Navigation Links
Fast-food density and neighborhood walkability affect residents' weight and waist size
Date:3/3/2009

In a research article published recently by the American Journal of Epidemiology, Oregon Research Institute (ORI) scientist Fuzhong Li, Ph.D., and colleagues show that a high-density of fast food outlets was associated with an increase of 3 pounds in weight and .8 inches in waist circumference among neighborhood residents who frequently ate at those restaurants. In contrast, high-walkability neighborhoods were associated with a decrease of 2.7 pounds in weight and 0.6 inches in waist size among residents who increased their levels of vigorous physical activity during a one-year period.

"This is one of the few longitudinal studies that focus on change in individuals' body weight over time in relation to their lifestyle behaviors and immediate living environments," noted Dr. Li. "The uniqueness of this study lies in its environment-person approach which we use to show that health-impeding environments, such as a high density of fast-food outlets, together with residents' behavior, such as eating fast food regularly, can have an unhealthy impact on body weight. On the other hand, health-promoting environments, such as walkable neighborhood streets, in conjunction with physically active residents, can have a positive impact on body weight over time." said Dr. Li.

The study is part of the Portland Oregon Neighborhood Environment and Health Study where researchers are following a sample of over 1200 local residents ages 50-75 years old over a three-year period using anthropometric and survey measures, such as body weight, height, eating habits, food intake, physical activity, and perceptions of their immediate neighborhood environment. Researchers have also taken objective measures of built environment characteristics, such as land-use mix, density of fast-food outlets, street connectivity, & public transit stations, and the presence of green & open spaces in 120 randomly selected neighborhoods in Portland, Oregon. The overall objective of the research project is to examine change in body weight and physical activity in relation to built environment.

"To combat the obesity/overweight problem, it appears clear that, from the perspectives of public health and urban design, efforts are needed to improve features of modifiable built environments by making them more conducive to healthy eating and increasing physical activity," noted Li.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kathryn Madden
kathryn@ori.org
Oregon Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. More Fast-Food Joints in Neighborhoods Mean More Strokes
2. Adult Fast-Food Diets Tied to Too Much TV as Teen
3. Nutritious fast-food kids meals are scarce, researchers find
4. Elpac Power System 150-Watt Commercial External Power Supply Features Industry-Leading Efficiency and Power Density
5. Emerson Network Power Introduces High Density AC-DC Adapters for Medical Applications
6. Mayo researchers find potential links between breast density and breast cancer risk
7. Adult survivors of childhood leukemia have lower bone mineral density, study finds
8. A High-Density Lipoprotein Raising Drug That Has a Lower Discontinuation Rate Than That of Extended Release Niaspan Would Earn a 20 Percent Patient Share in the Dyslipidemia Drug Market
9. Bone Density Predicts Chances of Breast Cancer
10. Hip bone density helps predict breast cancer risk
11. Hand bone mineral density is an effective predictor of mortality in rheumatoid arthritis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... Happy Living’s mission - to improve ... carries it into the entertaining and delicious worlds of theatre and wines. , ... Living) convinced him to turn his play into a book. The Greener The Grass ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... "Success ... the world of Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s is a disease estimated to affect the lives ... information published by the Alzheimer’s Association, a leading voice in the fight for ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... Egg freezing ... Although frozen embryos have a slight statistical advantage for live births, frozen eggs ... wonderful opportunity for women undergoing medical treatment or who are concerned about the ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... SABRE is raising awareness about personal safety ... the end of November. , The Chicago, Illinois, based self-defense brand has been waiting ... about the ease of taking their personal safety into their own hands. , The ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... San Diego, Ca (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... and affordable services to its customers, and give back to the community. For over ... on of the most successful companies serving plumbing in San Diego. They ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/5/2017)... -- Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ORMP ) ... focused on the development of oral drug delivery systems, ... with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding ... At the meeting, the FDA ... of ORMD-0801, would be a Biologics License Application (BLA).  ...
(Date:9/1/2017)... -- Bayer will present the latest research from across its growing ... 2017 Congress, September 8-12 in Madrid, Spain ... data on Bayer,s marketed portfolio and late-stage compounds as well ... "We value the opportunity to meet ... ESMO," said Carsten Brunn , Head of Pharmaceuticals, Americas ...
(Date:8/29/2017)... In a move that promises to exponentially ... veterinary practices of all sizes, Cubex LLC and The ... TITAN,s expertise in physical security, drug diversion investigations, staff ... "Every veterinary ... is at risk today," said TITAN founder and CEO, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: