Navigation Links
Farming at young age may lead to bone disease in adulthood

Although farm chores are likely to keep young boys in shape and out of trouble, University of Cincinnati (UC) environmental health experts caution that it could be harmful to overall bone health if done too often at a young age.

A UC research team recently reported data suggesting that excessive weight-bearing activitiessuch as squatting, kneeling or liftingcan affect the mechanical properties of developing bone. They say this could leave junior farmers more susceptible to degenerative skeletal disorders later in life.

"Research has clearly shown that healthy adults who engage in excessive weight-bearing activities often develop bone disorders," explains Amit Bhattacharya, PhD, a UC professor of environmental health and principal investigator of the study. "These excessive, repetitive weight-bearing activities could cause irreparable trauma and impair growth in young children whose bones are still developing."

The UC-led team's findings were published in June 2008 issue of Journal of Agromedicine.

For this pilot study, Bhattacharya's team wanted to know if high levels of load-bearing activity done repetitively, such as shoveling chicken feed, would cause changes in the mechanical properties of bonespecifically, mass and structural strength.

The team recruited 36 boys, age 12 to 19, from Butler County, Ohio, to study the biomechanical properties of developing bone. Eighteen boys had a history of regular work on family farms and the remainder were not involved in farm-related activities.

Researchers developed a list of 22 tasks children of this age might be asked to do. Each boy was surveyed about the tasks he performed to split participants into farm and non-farm groups.

In order to gauge overall bone health, the team took two measurements: bone mass, which is a measure of how much bone exists, and dynamic bone quality, the bone's ability to sustain incoming force during physical activity. A person's bone mass continues to accumulate up through their mid 20s.

"If bone is unable to adequately absorb incoming shockwaves, it can cause microdamage and eventually crack," explains Bhattacharya. "When it happens at a lower level, the body can recover. But if happens too much and more frequently in developing bone, it may predispose these children to degenerative skeletal disorders later in life."

The UC study showed that young boys who participated in regular farming activities had significantly lower bone-damping ability compared to the non-farming group. "Damping" refers to the bone's ability to absorb shock when the heel strikes the ground.

"We've detected signs that high levels of cumulative weight-bearing activity during a time of rapid bone growth could cause chronic trauma to bone growth plates," says Bhattacharya. "Larger studies are needed to determine the extent of damage, but our initial findings support taking a closer look at how much physical activity farming children are doing and make sure their bone is developing normally for their age."

Bhattacharya points out that weight-bearing activities are not badit's excessive activity in this age group that causes concern.

Increased stress concentrations cause maladaptations in bone modeling, which can lead to osteoarthritis conditions that make the bones very stiff and cause damage to the cartilage between the bones.

"It's a very sensitive balance of what is acceptable and at what point it becomes dangerous," he adds.


Contact: Amanda Harper
University of Cincinnati

Related medicine news :

1. UNC to study link between sustainable farming and health
2. Farmington Hills Plastic Surgeon Uses Novel Procedure: Patients Own Fat From Liposuction for Buttock Enhancement
3. Organic Farming Research Foundation Applauds Farm Bill Victories for Organic Farmers and Ranchers
4. Dorsey Schools, Detroit Areas Preeminent Career Training School, Opens a Fifth Campus in Farmington Hills
5. Farming, Fatherhood Hallmarks of Men Who Live to 100
6. Prominent Farmington Plastic Surgeon Uses Two New Non-Surgical Procedures to Tighten Skin and Remove Fat
7. Elbow Injuries on Rise Among Young Athletes
8. Dramatic increase in Tommy John surgery in young patients cause for concern
9. New Research Shows Cadaver Tissue Fails Nearly a Quarter of the Time in Young, Athletic ACL Reconstruction Patients
10. ACL Reconstruction With Cadaver Tissue Risky in Younger Patients
11. Melanoma Rates Soar Among Younger Women
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/26/2016)... Carolina (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... of a new product that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The ... centuries. , The two main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now turn to ... Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings specialization to ... fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the direction of ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Beach, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... UCLA with Magna Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of ... Diego and returned to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article ... are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state that individuals are now more ... these less common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Scientific Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to ... came as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... --  Pulmatrix, Inc ., (NASDAQ: PULM ), ... today that it was added to the Russell Microcap ... set of U.S. and global equity indexes on June ... for Pulmatrix," said Chief Executive Officer Robert Clarke ... in developing drugs for crucial unmet medical needs, and ...
(Date:6/23/2016)...  MedSource announced today that it has selected ... of choice.  This latest decision demonstrates MedSource,s commitment ... clients by offering a state-of-the-art electronic data capture ... as the EDC platform of choice in exchange ... has long been a preferred EDC platform by ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced ... Type (Organic Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), Inorganic Chemical), Functionality ... - Global Forecast to 2021" report to their ... global pharmaceutical excipients market is projected to reach USD ... in the forecast period 2016 to 2021. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: