Navigation Links
For Many, 9/11-Linked Trauma Emerged Years Later
Date:8/4/2009

Rates of reported PTSD climbed 5 years after the attacks, but asthma rates have steadily fallen, study finds

TUESDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- People directly exposed to the horrors of the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the World Trade Center in New York City were reporting new symptoms of post-traumatic stress as long as five and six years after the incident, a new study has found.

In fact, by 2006-2007, more people directly exposed to the event were reporting post-traumatic stress symptoms than in 2003-2004, the study found, and they were about four times more likely than the general population to have such symptoms.

Asthma rates, however, had declined to more or less normal rates by 2007, after being elevated in the months right after the attack, the study reported. The findings are published in the Aug. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Asthma and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have proven to be the most enduring health consequences of 9/11.

"Five to six years after the event, we found that the vast majority of these people are healthy, but we did find that asthma and PTSD symptoms were elevated," said Lorna Thorpe, senior author of the study and deputy commissioner for epidemiology at the New York City Health Department. "Those elevations were directly correlated with specific 9/11 exposures."

Thousands of people were exposed to the attack, and the World Trade Center Registry was established soon after to follow and document health consequences of the event, especially among rescue workers, residents and passers-by in lower Manhattan at the time.

Of the more than 46,000 people who filled out questionnaires for the latest study, slightly more than 19 percent reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress in 2006-2007, compared with about 14 percent in 2003-2004. None of them had reported such symptoms before 9/11, according to the study.

Groups with the highest levels of chronic post-traumatic stress symptoms were commuters, tourists and other passers-by, with 23 percent reporting symptoms in 2006-2007. Office workers were most likely to have had their symptoms dissipate, and rescue-and-recovery workers were more likely to have developed symptoms later.

"The late onset of post-traumatic stress symptoms is not a surprise but a confirmation that this is a lifetime risk factor," said Dr. Alan Manevitz, a clinical psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. He volunteered at the disaster site, working with survivors and family members.

"We would expect that this would have happened," added Keith A. Young, vice chairman for research in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. "It's not strange if symptoms emerge later."

And experts agree that symptoms will often spike as the anniversary of the disaster approaches every year.

Right after the attack, people directly exposed were diagnosed with asthma at six times the rate seen in the general population. By the latest survey, the incidence was down to 10 percent -- much closer to the 7.7 percent asthma incidence found among the general population in a 2007 study.

Firefighters and other rescue-and-recovery workers had the highest rates of new asthma diagnoses, the study found.

"The early incidence of respiratory disease could be directly related to the intensity of the exposure over the first few days," said Jacob Finkelstein, professor of pediatrics, environmental medicine and radiation oncology at the University of Rochester Medical Center. "By the time they got through to 2006, the incidence of respiratory-related symptoms had pretty much declined back to baseline. That's pretty much what you'd expect."

Overall, about 25,500 adults developed asthma after 9/11, and about 61,000 had post-traumatic stress symptoms, the study found.

The two conditions often occurred together.

"There was this interaction between the two," said Dr. Norman Edelman, chief medical officer of the American Lung Association. "And other research indicates that those living in stressful situations seem to be more likely to have asthma."

About 52 percent of those who reported post-traumatic stress symptoms, however, said they had received no treatment in the preceding year.

"As a local health department, we were most concerned and surprised by the increase in PTS symptoms," Thorpe said. "We do know that getting appropriate trauma-specific care is critical so we're making as many efforts a possible to link people to sources of appropriate treatment."

More information

The New York City Department of Health has more on the World Trade Center Registry.



SOURCES: Lorna E. Thorpe, Ph.D., deputy commissioner for epidemiology, Department of Health, New York City; Norman Edelman, M.D., chief medical officer, American Lung Association; Alan Manevitz, M.D., clinical psychiatrist, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; Jacob Finkelstein, Ph.D., professor, pediatrics, environmental medicine and radiation oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, N.Y.; Keith A. Young, Ph.D., vice chairman for research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, College Station, Texas; August 5, 2009, Journal of the American Medical Association


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Recession cuts many, not all plastic surgery procedures
2. Recession Cuts Many, Not All Plastic Surgery Procedures
3. A New Meaning of Thanksgiving: Miracles for Many, Prayers for All as Healing Services Come to San Francisco
4. Hard to Treat Diseases, Inc. (HTDS) Experiments with Hyperbaric Oxygenation (HBO) Traumatic Brain Injury
5. Stories we tell about national trauma reflect our psychological well-being
6. Childrens Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota Receive Level III Trauma Designation
7. Alcohol and Trauma: Blood Test Gets to the Truth
8. National Trauma Institute Announces 15th Annual Trauma Symposium in San Antonio, August 31-September 1
9. University of Maryland Company Trauma Solutions Named Finalist in $250K Draper Fisher Jurvetson and Cisco Systems Global Business Plan Competition
10. California Shock Trauma Air Rescue (CALSTAR) Leads the Way in Pioneering Helicopter Modification Which is Expected to Greatly Enhance Safety and Save Lives
11. Emory researchers announce Phase III study of progesterone for traumatic brain injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
For Many, 9/11-Linked Trauma Emerged Years Later
(Date:3/24/2017)... , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Society (ONS) wanted to create a communications platform that positions them as the ... Elliance and ONS reinvented their online publication as an always-on, always-fresh news, views ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro ... their partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is ... Ave., Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation ... and college Bible teacher residing in North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He ... them with six grandchildren. David is also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The physicians of KSF Orthopaedic Center PA are proud to ... location is located at 2255 E. Mossy Oaks Rd., Suite 440, Spring, Texas 77389 ... provide patients living in the north Houston area (The Woodlands, Conroe, Magnolia, Kingwood, Humble) ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the ... acts have had a significant impact on the careers of all others involved. ... Inc. was inducted into the MBI’s Hall of Fame. The induction took place during ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... Strategies" report to their offering. ... Pain Management in the ... their physical pain, emphasizing consumer survey analysis, including trends over ... adults who have selected illnesses/conditions strongly associated with physical pain ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 ShangPharma, a leading ... cost-effective drug development and discovery services, technology, ... industry, announced today the intent for a ... be consolidating the Contract Research Organizations (CRO) ... ChemPartner. These entities include ChemPartner Shanghai, ChemPartner ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... Pipeline Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a ... Merck & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development ... of which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: