireworks on the Fourth of July, and even perhaps ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... , ... Dermatologic surgeons performed nearly 10 million medically necessary and cosmetic procedures ... , The results of the 2015 ASDS Survey on Dermatologic Procedures released today reveal ... the growing popularity of soft-tissue fillers and body sculpting procedures. , For the ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... ... , The Medical Society of Northern Virginia, Announces DoctorsTelemed?, A telehealth ... Medical Society of Northern Virginia (MSNVA) launches DoctorsTelemed?, a telemedicine solution that ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... , ... May 05, 2016 , ... Nepenthe Laboratory Services ... Elementary School last week to raise non-perishable food item donations for Food for Lane ... Day” hosted on NBC. , “The goal of the assembly was to create an ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... May 4, 2016  It,s time for an upgrade. There are many medical recorders ... 3.5 inch LCD, the illustrious DVMAXX HD  offers unparalleled connectivity and functionality.  Ampronix ... a world class manufacturer of innovative technology.  Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160503/363416 ... ... ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... New Jersey , May 4, 2016 ... its successful completion of an alternative public offering (APO). ... wholly owned operating company, Valeritas, Inc. and a private ... common stock at $5.00 per share. Under ... on May 3, 2016, Valeritas Holdings, Inc. will trade ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... 4, 2016 Research ... "Global Acute lymphocytic Leukemia Market and Competitive ... offering.       (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ... Leukemia Market and Competitive Landscape Highlights 2016, ... pipeline products, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia epidemiology, Acute ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: