Navigation Links
Fetal Exposure to Substance Abuse Changes Brain Structure

Mom's use of tobacco, alcohol, drugs may affect kids into early adolescence, study shows

MONDAY, April 7 (HealthDay News) -- Babies born to women who use cocaine, alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy may have brain structure changes that persist into early adolescence, a new U.S. study says.

Researchers at Children's Hospital Boston and the Boston Medical Center used MRI scans to study the brains of 35 children, average age 12, who were exposed to the substances while in the womb.

"We found that reductions in cortical gray matter and total brain volumes were associated with prenatal exposure to cocaine, alcohol or cigarettes," study first author Dr. Michael Rivkin, a neurologist at Children's Hospital Boston, said in a prepared statement.

The more substances a child was exposed to, the greater the reduction in brain volume.

The study, published in the April issue of the journal Pediatrics, is the first to document joint long-term effects of prenatal cocaine, alcohol and tobacco exposure on brain structure, Rivkin said.

Previous studies that documented brain effects of prenatal alcohol exposure were mostly limited to children with fetal alcohol syndrome. Children with that condition were excluded from this new study.

Rivkin noted that his study was too small to find statistically significant effects of single substances after factoring in exposure to other substances, and was also too small to document the effects of different levels of prenatal exposure.

However, Rivkin said the overall findings are highly suggestive, and he and his colleagues would like to continue their research into this important public health matter. It's estimated that more than one million babies born each year in the United States have been exposed to at least one of these substance while in the womb.

Health-care providers should offer pregnant women comprehensive care to help them reduce the use of all harmful substances. And public health campaigns shouldn't ignore the risks of some substances while focusing on others, since the greater the number of total prenatal exposures, the more likely there will be harmful and lasting effects on a baby's developing brain, the study authors said.

More information

The American Pregnancy Association has more about pregnancy wellness.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Children's Hospital Boston, news release, April 7, 2008

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Fetal Cells Detected in Mothers Blood Years After Donor Egg Pregnancies
2. Autisms origins: Mothers antibody production may affect fetal brain
3. Eye Blinks May ID Fetal Alcohol Exposure
4. Fetal surgeon shows for first time that laser procedure may treat vasa previa
5. Fetal Alcohol Exposure May Prime Offspring for Alcoholism
6. Procedure to detect fetal heart defects is first automated use of 3-D ultrasound
7. Fetal Exposure to Arsenic Affects Genes
8. Fetal Heart Rate Points to Later Child Development
9. Fetal heart rate yields clues to childrens later development
10. Fetal Surgery Saves Baby After Early Water Break
11. Fetal cell transplant could be a hidden link between childbirth and reduced risk of breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/28/2015)... PA (PRWEB) , ... November 28, 2015 , ... Safe ... the creativity of two inventors, one from Lakewood, New Jersey and the other from ... developed the patent-pending PROTECTOR to save the expense of having to replace NuvaRings more ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an article published November ... meeting in Washington D.C. revolved around the fact that proper dental care, both at-home ... stressed the link between periodontal disease (more commonly referred to as gum disease) and ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... An ... way to dispense prescription medications at home, so he invented the patent-pending ELECTRONIC ... and dispense prescription medications. In doing so, it could help to prevent potential ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... MPWH, the No.1 Herpes-only dating community in the world, revealed that over 50% of ... than 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 – or 67% of the population ... global estimates of HSV-1 infection . , "The data shocks us highly!" said Michelle ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... innovative online platform for mental health and wellness consultation, has collaborated with a ... will bridge the knowledge gap experienced by parents and bring advice from parenting ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... Nov. 27, 2015  Lannett Company, Inc. (NYSE: ... completed the acquisition of Kremers Urban Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... global biopharmaceuticals company UCB S.A. (Euronext: UCB). ... has acquired KU from UCB for total consideration ... including a customary working capital adjustment, a deduction ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... UTRECHT , Países Bajos, November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... con la terapia fotodinámica de Bremachlorin para el cáncer ... combina la inmunoterapia con la terapia fotodinámica de Bremachlorin ... Un nuevo enfoque combina la inmunoterapia con la ...   Clinical Cancer Research . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... --> --> ... find optimal contrast weighting of MRI for patients with ... a research agreement with SyntheticMR in order to use SyMRI ... is possible to generate multiple contrast images from a single ... left, thus making it possible to both fine tune images ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: