Navigation Links
Fixed appliances best and cheapest
Date:10/25/2011

Society could save millions of crowns each year if more children were fitted with fixed appliances. This is shown in unique studies performed by Sofia Petrn, a dentist and orthodontic specialist at the Department of Orthodontics at Malm University in Sweden.

Calculations indicate that at least ten percent of all eight- and nine-year-olds in Sweden have so-called crossbite.

This means that the children's upper and lower jaws are different in width and do not line up against each other when they bite their jaws together. If this problem is not corrected, the children can experience pain in the jaw, facial muscles, and jaw joints. Their face can also become asymmetrical.

In randomized studies, Sofia Petrn investigated four methods of treatment: fixed appliance (Quad Helix), removable appliance (expansion plate), composite construction on the molars of the lower jaw, and no action in the hope that the problem will straighten itself out. A total of 70 children were involved in the four groups.

The results show that neither the composite construction nor no action has any effect on crossbite. The other two treatments are effective, both in the short and long term, but the fixed appliance yielded clearly superior results.

"The fixed appliance entail that the children are treated 24 hours a day. The removable plate means that the children need the help of their parents, and it happens that they forget it sometimes, which affects the outcome of treatment," says Sofia Petrn.

There's a big difference in the cost of the various treatment methods, both direct and indirect, according to Sofia Petrn, who arrived at these results in her dissertation Correction of Unilateral Posterior Crossbite in the Mixed Dentition, submitted to the Faculty of Odontology at Malm University.

The fixed appliance is also the cheapest. Sofia Petrn compared the costs, both direct and indirect, and found that society could save SEK 32 million per year if all children with unilateral crossbite were treated with fixed braces. Part of the difference is due to the fact that children who are treated with removable appliances sometimes need to be treated again because the treatment failed.

But even if all treatments with removable appliances were successful, the annual cost would still be more than SEK 12 million compared with fixed braces.

"Today both treatments are equally common in clinics, but I maintain we should use the method that works best, has a lasting effect, and is most cost-effective."

Even though orthodontic appliances have been used for more than 100 years, the scientific evidence for different treatments is very patchy, something that SBU, the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment, drew attention to in a 2005 report.

Sofia Petrn's dissertation fills a gap in our knowledge that will probably lead to changes in treatment routines. The finding that children's bite problems do not sort themselves out spontaneously means that county councils that postpone treatment to save money will be facing even higher costs in the long run.

"When children are treated in their teens, the treatment is more complicated and costly," says Sofia Petrn, who wants to study how children's quality of life is affected during and after treatment.


'/>"/>
Contact: Magnus Sjholm
magnus.sjoholm@mah.se
46-707-890-714
Swedish Research Council
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. WPS Health Insurance Announces Fixed-Rate Individual Health Insurance Plan for Wisconsinites Ages 60-64
2. Fetal Exposure to Magnetic Fields From Appliances, Power Lines May Up Kids Asthma Risk
3. DiscountSupplements.com Launches Website With the Cheapest Supplements Prices and Fastest Shipping
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... The weather is heating up and the days are ... should be aware that the summer months provide more than warmer temperatures that are ... can be negatively affected from direct exposure to the sun. When it comes to ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... , ... June 23, 2017 , ... By scoring 100% ... ninth consecutive four-star rating from premier online charity evaluator, Charity Navigator, validating ANRF's work ... 1% of all charities reviewed by Charity Navigator and earns ANRF a spot on ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... plastic surgeon practicing in Newburgh, New York, has recently begun offering three new ... to offering the best cutting-edge procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is excited ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Hills, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... plane facelift . Dr. Talei has come up with a proprietary technique that ... releases and lifts tissues that have dropped. For all ages, patients can expect to ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... MD ... Florida. This is MD Now’s 28th facility overall and marks the urgent care center's ... located one mile North of The Falls shopping mall. The new clinic offers a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)...  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), will host its fiscal ... July 28, 2017, beginning at 7:30 a.m. (CDT) / 8:30 ... To participate in the conference call, dial (877) 304-8969 (domestic) ... least 10 minutes prior to the start to allow time ... Webcast: A simultaneous webcast of the ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... , June 16, 2017  Exactly 50 years ago ... off what later became known as the San Francisco "Summer ... ) is unveiling two radical innovations in strategic market research ... This announcement marks the beginning of Northern Light,s "Summer of ... ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... -- In 2016, Embodied Labs took top prize ... came away with $25,000 in seed-fund investment. Embodied Labs ... "entering the life of another" and by the Journal ... medical professionals in an entirely new dimension." Building upon ... for the Department of Education,s EdSimChallenge, where they received ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: