Navigation Links
First breakdown of public health data for Cleveland neighborhoods
Date:2/29/2012

Today, the Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods of Case Western Reserve University release new health data from Cleveland neighborhood groups on three of the most pressing public health concerns: obesity, hypertension, and diabetes.

The three data briefs statistical public health publications group Cleveland neighborhoods and provide prevalence estimates for diabetes, hypertension awareness and obesity using five years of local survey data. Previously, these measures were only available for the city of Cleveland.

"This data allow the local public health community to measure chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure down to the neighborhood level. We are committed to ongoing data collection to show how 'place matters' where you live makes a difference," says Elaine Borawski, PhD, the Angela Bowen Williamson Professorship in Community Nutrition at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, primary investigator and co-director of the PRCHN at Case Western Reserve University, and co-author of the data briefs. "Most important, we now have a tool to examine how local initiatives to prevent and reduce chronic disease in our community can be shown to be effective." Dr. Borawski's co-author was David Bruckman, MS, PhD candidate in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics in the School of Medicine and core faculty, PRCHN of Case Western Reserve University. He also serves as the biostatistician for the City of Cleveland Department of Public Health.

This new research reveals trends and differences by neighborhood group, age, race and sex among Cleveland adults. The local survey data comes from the Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) collected from 2005 through 2009.

"These very compelling data briefs illuminate the impact of race and place on health disparities related to the burden of diabetes, hypertension and obesity in Greater Cleveland," says Terry Allan, MPH, health commissioner, Cuyahoga County Board of Health. "They offer the opportunity to focus increasingly precious resources on community programs and academic research initiatives to reduce this unacceptable gap."

New findings detailed in the data briefs include:

  • Overall, the highest levels of hypertension, diabetes and obesity were consistently found in the city's southeast neighborhoods, which include South Broadway, Union-Miles, Corlett, Mt. Pleasant and Lee-Miles.
  • Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a highly prevalent chronic disease among Cleveland adults and far higher than elsewhere in the state or the nation. Nearly 70 percent of Cleveland's older adults reported being diagnosed with hypertension. From 2005 through 2009, hypertension was reported more often in Cleveland black adults than among Cleveland white adults (40.8 versus 32.9 percent). However, the disease's prevalence increased significantly in 2008-2009 among Cleveland white adults. High blood pressure awareness prevalence did not change significantly among black Cleveland adults in 2008-2009 compared to 2005-2007. Throughout the survey time span, hypertension prevalence was highest among residents in southeast Cleveland (South Broadway, Union-Miles, Corlett, Mt. Pleasant and Lee-Miles) that among west and southwest Cleveland residents, which includes Cleveland neighborhoods from Riverside and Kamm's Corners to Old Brooklyn and Brooklyn-Center.
  • The percent of obese Cleveland adults was greatest among those 30-49, females and black. Obesity prevalence was highest among adults living in southeast neighborhoods.
  • Diabetes prevalence is most common among Cleveland adults age 65 years and older; one in four survey respondents said they were told that he/she has diabetes by a health professional at some time during the survey period. Diabetes is as common among Cleveland females as males and between white and black Cleveland adults. The percent of adults with diabetes did not differ across the seven Cleveland neighborhood groups.

"The collection and analysis of this critical information will help to inform and guide the City of Cleveland's public health policies and strategies. It will also serve as an important assessment tool for the Healthy Cleveland Initiative," says Karen K. Butler, director of public health, City of Cleveland.

Seven groups of Cleveland neighborhoods are included in the data briefs: East (Downtown, Central, Goodrich-Kirtland Park, St. Clair-Superior, Fairfax, Hough, and University); Northeast (Glenville, Forest Hills, North and South Collinwood, and Euclid-Green); Eastern Corridor (Industrial Valley, North Broadway, Kinsman, Woodland Hills, and Buckeye-Shaker); Southeast (South Broadway, Union-Miles, Corlett, Mt. Pleasant, and Lee-Miles); Northwest (Edgewater, Cudell, Detroit-Shoreway, and Ohio City/Near West Side and Tremont); South/Southwest (West Boulevard, Stockyards, Clark-Fulton, Brooklyn-Center, and Old Brooklyn); and West (Riverside, Puritas-Longmead, Kamms Corner, and Jefferson).

The data briefs use maps, tables and charts to illustrate differences in these conditions by age, sex, race, across study periods 2005-2007 and 2008-2009, and by Cleveland neighborhoods. These three reports continue Case Western Reserve's legacy of providing research-based health information, education, and opportunities for improved well-being to the community. The briefs and more detailed statistical information can be found at http://prchn.org/cleveland-neighborhood-data-br/.


'/>"/>
Contact: Jessica Studeny
jessica.studeny@case.edu
216-368-4692
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Rapid Flu Tests a Good First Step: Study
2. First study on long-term cognitive effects of breast cancer chemotherapy finds subtle impairment among women who received CMF regimen
3. Mount Sinai first to use visually guided catheter ablation system to treat AFib patient
4. As diabetes emerges, researchers track diseases first steps
5. First-in-human drug for malignant glioma available in experimental trial
6. Does Abortion in First Trimester Raise Risk of Mental Ills Return?
7. FDA approves new skin cancer drug first tested in Arizona by Scottsdale Healthcare and TGen
8. Bariatric surgery in adolescents improves obesity-related diseases within first 2 years
9. Erlotinib dose-adjusted for smoking status effective as first treatment for head and neck cancer
10. Autism Speaks first Philip and Faith Geier Autism Environmental Sciences Research grant
11. Scientists report first step in strategy for cell replacement therapy in Parkinsons disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Brenntag Specialties, Inc.(BSI) , ... Food & Beverage and Dietary Supplement market segments across the ... USA geographies east of the Rocky Mountains since 2012. Consistent performance in ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... LA, celebrates the beginning of a new charity campaign. As part of their ... Special Advocates (CASA). In the belief that children deserve a voice, and in ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... A man who has struggled to quit smoking, a man who has struggled ... to find solutions to his problems – and he did. Now Nabat, a serial entrepreneur ... introduce his breakthrough inventions to the world and better people's lives. His own experience with ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... ... If you are feeling that your clothes are a tad snug, the ... Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 34.9% of U.S. adult women are overweight. ... some of the leading causes of preventable death. February is heart health month ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Hilton Head Island, SC (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... Head and surrounding areas with a vital new community enrichment program, has teamed up ... to local women and children suffering from intimate abuse. To support all those victimized ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Syneron Medical Ltd. ... device company, announced today that William Griffing ... America, is scheduled to participate in the Leerink ... on February 11, 2016 in New ... institutional investors to meet with the Mr. Griffing ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... 5, 2016 ... the "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: Deal ... to their offering. --> ... the "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: Deal ... to their offering. --> ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, ... of the previously announced underwritten secondary offering of 11,027,558 ... stockholders, consisting of affiliates of Blackstone and Goldman Sachs. ... an initial price of $96.45 per share. The selling ... offering.  Neither Zimmer Biomet nor any of its directors, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: