Navigation Links
Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers
Date:7/9/2014

AUDIO: The gunshot is a binaural recording using KEMAR, the weapon was an SA80 assault rifle and the microphone is 50m downrange from the firer and approximately 30cm from the bullet...

Click here for more information.

University of Southampton researchers, with assistance from the Ministry of Defence, have conducted the first study to identify the hearing requirements of British soldiers fighting on the frontline.

The study, which provides an important and novel insight into the frontline experiences of British infantry personnel, identified 17 'auditory tasks', such as 'hearing grid references' and 'locating enemy movement in maize fields', carried out on operational duties abroad.

By identifying these tasks, researchers will be able to develop a new auditory fitness for duty test to determine the impact of hearing loss among infantry personnel and ensure that personnel are given appropriate training and equipment before deployment.

Zo Bevis, from the University's Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR) and study co-author, says: "This new information allows us to better understand the challenges faced by our frontline soldiers.

"As well as identifying the auditory tasks, we also came across other interesting opinions during the study. Soldiers felt that they couldn't hear as well when they were performing several tasks at once, for instance listening to a radio while looking out for a signal, or when they are in a very stressful environment, such as enemy contact in combat.

AUDIO: This is an example of a command recorded through a military radio headset.

Click here for more information.

"Those comments emphasise how important it is for the infantry to hear important signals whilst maintaining their situational awareness. Participants felt their hearing played a fundamental part in their safety and their ability to carry out the job expected of them."

The study, which is published in Noise and Health journal, consisted of 16 focus groups involving 80 British army personnel. The focus groups included open-ended questions about the auditory tasks performed on operational duty; these tasks were divided into subthemes of sound detection, speech communication and sound localisation.

Analysis of 1,177 individual comments resulted in two main themes (1) the auditory tasks personnel were expected to perform and (2) situations where personnel felt their hearing ability was reduced. Researchers also outlined attitudes to hearing health, noise exposure and hearing protection.

Zo adds: "We know that infantry personnel are at increased risk of hearing impairment due to the nature of their job. With this new information, we can develop methods to assess whether hearing impaired soldiers can perform the frontline auditory tasks necessary for their safety and effectiveness."

AUDIO: This is an example of a battlefield command recorded through a military radio headset.

Click here for more information.

The opinions and attitudes documented in this study will help researchers to gain a real insight into the challenging environments faced by infantry personnel fighting on the frontline. The information can be used to aid the continuing development of communication equipment, hearing protection, training programmes and measures of auditory fitness.

The study also provides a model for job analysis that is transferable to many fields of work-related fitness for duty for example respiratory fitness standards for policemen or eyesight checks for air traffic controllers.


'/>"/>

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds kidney donation safe for healthy older adults
2. NCI study finds extreme obesity may shorten life expectancy up to 14 years
3. Study shows link between inflammation in maternal blood and schizophrenia in offspring
4. Study reveals protective role for specialized cells in intestinal and respiratory systems
5. Infant toenails reveal in utero exposure to low-level arsenic, Dartmouth study finds
6. $12.6 million NIH grant to study genetics of Alzheimers disease
7. New study reveals how tumors remodel their surroundings to grow
8. Study finds higher risk for celiac disease in some children
9. New study will discover why women freeze their eggs
10. New study discovers biological basis for magic mushroom mind expansion
11. Twin study links community socioeconomic deprivation to sleep duration
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Talix today ... Practice , will be presenting at the 2016 HIMSS Annual Conference & Exhibition, ... , During his session, “ Coding for Care: Using Data Analytics for Risk ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... Be ... new office in the heart of Old Town at 108 South Columbus St, Suite ... businesses the highest level of medical care in the convenience of their homes, offices ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... MA (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... The ... overpaying for IT services, what questions to ask your IT consultant before signing a ... access to your computer network. , “With companies relying heavily on e-mail and technology, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 10, ... ... Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) practitioner, is known locally for a series of therapeutic sessions ... be in-the-moment in their characters and in their lives. The series, known as ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... company is unveiling its revolutionary new 2.0 version at the International Roofing Expo ... “put the power of the world's most advanced weather technology in the hands ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)...  AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ACRX ) today ... the 38th annual John A. Boswick , ... being held February 14-18, 2016 in Hawaii ... in wound healing, burn care, and infection control, and ... Burns Association, Academy of Physicians in Wound Care and ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  NanoViricides, Inc. ... it has entered into an agreement with the ... nanoviricides® drug candidates in standard animal models of ... , Research Director. Dr. Romanowski has extensive experience ... --> Eric Romanowski , Research ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Israel , Feb. 11, 2016  Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. ... company focused on the development of a once-daily, oral ... that its Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Maya Halpern ... Galmed as Chief Medical Officer and from its Board ... to her reaching retirement age. Allen Baharaff ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: