Navigation Links
Familiar and newly learned words are processed by the same neural networks in the brain
Date:8/28/2009

Our vocabulary continues to grow and expand even in adulthood. Just ten years ago, the word 'blog' did not yet exist and now we no longer remember when we heard this word for the first time or when we learned its meaning. At some stage new words become just as familiar to us as words we have learned earlier. One of the areas of interest in the Academy of Finland's Neuroscience Research Programme (NEURO) is how the process of learning new words is reflected in the function of the brain.

The new research evidence emerging about how the brain processes language and its different levels has important application among other things in the development of language teaching.

In one of the experiments conducted in the NEURO programme, participants learned the name and/or purpose of 150 ancient tools. They had never heard these words before. The subjects' brain function was measured by means of magnetoencelography during the naming of the tools, both before and after the learning period.

The results show that the brain uses the same neural networks to process both familiar and newly learned words. The names of objects were processed in the left temporal and frontal lobe within half a second of showing the image of the tool to the subject. "If the subject had only recently learned the name of the tool, the the naming process induced an activation that was just as strong or stronger than the activation induced by the image of a familiar object," says Academy Professor Riitta Salmelin, HUT Low Temperature Laboratory, who is in charge of the research.

According to Salmelin the learning of the meaning of ancient tools did not cause corresponding clear differences in the function of the brain. In other words, it seems that the processing of meanings in the brain differs essentially from the processing of names. On the other hand, the performance results indicated that new definitions were learned even faster than new names.

How are learned words retained?

The research team are now working on a follow-up study to explore the retention of learned words. Is it possible to detect in brain activation some specific phenomenon that predicts good retention of learned knowledge up to several months after learning?

"We are also conducting a separate series of experiments to find out how our brain learns phonetic structures and, on the other hand, how the brain learns to identify letter combinations that are typical of a certain language," Riitta Salmelin explains.

Another area of interest in the ongoing study is the role of grammar in language learning. The focus here is to explore how the brain learns to use the vocabulary and grammatical structure of an experimental miniature language.


'/>"/>

Contact: Professor Riitta Salmelin
riitta@neuro.hut.fi
358-945-12950
Academy of Finland
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. A Third of Medicare Clients Unfamiliar With Benefits
2. Jan Marini Skin Research Gives Familiar Logo a Facelift
3. Carnegie Mellon study identifies where thoughts of familiar objects occur inside the human brain
4. Brain Area Recognizes Familiar Sounds
5. Newly discovered mechanism in cell division has implications for chromosomes role in cancer
6. MRI may be unnecessary prior to treatment in most newly diagnosed breast cancer patients
7. Newly Published Research Indicates 97% of Apraxic Children Improving with Novel Nutritional Combination
8. Exploring Newly Found Freedom with the GaitAid for Parkinson's Disease
9. Nephrologists Indicate High Interest in AMAG Pharmaceuticals Newly Approved Feraheme According to Latest BioTrends Report
10. Zogenix and Astellas Enter Exclusive Co-Promotion Agreement in the US for Newly Approved Sumavel(TM) DosePro(TM)
11. ONRAD Announces Newly Bundled Services for a Single Package Price
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... The Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA) is pleased to announce ... process has been in place since the RBMA was founded in 1968 with all ... Jim Hamilton, MHA, CMM, FRBMA, as president. Dr. Dickerson the chief executive officer for ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... exposed to more adverse experiences than children in the general population. That’s because ... abuse, neglect or other family challenges. While no fault of their own, youth ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... of America (UCAOA) and College of Urgent Care Medicine will host industry leaders ... sessions and speakers will help those in the industry adapt to the issues ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... People are starting to accept ... a hearing aid doesn’t have the stigma it had when great-grandpa wore his hearing ... Greater Boston, in a NALA North American Speaker Series (NASS) segment. “He ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas, has published a ... does not. Yisrayl says with so many titles and names for the Creator, it’s ... with a little Scripture, backed with a lot of research, the truth is undeniable. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... PLANO, Texas , April 20, 2017  Vivify ... via mobile devices, has been awarded a very significant ... care via EMRs to continual care via digital health. ... of key intellectual property and further secures Vivify,s position ... Vivify, launched in 2009, was the first company to ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 2017  CVS Pharmacy, the retail division of ... store design to enhance the retail customer experience ... products and expanded beauty selections paired with informational ... new offerings. Together with its innovative digital programs, ... customer experience at CVS Pharmacy.  ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 NeuroVive Pharmaceutical AB (Nasdaq ... positive preclinical results demonstrating anti-fibrotic effects with ... steatohepatitis (NASH), in an additional well-validated experimental ... has previously shown similar anti-fibrotic effects in ... scientists present novel data demonstrating anti-fibrotic effects ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: