Navigation Links
Fatality rates increase with repeal of helmet laws, MU study finds

COLUMBIA, Mo. Since 1975, more than 100,000 motorcycle riders in America have died in crashes. The majority of states required motorcycle helmets in 1975, but today, only 20 states have universal helmet laws that require all riders to wear helmets, 26 states have partial coverage laws (usually only for young riders), and four states have no helmet laws. A recent study by a University of Missouri professor found that the motorcyclist fatality rate has increased in states that repealed their universal helmet laws during the past decade.

Lilliard Richardson, professor in the MU Truman School of Public Affairs, and David J. Houston, associate professor at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, compared the changes in helmet laws across all 50 states and the District of Columbia from 1975 through 2004. In states where repeals of universal coverage were instituted, the fatality rate increased an average of 12.2 percent. Conversely, in states with universal helmet laws, the fatality rate was 11.1 percent lower than in states with no helmet mandates.

Previous studies have been limited to certain states and fail to distinguish the states with partial coverage from those with no legislation, Richardson said. Our focus was not limited to a single state or a single change. We looked at effects in states that went from universal helmet laws to partial laws and states that went from partial laws to no laws, and states which kept their laws in place. We highlighted repeals of laws in six states by using separate variables to distinguish the effects of universal and partial coverage. We included controls for temperature, precipitation, per capita alcohol consumption, income, age, population density and other traffic safety policies.

Experts have estimated that an additional 615 motorcyclist fatalities occurred in the six states that repealed motorcycle helmet laws from 1997 to 2004, Richardson said. The researchers also found that fatality numbers in states with partial laws were not statistically different from those with no helmet laws.

The federal government has pressured states to adopt universal helmet laws, but the trend has been toward more state control of helmet laws, Richardson said. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration promotes the effectiveness of helmet laws for getting motorcyclists to wear helmets, but there is no strategy for encouraging states to maintain or adopt universal coverage laws. This does not bode well for the future of universal helmet laws and motorcycle safety in the United States.

Currently, several states are considering modifying their helmet laws.

Advocates in many states are pushing to repeal state universal helmet laws or impose partial mandates that require only young riders to wear helmets, Richardson said. Many assume that wearing helmets becomes a habit for riders like wearing a seatbelt is for drivers and that having a law in place isnt necessary. This is a misconception. When laws arent in place and enforced, the evidence shows that a majority of riders do not wear helmets.


Contact: Emily Smith
University of Missouri-Columbia

Related medicine news :

1. Siemens Demonstrates New Version of Multimodality Cardiology Image Management Solution at ACC 2008
2. NutraCea-Sponsored Study Demonstrates Benefits of Replacing Wheat Flour with Stabilized Rice Bran (SRB) in Battered and Fried Product Applications
3. NIDCR celebrates 60th anniversary
4. Largest ever analysis of DES data demonstrates safety, efficacy in on-and-off-label use
5. The Wistar Institute collaborates with the Coriell Institute to distribute cell lines
6. Aerobics Celebrates 40th Anniversary
7. Hospitality tops list of industries with highest rates of alcohol problems
8. YogaPro Celebrates Mothers Day with a Photo Contest to Win YogaToes(R) Foot Care Exercisers to Soothe and Beautify Moms Feet
9. Drug Therapy Boosting Heart-Attack Survival Rates
10. Urban planning a factor in rising obesity rates, says new report
11. ClearWay Minnesota(SM) Celebrates QUITPLAN(R) Services at the Capitol
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin ... injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his ... of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... plastic surgery procedures that most people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to ... known procedures, but also many of these less common operations such as calf and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of control. Prone to extreme mood shifts and ... him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. “If there was a knife on ... say he was going to kill them. If we were driving on the freeway, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Dr. Amanda Cheng, ... treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, including robotic ... osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic treatment. It ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are sharpening their pencils and honing ... contest in which patients and their families pay tribute to a genetic counselor by ... Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) this September. , In ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), Inorganic Chemical), Functionality (Filler, Binder, ... Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... excipients market is projected to reach USD 8.1 Billion ... forecast period 2016 to 2021. The ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Research ... Pharma News Issue 52" report to their offering. ... in influenza treatment creates a favourable commercial environment for MedImmune ... growing patient base that will serve to drive considerable growth ... vaccine would serve to cap sales considerably, but development is ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... Oticon , industry leaders in advanced ... launch of Oticon Opn ™, the world,s first ... of possibilities for IoT devices.      (Photo: ... Oticon introduces a number of ,world firsts,: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: