Navigation Links
Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers
Date:7/9/2014

AUDIO: The gunshot is a binaural recording using KEMAR, the weapon was an SA80 assault rifle and the microphone is 50m downrange from the firer and approximately 30cm from the bullet...

Click here for more information.

University of Southampton researchers, with assistance from the Ministry of Defence, have conducted the first study to identify the hearing requirements of British soldiers fighting on the frontline.

The study, which provides an important and novel insight into the frontline experiences of British infantry personnel, identified 17 'auditory tasks', such as 'hearing grid references' and 'locating enemy movement in maize fields', carried out on operational duties abroad.

By identifying these tasks, researchers will be able to develop a new auditory fitness for duty test to determine the impact of hearing loss among infantry personnel and ensure that personnel are given appropriate training and equipment before deployment.

Zo Bevis, from the University's Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR) and study co-author, says: "This new information allows us to better understand the challenges faced by our frontline soldiers.

"As well as identifying the auditory tasks, we also came across other interesting opinions during the study. Soldiers felt that they couldn't hear as well when they were performing several tasks at once, for instance listening to a radio while looking out for a signal, or when they are in a very stressful environment, such as enemy contact in combat.

AUDIO: This is an example of a command recorded through a military radio headset.

Click here for more information.

"Those comments emphasise how important it is for the infantry to hear important signals whilst maintaining their situational awareness. Participants felt their hearing played a fundamental part in their safety and their ability to carry out the job expected of them."

The study, which is published in Noise and Health journal, consisted of 16 focus groups involving 80 British army personnel. The focus groups included open-ended questions about the auditory tasks performed on operational duty; these tasks were divided into subthemes of sound detection, speech communication and sound localisation.

Analysis of 1,177 individual comments resulted in two main themes (1) the auditory tasks personnel were expected to perform and (2) situations where personnel felt their hearing ability was reduced. Researchers also outlined attitudes to hearing health, noise exposure and hearing protection.

Zo adds: "We know that infantry personnel are at increased risk of hearing impairment due to the nature of their job. With this new information, we can develop methods to assess whether hearing impaired soldiers can perform the frontline auditory tasks necessary for their safety and effectiveness."

AUDIO: This is an example of a battlefield command recorded through a military radio headset.

Click here for more information.

The opinions and attitudes documented in this study will help researchers to gain a real insight into the challenging environments faced by infantry personnel fighting on the frontline. The information can be used to aid the continuing development of communication equipment, hearing protection, training programmes and measures of auditory fitness.

The study also provides a model for job analysis that is transferable to many fields of work-related fitness for duty for example respiratory fitness standards for policemen or eyesight checks for air traffic controllers.


'/>"/>

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds kidney donation safe for healthy older adults
2. NCI study finds extreme obesity may shorten life expectancy up to 14 years
3. Study shows link between inflammation in maternal blood and schizophrenia in offspring
4. Study reveals protective role for specialized cells in intestinal and respiratory systems
5. Infant toenails reveal in utero exposure to low-level arsenic, Dartmouth study finds
6. $12.6 million NIH grant to study genetics of Alzheimers disease
7. New study reveals how tumors remodel their surroundings to grow
8. Study finds higher risk for celiac disease in some children
9. New study will discover why women freeze their eggs
10. New study discovers biological basis for magic mushroom mind expansion
11. Twin study links community socioeconomic deprivation to sleep duration
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many families have long-term ... long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care if the client has a ... when the family pays for care, is often waived, so the benefits from their ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for professional ... action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City in June. ... a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at ... of the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The ... that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Coveros, a leader in agile coaching services ... by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The Enterprise Agile Transformation ... Agile methodologies in a consistent and high value manner across CMS programs. Coveros ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... “America On The Brink”: the Christian history of the ... is the creation of published author, William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, ... he spent thirty years in the Navy. Following his career as a naval ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/18/2017)... , Sept. 18, 2017 ... fields of bioinformatics and immune engineering, today ... protective avian influenza A (H7N9) vaccine. ... related to seasonal influenza and presents a ... on prior exposure to be effective. Using ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... PARIS and NEW YORK , Sept. 12, ... ethical performance ratings for global supply chains, has published the first annual ... the CSR performance of more than 20,400 companies evaluated by EcoVadis, based ... years 2015 and 2016. ... EcoVadis Global CSR Risk & Performance Index ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... 12, 2017  ValGenesis Inc., the global leader ... pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. ... Board of Directors and Chairman of Advisory Board ... science companies to manage their entire validation lifecycle ... in this process. Furthermore, ValGenesis VLMS enables rigorous ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: