Navigation Links
'Fertilizing' bone marrow helps answer why some cancers spread to bones
Date:5/14/2012

ANN ARBOR, Mich.Researchers found that administering a common chemotherapy drug before bone tumors took root actually fertilized the bone marrow, enabling cancer cells, once introduced, to seed and grow more easily.

The findings provide valuable insight as to why some cancers metastasize to bone, and could eventually result in new metastasis-prevention drugs, said Laurie McCauley, professor in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry and principal investigator on the study.

The really good news is that researchers reversed the tumor-friendly effect of the drug, called cyclophosphamide, by inhibiting another cell-communicating protein in the bone marrow, called CCL2.

"This work is early and still at the pre-clinical level," said McCauley, who also has an appointment in the Department of Pathology at the U-M Health System. "However, the biggest potential impact is in metastasis preventive strategies.

"If we better understood the specific mediators, or conditions, in the bone marrow that support tumors, we could develop more effective therapeutics to prevent local cancers from spreading and hence reduce metastasis to the bone."

The study highlights the potential for the bone marrow to provide the right environment for tumors to metastasize, said Serk In Park, first author and a postdoctoral fellow in McCauley's lab. Many cancers, such as prostate and breast cancer, are fond of spreading, or metastasizing, to bones.

Researchers administered the chemotherapy drug cyclophosphamide experimentally to manipulate the environment inside the bone marrow prior to exposing experimental tumors. Cyclophosphamide therapy is used in certain cancers to slow cell growth, and McCauley's group experimented with its use in a pre-metastatic mode using a prostate cancer model.

While effective at attacking tumor cells, a side effect of cyclophosphamide (and many other chemotherapy drugs) is that it suppresses certain bone marrow cells that help the immune system and increases some harmful cells. Researchers hypothesized correctly that the drug would make the bone marrow more tumor-friendly.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Bailey
baileylm@umich.edu
734-647-1848
University of Michigan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Drug May Help Fight Rare Bone Marrow Disorder
2. Survival rates for pediatric bone marrow transplants top in nation
3. Bone marrow and blood stem cell transplant survival rates equal, when donor is unrelated to patient
4. Biomarker detects graft-versus-host-disease in cancer patients after bone marrow transplant
5. Bone marrow cells migrate to tumors and can slow their growth
6. New half-match bone marrow transplant procedure yields promising outcomes for cancer patients
7. Bone marrow transplantation may increase cancer resistance in patients
8. Stem cell mobilization therapy found to be safe for bone marrow donors
9. Bone marrow transplant survival more than doubles for young high-risk leukemia patients
10. Gene-modified stem cells help protect bone marrow from toxic side effects of chemotherapy
11. Study reveals origins of a cancer affecting the blood and bone marrow
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law Office of Somekh & Associates ... special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our office remain up to date ... elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ElderCounsel was founded by ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the ... business to advocate for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New ... the globe, and reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... VA (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... of DevOps and Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the ... Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... October 12, ... ... and Dr. Cheng, are now treating sleep apnea using cutting-edge Oventus ... sleep apnea, a serious sleep disorder characterized by frequent cessation in breathing. Oral ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI) ... FACMI, during the Opening Session of AMIA’s Annual Symposium in Washington, D.C. AMIA’s ... Morris F. Collen, a pioneer in the field of medical informatics, this prestigious award ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/27/2017)... -- Commended for their devotion to personalized service, SMP Pharmacy Solutions ... in the South Florida Business Journal,s 50 Fastest-Growing Companies, and ... the national specialty pharmacy has found its niche.  To that ... be honored by SFBJ as the 2017 Power Leader in ... receive his award in October, Bardisa said of the three ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... 2017  EpiVax, Inc., a leader in the ... today announced the launch of EpiVax Oncology Inc., ... therapeutic cancer vaccines. EpiVax has provided $500,000 in ... enabling technologies to the new precision immunotherapy venture. ... Oncology as Chief Executive Officer. Gad brings over ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... DIEGO , Sept. 22, 2017 AVACEN ... medical device is now successfully helping those with the ... Fibromyalgia diagnosed Amanda in Essex, ... dressed and washing my hair, experiencing no sleep at ... in painful spasm… I cannot recommend [the AVACEN 100] ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: