Navigation Links
Food restriction increases dopamine receptor levels in obese rats
Date:10/25/2007

UPTON, NY -- A brain-imaging study of genetically obese rats conducted at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory provides more evidence that dopamine - a brain chemical associated with reward, pleasure, movement, and motivation - plays a role in obesity. The scientists found that genetically obese rats had lower levels of dopamine D2 receptors than lean rats. They also demonstrated that restricting food intake can increase the number of D2 receptors, partially attenuating a normal decline associated with aging.

"This research corroborates brain-imaging studies conducted at Brookhaven that found decreased levels of dopamine D2 receptors in obese people compared with normal-weight people," said Brookhaven neuroscientist Panayotis (Peter) Thanos, lead author of the current study, which will be published in the journal Synapse and is now available online.

It's not clear whether reduced receptor levels are a cause or consequence of obesity: Overeating may chronically reduce receptor levels, which, over the long term, could eventually contribute to obesity. But having genetically low receptor levels may also lead to obesity by predisposing the individual to overeating in an attempt to stimulate a "blunted" reward system. Either way, revving up receptor levels by restricting food intake could enhance the impact of this common strategy for combating obesity.

"Consuming fewer calories is obviously important for people trying to lose weight, plus improving the brain's ability to respond to rewards other than food may help prevent overeating," Thanos said. Because food intake can have such a dramatic effect on dopamine receptor levels, "this study also provides further evidence for the interplay of genetic factors with the environment in the development of obesity in our society," he said.

The finding that food restriction can attenuate the effects of aging on the brain's ability to respond to dopamine may also help explain why food restriction slows down other changes associated with aging, such as declines in locomotor activity and sensitivity to reward.

Study methods and main findings

The researchers measured dopamine D2 receptor levels in adolescent and young adult genetically obese Zucker rats and lean rats. Between measures, half of the rats in each group were given free access to food while the other half were given 70 percent of the daily average amount of food eaten by the unrestricted group.

The scientists measured D2 receptor levels using two different techniques: micro-positron emission tomography (microPET) in living animals, which uses a radioactively tagged molecule that competes with the brain's natural dopamine for D2 receptor binding sites, and autoradiography, which uses a tracer that binds more strongly than natural dopamine but can only be used in tissue samples rather than in living animals. Together these two methods indicate the absolute number of D2 receptors found in the brain and how many are available or free during day-to-day function, which might be relevant to further elucidating the role of dopamine in obesity.

One main finding was that the overall number of D2 receptors was lower in obese than in lean rats. Also D2 receptor levels decreased with age, but this decline was significantly blunted in food-restricted rats compared with those given free access to food. This attenuation was most apparent in the obese rats.

Another main finding was that D2 receptor availability - that is, the number of receptors available for binding dopamine - was greater at adulthood in the obese rats compared to the lean rats. This suggests that perhaps the release of dopamine had significantly decreased with age in the obese unrestricted animals more than in the restricted ones or the lean rats. The possibility of lower release of dopamine in obese subjects is presently being examined, the researchers say.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. FDA Imposes New Restrictions On Roches Accutane
2. Drink till you drop dead in English Pubs- Restriction on Timings Lifted
3. Liberated British Mothers Want No Restriction on Breast Feeding In Public
4. Bird Flu Restrictions To Be Lifted In Scotland
5. Restriction of Carbohydrates to Prevent Alzheimers Disease
6. No More Dietary Restriction for Heartburn Patients - Study Says
7. Restrictions Imposed on Sale of Edible Common Salt
8. Bush Supports Restriction to ‘Morning–After’ Pll
9. Netherlands to lift livestock restrictions over avian influenza
10. Air travel restriction could hinder flu
11. Calorie Restriction May Prevent, Reduce Alzheimer’s Neuropatholog
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Mediaplanet today announces the launch ... lifestyles and highlighting the importance of proactive eye and ear health. The campaign ... latest innovations in hearing aid technology. , In this issue, the American ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... Radabaugh & Associates, a family managed ... North-Central West Virginia, is embarking on a cooperative charity effort with the Chestnut ... The Chestnut Mountain Ranch (CMR) is a Christ-centered boarding school for young men ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Goss & Associates Insurance Agency, ... commercial clients in the greater Houston region, is helping locally recognized nonprofit Addi’s ... against cancer. , Founded by Tony and Amber Bender after losing their young ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 18, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The ... says will lift the veil on false teachings pertaining to the mother of the Savior ... teach, you see a far different picture of the role of this historical woman. ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... “Our Mountains to Climb: A ... a couple that grew stronger together through the faith they shared to overcome struggles ... is the creation of published author, Barbara J. Corcoran, a retired teacher and happily ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/7/2017)... (NYSE: DPLO), the nation,s largest independent specialty pharmacy, announced financial ... unless otherwise noted, are to the quarter ended June 30, ... 2017 Highlights include: Revenue of $1,126 ... Total prescriptions dispensed of 220,000, compared to 241,000 ... Gross profit per prescription dispensed of $371, ...
(Date:8/4/2017)... , Aug. 3, 2017  Agragen, LLC, ... company active in the biopharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and aquacultural ... development of its lead drug candidates, AGR131.  This ... proinflammatory cytokine from the blood of patients suffering ... and inflammatory bowel disease. ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... , Aug. 2, 2017   Marshall County Hospital in Benton, Kentucky ... reduce the risk of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). The new addition, Tru-D SmartUVC , short ... to kill deadly pathogens such as C. diff , MRSA, MERS, Ebola and more. ... Tru-D SmartUVC ... Tru-D in action in a patient room ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: