New York, NY (August 29, 2007) A study, published in the September issue of the American Journal of Nursing (AJN), provides new insight into the work experiences of newly-licensed RNs that may help reduce the turnover rate of hospital nurses. The national study is the first to explore attitudes and experiences among newly-licensed RNs (those who received their first or basic RN license by passing the NCLEX) in their first 18 months of employment.
A shortage of 340,000 RNs is projected by 2020, said Christine Kovner, PhD, RN, FAAN, professor at New York University College of Nursing and lead author of the study. Therefore, it is vital that we understand the factors that promote the retention of newly-licensed RNs as well as factors that lead to the high turnover rates among them. We plan to continue surveying these RNs for two more years and develop predictive models of turnover, based on our findings.More than 84% of respondents worked in a hospital inpatient setting. Those whose first professional degree was an associates degree (58.1%) were more intent on leaving their jobs than those whose first professional degree was a bachelors degree (37.6%).
Among those newly-licensed RNs who had already left their first job (n=610), the most common reasons cited were poor management (41.8%), stressful work conditions (37.2%) and wanting to get experience in a different clinical area (34.1%).
More than half (51%) of respondents worked voluntary overtime and almost 13% worked mandatory overtime. The majority (61%) worked nights, evenings or rotating shifts. They also reported that (62.78%) of respondents said that work interfered with their family life at least one to four days a month. Twenty-nine percent of the respondents reported a change in supervisor, which can reduce the stability of management.
Among on-the-job injuries, 25% of respondents reported at least one needle-stick injury; 39% at least one s
|Contact: Cindy Gessell|
American Journal of Nursing