Navigation Links
Fetal Exposure to Substance Abuse Changes Brain Structure
Date:4/7/2008

Mom's use of tobacco, alcohol, drugs may affect kids into early adolescence, study shows

MONDAY, April 7 (HealthDay News) -- Babies born to women who use cocaine, alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy may have brain structure changes that persist into early adolescence, a new U.S. study says.

Researchers at Children's Hospital Boston and the Boston Medical Center used MRI scans to study the brains of 35 children, average age 12, who were exposed to the substances while in the womb.

"We found that reductions in cortical gray matter and total brain volumes were associated with prenatal exposure to cocaine, alcohol or cigarettes," study first author Dr. Michael Rivkin, a neurologist at Children's Hospital Boston, said in a prepared statement.

The more substances a child was exposed to, the greater the reduction in brain volume.

The study, published in the April issue of the journal Pediatrics, is the first to document joint long-term effects of prenatal cocaine, alcohol and tobacco exposure on brain structure, Rivkin said.

Previous studies that documented brain effects of prenatal alcohol exposure were mostly limited to children with fetal alcohol syndrome. Children with that condition were excluded from this new study.

Rivkin noted that his study was too small to find statistically significant effects of single substances after factoring in exposure to other substances, and was also too small to document the effects of different levels of prenatal exposure.

However, Rivkin said the overall findings are highly suggestive, and he and his colleagues would like to continue their research into this important public health matter. It's estimated that more than one million babies born each year in the United States have been exposed to at least one of these substance while in the womb.

Health-care providers should offer pregnant women comprehensive care to help them reduce the use of all harmful substances. And public health campaigns shouldn't ignore the risks of some substances while focusing on others, since the greater the number of total prenatal exposures, the more likely there will be harmful and lasting effects on a baby's developing brain, the study authors said.

More information

The American Pregnancy Association has more about pregnancy wellness.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: Children's Hospital Boston, news release, April 7, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Fetal Cells Detected in Mothers Blood Years After Donor Egg Pregnancies
2. Autisms origins: Mothers antibody production may affect fetal brain
3. Eye Blinks May ID Fetal Alcohol Exposure
4. Fetal surgeon shows for first time that laser procedure may treat vasa previa
5. Fetal Alcohol Exposure May Prime Offspring for Alcoholism
6. Procedure to detect fetal heart defects is first automated use of 3-D ultrasound
7. Fetal Exposure to Arsenic Affects Genes
8. Fetal Heart Rate Points to Later Child Development
9. Fetal heart rate yields clues to childrens later development
10. Fetal Surgery Saves Baby After Early Water Break
11. Fetal cell transplant could be a hidden link between childbirth and reduced risk of breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Pharmacy (SOP) alumni Hannah Randall, PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, ... guideline updates for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Apple Rehab Shelton Lakes , ... mock evacuation of the facility as part of a disaster drill on October 3rd. ... EMS and Shelton City Emergency Manager, as well as the Connecticut Long Term ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of ... collection of specialty vendors and unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event ... wellness services offered by the VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, November ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s ... Alexandria Park in Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s ... The fun run is geared towards children of all ages; it is a ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Talented host, actor Rob Lowe, ... in a new episode of "Success Files," which is an award-winning educational program ... investigates each subject in-depth with passion and integrity. , Sciatica occurs when the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... , Oct. 2, 2017  AllianceRx Walgreens Prime, ... formed by Walgreens and pharmacy benefit manager Prime Therapeutics ... new brand, which included the unveiling of new signage ... , as well as at a few other company-owned ... new brand to patients, some of whom will begin ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), will ... and webcast on Friday, November 3, 2017, beginning at ... at approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / 9:30 a.m. (EDT). ... financial performance and guidance for 2018, Hill-Rom executives will ... operational performance, and long-range financial outlook through 2020. ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... NEW YORK , Sept. 27, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: ... data solutions, today announced that its MyDario product is expected to appear ... listings for when The Dr. Oz Show airs in your area: ... The nine-time Emmy award-winning, The ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: