Navigation Links
Fit for the frontline? New study identifies the hearing requirements of British soldiers
Date:7/9/2014

AUDIO: The gunshot is a binaural recording using KEMAR, the weapon was an SA80 assault rifle and the microphone is 50m downrange from the firer and approximately 30cm from the bullet...

Click here for more information.

University of Southampton researchers, with assistance from the Ministry of Defence, have conducted the first study to identify the hearing requirements of British soldiers fighting on the frontline.

The study, which provides an important and novel insight into the frontline experiences of British infantry personnel, identified 17 'auditory tasks', such as 'hearing grid references' and 'locating enemy movement in maize fields', carried out on operational duties abroad.

By identifying these tasks, researchers will be able to develop a new auditory fitness for duty test to determine the impact of hearing loss among infantry personnel and ensure that personnel are given appropriate training and equipment before deployment.

Zo Bevis, from the University's Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR) and study co-author, says: "This new information allows us to better understand the challenges faced by our frontline soldiers.

"As well as identifying the auditory tasks, we also came across other interesting opinions during the study. Soldiers felt that they couldn't hear as well when they were performing several tasks at once, for instance listening to a radio while looking out for a signal, or when they are in a very stressful environment, such as enemy contact in combat.

AUDIO: This is an example of a command recorded through a military radio headset.

Click here for more information.

"Those comments emphasise how important it is for the infantry to hear important signals whilst maintaining their situational awareness. Participants felt their hearing played a fundamental part in their safety and their ability to carry out the job expected of them."

The study, which is published in Noise and Health journal, consisted of 16 focus groups involving 80 British army personnel. The focus groups included open-ended questions about the auditory tasks performed on operational duty; these tasks were divided into subthemes of sound detection, speech communication and sound localisation.

Analysis of 1,177 individual comments resulted in two main themes (1) the auditory tasks personnel were expected to perform and (2) situations where personnel felt their hearing ability was reduced. Researchers also outlined attitudes to hearing health, noise exposure and hearing protection.

Zo adds: "We know that infantry personnel are at increased risk of hearing impairment due to the nature of their job. With this new information, we can develop methods to assess whether hearing impaired soldiers can perform the frontline auditory tasks necessary for their safety and effectiveness."

AUDIO: This is an example of a battlefield command recorded through a military radio headset.

Click here for more information.

The opinions and attitudes documented in this study will help researchers to gain a real insight into the challenging environments faced by infantry personnel fighting on the frontline. The information can be used to aid the continuing development of communication equipment, hearing protection, training programmes and measures of auditory fitness.

The study also provides a model for job analysis that is transferable to many fields of work-related fitness for duty for example respiratory fitness standards for policemen or eyesight checks for air traffic controllers.


'/>"/>

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds kidney donation safe for healthy older adults
2. NCI study finds extreme obesity may shorten life expectancy up to 14 years
3. Study shows link between inflammation in maternal blood and schizophrenia in offspring
4. Study reveals protective role for specialized cells in intestinal and respiratory systems
5. Infant toenails reveal in utero exposure to low-level arsenic, Dartmouth study finds
6. $12.6 million NIH grant to study genetics of Alzheimers disease
7. New study reveals how tumors remodel their surroundings to grow
8. Study finds higher risk for celiac disease in some children
9. New study will discover why women freeze their eggs
10. New study discovers biological basis for magic mushroom mind expansion
11. Twin study links community socioeconomic deprivation to sleep duration
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... WHO: , Dr. Paul ... , WHAT: , Medical doctors and PhD scientists will speak to the press on ... Trump in support of an independent vaccine safety commission. , WHERE: , Zenger ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA) ... as its new executive director. Mr. Still was selected through a careful months-long search ... as he is known to our members, has been a part of building the ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... physicians, Paul Yost, will begin serving as new board chair for Orange County ... Yost will serve the remainder of soon-to-be former chair Mark Refowitz’s term, which ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Neurotechnology , a provider of ... attendance tracking products: the new NCheck Cloud Bio Attendance cloud-based service and the ... face recognition to enable users to check in and out from anywhere via ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... MA (PRWEB) , ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... for direct measurement of corrosive ions found in power plant water and steam. ... components such as turbines and boilers, leading to extensive maintenance and unplanned shutdowns. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/28/2017)... March 28, 2017  Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, ... of transformational progress for Orexigen, beginning with the re-acquisition ... Commencing early March, the team at Orexigen demonstrated remarkable ... which reshaped and strengthened our Company while rewarding us ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... BOSTON , March 28, 2017  Market ... today announced a partnership with premium news content ... pharmaceutical companies to extract key insights from Dow ... mining technology. The Linguamatics I2E platform ... 20 global pharmaceutical companies. The Linguamatics-Dow Jones partnership ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... 28, 2017  AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ACRX), ... and commercialization of innovative therapies for the treatment ... Medicines Agency (EMA) has notified the company that ... Authorisation Application (MAA) has passed validation, and that ... The MAA for ARX-04 (known as DSUVIA™ in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: