TUESDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Younger women with breast cancer who undergo a lumpectomy to remove their tumor survive just as long and aren't any more likely to have a recurrence than women who opt for the more radical and disfiguring mastectomy, or removal of the entire breast, two new studies report.
"These results will give young women with breast cancer some reassurance if they choose to have a lumpectomy," said Dr. Julliette Buckley, lead author of one of the studies, at a Tuesday news conference. "They can feel safe and secure in making the choice to keep their breast."
The findings, which were presented Tuesday ahead of the 2011 Breast Cancer Symposium in San Francisco, which starts Thursday, relate specifically to women under the age of 40.
Women in this younger age group tend to be diagnosed at a later stage than older women and seem also to have a higher rate of recurrence, said Buckley, who is a breast surgery fellow at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.
Although it has been unclear if women who undergo a mastectomy actually live longer, more women lately have been choosing this procedure over a breast-conserving lumpectomy.
Buckley and her colleagues looked at medical records on 628 women aged 21 to 40 who had been diagnosed with up to stage III breast cancer between 1996 and 2008.
Of the women undergoing lumpectomy, 7.34 percent had a local recurrence versus 7.4 percent in women who had their whole breast removed.
Survival rates were also similar in both groups, with about 93 percent of patients alive after five years and 87.2 percent alive after 10 years.
The second group of researchers used U.S. National Cancer Institute data on almost 15,000 patients aged 20 to 39 who had early-stage breast cancer. Forty-five percent underwent breast-conserving surgery while 55 percent had a mastectomy.
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