Navigation Links
Few health problems are caused by vaccines, IOM report finds

WASHINGTON An analysis of more than 1,000 research articles concluded that few health problems are caused by or clearly associated with vaccines. A committee of experts convened by the Institute of Medicine to review the scientific literature on possible adverse effects of vaccines found convincing evidence of 14 health outcomes -- including seizures, inflammation of the brain, and fainting -- that can be caused by certain vaccines, although these outcomes occur rarely. It also found indicative though less clear data on associations between specific vaccines and four other effects, such as allergic reactions and temporary joint pain. In addition, the evidence shows there are no links between immunization and some serious conditions that have raised concerns, including Type 1 diabetes and autism. The data were inadequate to reach conclusions about other suggested adverse effects.

The review will help the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) administer the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). VICP is committed to using science-based evidence to inform its decisions about vaccine-related adverse effects, and HHS turned to IOM to provide a comprehensive review of study results on eight vaccines covered by the program. The report's findings will be useful to all stakeholders involved in vaccine compensation decisions, including VICP staff, people filing claims, special masters that rule on vaccine cases, and others.

Convincing evidence shows that the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine can lead to fever-triggered seizures in some individuals, although these effects are almost always without long-term consequences, the report says. The MMR vaccine also can produce a rare form of brain inflammation in some people with severe immune system deficiencies. In a minority of patients, the varicella vaccine against chickenpox can induce brain swelling, pneumonia, hepatitis, meningitis, shingles, and chickenpox in immunocompromised patients as well as some who apparently have competent immune function, the committee found. The majority of these problems have occurred in individuals with immunodeficiencies, which increase individuals' susceptibility to the live viruses used in MMR and varicella. Six vaccines -- MMR, varicella, influenza, hepatitis B, meningococcal, and the tetanus-containing vaccines -- can trigger anaphylaxis, an allergic reaction that appears shortly after injection. And, in general, the injection of vaccines can trigger fainting and inflammation of the shoulder, the committee noted.

The evidence suggests that certain vaccines can lead to four other adverse effects, although the data on these links are not as convincing, the report says. The MMR vaccine appears to trigger short-term joint pain in some women and children. Some people can experience anaphylaxis after receiving the HPV vaccine. And certain influenza vaccines used abroad have resulted in a mild, temporary oculo-respiratory syndrome characterized by conjunctivitis, facial swelling, and mild respiratory symptoms.

The committee's review also concluded that certain vaccines are not linked to four specific conditions. The MMR vaccine and diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) do not cause Type 1 diabetes, and the MMR vaccine does not cause autism, according to the results of several studies. The evidence shows that the flu shot does not cause Bell's palsy or exacerbate asthma. Suggestions that vaccines can lead to these serious health problems have contributed to parental concerns about immunization for their children.

Establishing a cause-and-effect relationship between an agent and a health outcome requires solid evidence. The committee's conclusions are based on the strengths and weaknesses of several types of evidence, including biological, clinical, and epidemiological research. In many cases of suggested vaccine-related adverse outcomes, there is too little evidence, or the available evidence offers conflicting results or is otherwise inadequate to draw conclusions.

"With the start of the new school year, it's time to ensure that children are up to date on their immunizations, making this report's findings about the safety of these eight vaccines particularly timely," said committee chair Ellen Wright Clayton, professor of pediatrics and law, and director, Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. "The findings should be reassuring to parents that few health problems are clearly connected to immunizations, and these effects occur relatively rarely. And repeated study has made clear that some health problems are not caused by vaccines."

In accordance with its charge, the committee focused solely on findings about potential risks of immunizations. It did not examine information that would have allowed it to draw conclusions about the ratio of benefits to risks. However, the committee members noted that deaths and disability due to infectious diseases have been dramatically reduced over the last century since the majority of vaccines were developed and brought into widespread use.


Contact: Christine Stencel
National Academy of Sciences

Related medicine news :

1. Three-Quarters of U.S. Jobless Cant Afford Health Care: Report
2. Study: 85 percent of homeless people have chronic health conditions
3. Three-quarters of those who have lost jobs and health insurance are skipping needed health care
4. Three quarters of those who have lost jobs and health insurance are skipping needed health care
5. Alternative health-care funding in Canada will not lower costs
6. Kids of Unhealthy, Disadvantaged Moms More Likely to Be Sickly
7. Number of U.S. Kids With Public Health Insurance Rising
8. Respect for Muslims Beliefs Would Improve Their Health Care: Study
9. Long-term, intimate partnerships can promote unhealthy habits
10. Healthy Behaviors Will Help You Live Longer: CDC
11. Flu Shot Rates Low for Health Workers, Moms-to-Be: CDC
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Baptist Medical Center Jacksonville has ... the only hospital in the region providing what is known as the world’s ... patients were revealed recently at a medical conference and published in The New ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... TX (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... Dr. ... of Vitenas Cosmetic Surgery, has been named by MedEsthetics magazine as the Best Single ... of the best among the many elite aesthetic physicians honored by the industry publication. ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Growth in medical payments ... to decreases in utilization of hospital and nonhospital care, according to a recent study ... Benchmarks for Louisiana, 16th Edition , found medical payments per claim with more than ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... the 1980s we have seen vast improvements in scientific research and discoveries, leading ... strides, providing increased hope and relief to those affected by HIV/AIDS. Mediaplanet’s cross-platform ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... , ... It’s official: Tattoo taboo is a thing of the past. One ... (a whopping one in three aged 18 to 25 is inked). As tattoos transition ... ink. In fact, RealSelf , the world’s largest community for learning and sharing ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... , December 1, 2015 ... Contraceptive Injectables, Topical Contraceptives, Male Condoms, Female ... Vaginal Rings, Contraceptive Diaphragms, Contraceptive Sponges, Non-Surgical ... Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2014 ... Transparency Market Research (TMR).The report states that ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015  InCarda Therapeutics, Inc. (InCarda), a privately-held ... therapies for cardiovascular conditions via the inhalation route, today ... Australia . InCarda is planning to ... Australia in the first half of 2016. ... centers in Adelaide and Melbourne.  ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015 ) ... Alert Systems/Personal Emergency Response System (PERS) Market by ... Forecas" report to their offering. --> ... the "Medical Alert Systems/Personal Emergency Response System ... Geography - Global Forecas" report to their ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: