Navigation Links
Fast-food density and neighborhood walkability affect residents' weight and waist size
Date:3/3/2009

In a research article published recently by the American Journal of Epidemiology, Oregon Research Institute (ORI) scientist Fuzhong Li, Ph.D., and colleagues show that a high-density of fast food outlets was associated with an increase of 3 pounds in weight and .8 inches in waist circumference among neighborhood residents who frequently ate at those restaurants. In contrast, high-walkability neighborhoods were associated with a decrease of 2.7 pounds in weight and 0.6 inches in waist size among residents who increased their levels of vigorous physical activity during a one-year period.

"This is one of the few longitudinal studies that focus on change in individuals' body weight over time in relation to their lifestyle behaviors and immediate living environments," noted Dr. Li. "The uniqueness of this study lies in its environment-person approach which we use to show that health-impeding environments, such as a high density of fast-food outlets, together with residents' behavior, such as eating fast food regularly, can have an unhealthy impact on body weight. On the other hand, health-promoting environments, such as walkable neighborhood streets, in conjunction with physically active residents, can have a positive impact on body weight over time." said Dr. Li.

The study is part of the Portland Oregon Neighborhood Environment and Health Study where researchers are following a sample of over 1200 local residents ages 50-75 years old over a three-year period using anthropometric and survey measures, such as body weight, height, eating habits, food intake, physical activity, and perceptions of their immediate neighborhood environment. Researchers have also taken objective measures of built environment characteristics, such as land-use mix, density of fast-food outlets, street connectivity, & public transit stations, and the presence of green & open spaces in 120 randomly selected neighborhoods in Portland, Oregon. The overall objective of the research project is to examine change in body weight and physical activity in relation to built environment.

"To combat the obesity/overweight problem, it appears clear that, from the perspectives of public health and urban design, efforts are needed to improve features of modifiable built environments by making them more conducive to healthy eating and increasing physical activity," noted Li.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kathryn Madden
kathryn@ori.org
Oregon Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. More Fast-Food Joints in Neighborhoods Mean More Strokes
2. Adult Fast-Food Diets Tied to Too Much TV as Teen
3. Nutritious fast-food kids meals are scarce, researchers find
4. Elpac Power System 150-Watt Commercial External Power Supply Features Industry-Leading Efficiency and Power Density
5. Emerson Network Power Introduces High Density AC-DC Adapters for Medical Applications
6. Mayo researchers find potential links between breast density and breast cancer risk
7. Adult survivors of childhood leukemia have lower bone mineral density, study finds
8. A High-Density Lipoprotein Raising Drug That Has a Lower Discontinuation Rate Than That of Extended Release Niaspan Would Earn a 20 Percent Patient Share in the Dyslipidemia Drug Market
9. Bone Density Predicts Chances of Breast Cancer
10. Hip bone density helps predict breast cancer risk
11. Hand bone mineral density is an effective predictor of mortality in rheumatoid arthritis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... ... The threat of nuclear warfare has long plagued this world. In July of ... of nuclear weapons. Years later, when her co-workers began dying, Dot started searching for ... Clayton exposes the critical decisions made by agencies involved in the nuclear testing during ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... Orange County, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 27, 2017 , ... ... for periodontitis. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory gum condition that occurs when the bacteria ... of deep cleaning, also referred to as a scaling and root planing or SRP, ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... 26, 2017 , ... Miro is the ultimate smart media center that offers ... movies, TV shows and much more apps for user exploration. Its innovative acoustic design ... of 1280 x 720 provides crisp images with remarkable clarity and color. The WiFi ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Texas based retail electric company Discount Power ... (Residential Customer Equivalent) count exceeds 150,000. , Discount Power was acquired ... 2,250 RCEs at the time of acquisition. In the three years since the ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... February 27, 2017 , ... Silicon Valley Hair Institute, a ... new informational post on robotic hair transplantation. San Francisco residents may be confused ... Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) can sound similar. Either treatment can be used to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/28/2017)... DUBLIN , Feb 28, 2017 ... "Digestive Enzyme Supplements Market Forecasts 2014-2025" report to their ... ... reach USD 1.6 billion by 2025. Growing consumer awareness regarding ... good health is expected to stimulate industry growth over the ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... 27, 2017 Halyard Health, Inc. (NYSE: ... and provided its 2017 outlook and related key planning assumptions. ... $410 million, a 2 percent increase compared to the prior ... 2016 was $10 million compared to net income of $15 ... net income was $24 million compared to adjusted net income ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... 27, 2017   Royal Philips (NYSE: ... leader in health technology, today announced 510(k) clearance ... to market its ElastQ Imaging capability, further expanding ... systems. ElastQ Imaging enables simultaneous imaging of tissue ... for the diagnosis of various liver conditions. With ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: