Navigation Links
For the Knee, Shoes and Playing Surface Matter

Study finds that cleats and natural grass make the safest combination,,

SATURDAY, Jan. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Wearing cleats on a natural grass playing field seems to offer athletes some protection from anterior cruciate ligament injury when they make a quick turn, new research shows.

"These are injuries where an athlete plants his or her foot while making a cut and blows out his or her knee," Dr. Mark Drakos, a study co-author who, at the time of the research, was an orthopedic fellow in sports medicine at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, said in a hospital news release. The ligament is commonly referred to as the ACL.

"We don't know all the science behind why ACL injuries may be more common on turf than on grass," Drakos said. The study begins to address that, he said, because "we need to optimize some of those environmental factors.

To that end, the researchers used lower extremities -- knee, foot and ankle -- from cadavers to test the strain placed on the ACL, one of four major ligaments in the knee, by four different combinations of shoes and playing surfaces: turf shoe and Astroturf; turf shoe and modern playing turf; cleat and modern turf; and cleat and natural grass.

Compared with the natural grass/cleat combination, the amount of strain on the ACL was 80 percent greater with the Astroturf/turf shoe, 48 percent greater with the modern playing turf/turf shoe and 45 percent greater with the modern playing surface/cleat combination.

When a similar cut, or quick turn, is made on four different surfaces, "the best strain profile is in grass/cleat combinations," Drakos said. "So, there is less force occurring at your ligament for the same cut on that particular surface using this model."

The finding is published in the January issue of the Journal of Biomechanical Engineering.

"As a former football player, I was always curious about why I was more sore after playing on artificial surfaces than playing on grass, and I wanted to find out the reasons behind that using a biomechanical model," Drakos said.

"There are basically 200,000 ACL injuries every year in the United States alone, and this [type of playing field and type of shoe] is an environmental factor which has been shown to play a role in injury, but has yet to optimized," he said. "I think it is a scenario that deserves attention and further research."

More information

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more on ACL injury.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Hospital for Special Surgery, news release, Jan. 20, 2010

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Running shoes may cause damage to knees, hips and ankles
2. JBFCS, Payless ShoeSource Partner to Give Shoes to New York Citys Needy Kids
3. Hitting the Pavement? Make Sure Your Feet (And Your Shoes) Are Ready.
4. Moszkito(R) Expands its Archy(TM) Footwear Collection to Include Closed-Toed Shoes for Fall 2009
5. Give Shoes the '1,2,3 Test' During Back-To-School Shopping
6. DaVita Donates Toys, Shoes and School Supplies for Army National Guard to Distribute in Iraq
7. Prescription Training Puts Docs in Shoes of Older Patients
8. Got the Blues? Get Z-CoiL Pain Relief Shoes
9. TOMS Shoes Embarks on a Holiday Mission: Give 30,000 Pairs in 30 Days!
10. Bayer Diabetes Care Names Walk In Nicks Shoes (W.I.N.S.) Sweepstakes Grand Prize Winners
11. Candidate Experiences Life in Homecare Workers Shoes
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Somu Sivaramakrishnan announced today that he joined ... offers travelers, value and care based Travel Services, including exclusive pricing on a ... cabin upgrades and special amenities such as, shore excursions, discounted fares, travel gifts ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... Jobs in ... by healthcare professionals and offered by healthcare staffing agency Aureus Medical Group . ... the month of October 2015 among those searching for healthcare jobs through the company’s ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... process, participated in the 61st annual Employee Benefits Conference. The Employee Benefits Conference ... Sunday, November 8th through Wednesday, November 11th, 2015. The conference was held at ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Karnataka (PRWEB) , ... November ... ... innovative online platform for mental health and wellness consultation, has collaborated with ... to holistically address their reader’s queries on topics on mental and emotional ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Additional ... those found on mammography, according to a study published online in the journal ... seen on mammography may necessitate a change in treatment. , Breast MRI is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... Carolina , 26 november 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... (AAIPharma/CML) kondigt de geplande investering aan van ... van de laboratoria en het mondiale hoofdkantoor ... De uitbreiding zal resulteren in extra kantoorruimte ... voldaan aan de groeiende behoeften van de ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... SAN FRANCISCO , November 26, 2015 ... 1.82 billion by 2022, according to a new report by ... as Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) which demands kidney transplantation is ... convenient and cost effective substitute for organ transplantation. --> ... 1.82 billion by 2022, according to a new report by ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... Juntendo universitetssjukhus ser potential att använda ... magnetresonansbilder (MR-bilder) för patienter med multipel ... ett forskningsavtal med SyntheticMR AB för att ... forskningsprojekt på sjukhuset. Med SyMRI kan man ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: