Navigation Links
Fighting Cancer With a Pen

Research finds that 'expressive writing' helps to ease patients' burden

FRIDAY, March 14 (HealthDay News) -- When 69-year-old Carl Irwin arrived at Georgetown University's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center for treatment of lymphoma, he was handed a blank notebook and asked to write about how his cancer had changed him and how he felt about those changes.

Propped on a recliner chair, an IV in his left arm and a pen in his right hand, Irwin wrote about how he had confronted his cancer head on from the first diagnosis, how he had assembled what he called an "advisory" team, and how he felt he had made the right choice by entering a clinical trial to try to treat his disease.

"It [writing] helped my confidence immensely," said Irwin, whose journaling was part of another trial being conducted at Lombardi, in Washington, D.C. "Sometimes my brain doesn't kick in till I write."

Plenty of previous research has uncovered physical and psychological benefits to so-called expressive writing among diverse groups of patients, including people with chronic illnesses such as arthritis and asthma. Most of those studies were done in a controlled, laboratory setting.

The Georgetown study involved patients in an actual hospital setting.

"We were looking for feasibility," said Nancy Morgan, lead author of the study chronicling the Lombardi writing experiment that was published in the February issue of The Oncologist. "Our goal was to try it in the real world."

For the study, 63 patients with leukemia or lymphoma were asked when they arrived at the hospital to complete a 20-minute writing exercise as well as pre- and post-writing surveys and a telephone follow-up three weeks later.

Almost half of the participants said writing had changed how they thought about their illness and led to improvement in their quality of life, while 35 percent said writing changed how they felt about the cancer.

Sixty of the 63 people wrote "quite positively," Morgan said. "That blew my mind."

A software program helped the researchers analyze the writing for themes, words and phrases indicating how cancer had transformed the patients' lives. But Morgan said she was most interested in what people had to say, how they felt about their experience with the disease.

"Basically, we were trying to stick to thoughts and feelings rather than the facts," she said. "Writing about facts doesn't get you anywhere."

"A lot of them wrote in the survey, 'I hate thinking about cancer but writing helped me process it and I feel better, it helped me create a script of things I want to say to my family.' They were saying they just couldn't deal and writing helped them deal," said Morgan, a writing clinician and director of Lombardi's Arts & Humanities Program.

Expressive writing has now been incorporated into the hospital's arts and humanities program and is part of general patient orientation, when Morgan makes a presentation and hands out blank journals.

Some trial participants have incorporated the practice into their lives.

"I started writing updates for relatives and close friends, and I still do that to this day," two years after the trial, Irwin said. "They just about always reply."

Sandi Stromberg teaches a class, "Journaling: The Healing Power of Story," for patients and caregivers at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.

"They say, 'I don't want to just sit here moaning about my cancer or my loved one's cancer," she said. "For cancer patients, the whole story becomes cancer. They forget they led perfectly normal, functioning lives before cancer."

Stromberg uses non-cancer related prompts such as "Write about your first car." Invariably, the patients want to share what they've written, and they bond strongly to each other.

"One time I had a man, I didn't think he would take part, and he did, and he started to cry," Stromberg recalled. "The woman next to him had the same cancer and was a four-year survivor. She put her hand on his wrist and said, 'I understand right where you are.' And he looked at her, and he said, 'Thank you,' with a big smile on his face."

More information

Visit the University of Texas for practical information on writing and health.

SOURCES: Nancy P. Morgan, M.A., writing clinician, and director, Arts & Humanities Program, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.; Carl Irwin, 69, research administrator, West Virginia University, Morgantown; Sandi Stromberg, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston; February 2008, The Oncologist

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Pelosi: We Will Keep Fighting Next Year to Cover 10 Million Children and Improve Benefits for Low-Income Seniors
2. Fighting diseases of aging by wasting energy
3. Tel Aviv University gives preemies a fighting chance
4. Germ-Fighting Inhaler Could Fend Off Bioterror Agents
5. Handwashing, Masks Beat Drugs at Fighting Flu
6. Fighting obesity may be as easy as ATP, says UH researcher
7. The Power of Community in Fighting HIV/AIDS Among Latinos
8. Family Infighting Hurts the Heart
9. Fighting the Gassy Effects of Good Eating, From the Harvard Health Letter
10. Clean Hands are Key to Fighting Cold, Flu Germs
11. Their immune cells, fighting your cancer
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... Fla. (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... opened the driverless vehicle experience this summer, ushering in a new era of ... percent driverless and electric shuttle, will continue to offer guests an up-close look ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... The presidential race normally deals with political issues of ... a national news story when Donald Trump makes disparaging remarks about Hillary Clinton’s hairstyle? ... than anyone wants to admit when it comes to how people are viewed by ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... continuing education course in Dallas, TX, on January 29 and 30, 2016. The ... improve the functions of their practices, to learn how to better succeed in ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... component of bacteria could be effective in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one ... , Their study showed that small molecule analogs that target the functions of ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... Dr. Seth D. Margulies specializes in orthodontics and is ... Margulies to experience the best available orthodontic experience in the area. Dr. Margulies ... , Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... -- IBA Molecular North America, Inc. (IBAMNA), a U.S. leader ... as of January 1, 2016, it will do business ... rebrand the company reflects a refined vision for the ... relationship with Zevacor Molecular.  Both IBAMNA and Zevacor Molecular ... Peter Burke , Vice President Sales and ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... -- North America was valued at ... a CAGR of 7.6% from 2015 to 2020. --> ... in 2014, and is expected to grow at a CAGR of ... new Market Research Report "North America Cardiac Output Monitoring Devices Market ... care, others) - Analysis And Forecast To 2020", the cardiac output ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015  Kevin Smith ... Sensium Healthcare, a global pioneer in wireless monitoring ... Boston, MA , Mr. Smith will ... Sensium,s global commercial strategy.  He will also directly ... to build clinical evidence for SensiumVitals, the first ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: