Navigation Links
False Positives in Oral HIV Test Halt Use in NYC
Date:6/19/2008

CDC report traces roots of the problem

THURSDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- Due to problems with false-positive results, the use of an oral rapid HIV test was recently halted by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, which operates 10 sexually transmitted disease walk-in clinics.

In January 2004, the clinics introduced on-site, rapid HIV testing of finger-stick, whole-blood specimens using the OraQuick test. Then, in March 2005, the clinics replaced the finger-stick test with an oral fluid test, the OraQuick Advance Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody Test.

However, beginning in late 2005, the clinics noted an unexpected increase in false-positive oral test results. This increase subsided after several months, notes a report released online June 18 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The use of oral fluid tests was suspended for three weeks in December 2005 and replaced with the finger-stick test while city health officials investigated the increase in false-positive test results. The finger-stick tests didn't produce any false-positive results.

The oral fluid test was re-introduced in late December 2005. However, any positive result from an oral fluid test had to be followed up with a finger-stick test.

In late 2007, there was another larger increase in the incidence of false-positive oral fluid tests. The cause has not been determined and the city health department has stopped the use of the oral fluid test. Only the finger-stick test is being used.

"These findings underscore the importance of confirming all reactive HIV tests, both from oral fluid and whole-blood specimens," the report authors wrote.

"In addition, the results suggest that the NYC DOHMH strategy of following up reactive oral fluid test results with an immediate finger-stick whole-blood test reduced the number of apparent false-positive oral fluid test results and might be a useful strategy in other settings and locations," they added.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about HIV testing.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: June 18, 2008, online release, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. US soldiers in high-tuberculosis areas face new epidemic: false positives
2. Florida Hospital Group Pays U.S. $7,775,000 to Settle False Claims Act Allegations
3. Study shows false memories complicate end-of-life treatment decisions
4. North Carolina Dental Services Chain Pays $10 Million to Resolve False Claims Allegations
5. MRIs high false positive rate has little impact on womens choice of preventive mastectomy
6. JAMA Article Provides False Support for CDCs Do-Nothing Position on MRSA
7. Information About The Airborne Health, Inc. Settlement, and Other Ongoing Litigation Alleging False and Deceptive Marketing Of Airborne(R)
8. Single reader with CAD more efficient, yields fewer false positives, and possibly more sensitive
9. United States Joins False Claims Act Cases Against Three New Jersey Hospitals
10. Federal Judge Says Sugar Association Suit Accusing Johnson & Johnson of False Advertising to Go Forward
11. Stryker Corp. & Physiotherapy Associates to Pay U.S. $16.6 Million for Alleged False Claims to Federal Health Care Programs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
False Positives in Oral HIV Test Halt Use in NYC
(Date:5/3/2016)... , ... May 03, 2016 , ... Boston Children’s Hospital ... rehearse tough medical situations or practice tricky or rare procedures in an environment that ... the SIM Center is also available to inventors and “hackers” to develop and test ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Park Cities Pet Sitter ... or adjacent to the 75204, 75205, 75206, 75209, 75219, 75220, 75225, 75229, 75230, 75231 ... Bluffview, Midway Hollow, North Dallas, Plano, Preston Hollow and Park Cities areas of the ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... 03, 2016 , ... Intrigma, the leading provider of vital ... expanding its use of Intrigma’s cloud-based physician scheduling solution, Efficient Scheduler (a part ... The Portland, Oregon based health system conducted a one-year pilot of the Efficient ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Dr. Poneh Ghasri, cosmetic dentist in West Hollywood , ... existing patients. Cosmetic dentistry allows patients to improve the aesthetics of their smiles. These ... minor or more serious cosmetic flaws. These specials allow patients to achieve their dream ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... South Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... to support both its Grow & Climb children and youth programs in South Miami. ... for several years. , The Grow Program provides afterschool tutoring, mentoring, enrichment and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... April 29, 2016  In the next ten ... shift from systems dependent on CRTs monitors to those ... modality CRT Medical monitors and will automatically sync ... host of foreseeable benefits to this technological advancement, ... modalities have to be replaced in order to ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... April 29, 2016 ... Financier Sanofi, leader mondial ... ses résultats pour le premier trimestre ... Jérôme Contamine, commente les résultats du ... perspectives pour le reste de l,année. ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016   Click here ... Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), the nation,s largest independent ... a definitive agreement to acquire Valley Campus Pharmacy, ... ("TNH"), a leading specialty pharmacy that provides individualized ... California . In 2015, TNH generated approximately ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: