Navigation Links
Families, friends, schools and neighborhoods contribute to adolescent alcohol misuse

Characteristics present in the four social environments in which young people livefamilies, peers, schools, and neighborhoodscontribute both positively and negatively to whether teens misuse alcohol, with risk from one area possibly being magnified or decreased by attributes of another.

That's the finding of a new longitudinal study conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the University of California at Davis, and the University of California at Irvine. The study appears in the November/December 2008 issue of the journal Child Development.

Previous research on teen drinking has focused mostly on individuals' ties to friends and family members. This study suggests the need for a more inclusive view of the social world of adolescents and highlights the importance of examining the connections between all of the social environments in which they live.

The researchers used data from 6,544 teens ages 11 to 17 enrolled in three public school systems in North Carolina, surveying them every six months for a total of five times. The adolescents were in grades 6, 7, and 8 when they were first surveyed, and in grades 8, 9, and 10 at the end of the study. The study used information from the teens to measure their misuse of alcohol, including heavy drinking, and to gauge negative consequences associated with drinking, such as getting into fights.

The study also collected information by telephone from parents of the teens and data from the U.S. Census. The information was used to describe the family, peer, school, and neighborhood environments of the adolescents in four areas: whether they had role models who used alcohol; how close the teens were to others in their social environments; social constraints on alcohol misuse, such as parental supervision; and the stressors in each adolescent's social environment.

The researchers found that characteristics present in all four social environmentsfamily, peers, schools, and neighborhoodsplayed a role in whether teens misused alcohol. They also found that the adolescents generally were more likely to misuse alcohol the more they were exposed to alcohol use by others in their social environments.

Other characteristics of those environments tended to increase or decrease the risk associated with alcohol misuse. For example, the risk for teens of being exposed to drinking by schoolmates weakened when parents supervised their children. On the other hand, the risk of exposure to drinking by schoolmates grew when there was conflict in the family and when more family members drank. These findings underscore the important role played by families in teens' use of alcohol, throughout adolescence.

"Our findings affirm what social ecological theories suggest: Adolescents are embedded in a social world of family, friends, schoolmates, and neighbors, all of whom matter to adolescent development," according to Susan T. Ennett, associate professor of health behavior and health education at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the study's lead author. "And adolescent alcohol misuse is socially conditioned behavior."


Contact: Andrea Browning
Society for Research in Child Development

Related medicine news :

1. Ira Magaziner Joins Leaders in Peace Psychology at MSPP to Explore Ways to Transform Violence, Heal Families, Communities and World
2. National Staff Nurses Union Endorses Obama for President; UAN Leaders Cite Obamas Commitment to Working Families, Health Care Solutions
3. McCain Would Drive Up Health Care Costs for Families, While Benefiting Health Insurance Companies
4. MassMutual Offers Free Letter of Intent Template to People with Disabilities and Their Families, Caregivers
5. Protein can nurture or devastate brain cells, depending on its friends, researchers find
6. Regence Video Cards Help Start Important Health Conversations With Friends, Family
7. $3.5 Million in Reimbursements for Purchases of Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) for Texas Schools Still Unclaimed With Deadline Approaching
8. Highmark Healthy High 5 School Challenge Grant Program Enables Pennsylvania Schools to Implement or Enhance Healthy Lifestyle Programs for Students
9. Chef Art Smith, Moms and Schools Partner to Teach Kids to Love Their Veggies
10. Teach For America and Lilly Launch Program to Match Lilly Employees with Teachers in Underserved Public Schools
11. Vending Machines Found in Most Middle Schools
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... Fla. (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... number of leadless pacemakers in the U.S. and is the only hospital in ... from the largest clinical data presentation of transcatheter pacing patients were revealed recently ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Growth in medical payments per workers’ ... in utilization of hospital and nonhospital care, according to a recent study by the ... Louisiana, 16th Edition , found medical payments per claim with more than seven days ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... It’s official: Tattoo taboo is ... a number even greater among Millennials (a whopping one in three aged 18 to ... people who are dissatisfied with their ink. In fact, RealSelf , the world’s ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... For many X-rays taken at ... accurate interpretation by the radiologist. The marking utensils are so small, however, they ... found a way to alleviate this problem. , He developed the patent-pending MARK ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... it has been selected as a finalist in this year’s Fierce Innovation Awards: ... Next IT Healthcare was recognized as a finalist in the category of Digital ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Pa. , Dec. 1, 2015  Today, ... announced the launch of CareFront, a first-of-its-kind population ... patients diagnosed with cancer. Designed to be built ... diagnosed cancer patients with resources for their care ... The program also offers tools to help patients ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , Dec. 1, 2015   Craneware, ... value cycle solutions, today announced the company will ... Pharmacy ChargeLink ® solution at the ... Midyear Clinical Meeting . The new features are ... process of monitoring and managing enterprise-wide pharmacy charges ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015  Booth #3506 – Claymount is featuring its ... meeting of the Radiological Society of North America ... year. Based in the Netherlands , Claymount ... Systems (NYSE: VAR ) and is one of the ... solid state automatic exposure control systems for controlling dose during ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: