Navigation Links
FSU researcher lands $3.3 million grant to help smokers kick habit
Date:12/4/2007

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- A Florida State University professor will share a $3.3 million federal grant with a colleague from the University of Vermont to develop an innovative method that will help smokers with anxiety disorders extinguish the habit.

FSU psychology Professor Brad Schmidt and UVM psychology Professor Michael Zvolensky are recruiting about 600 people -- 300 at each campus -- to participate in the study over the next five years. Funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the $3.3 million grant is one of the largest the scientific organization has ever awarded for this kind of study, Schmidt said.

Cigarette smoking, the leading cause of preventable death and disability in North America, is particularly common among those with, or at risk for developing, panic disorder, according to Schmidt. About 40 percent of individuals with panic disorder are regular smokers and more than 60 percent have a lifetime history of smoking.

These rates are higher than in the general population where about 25 percent are smokers. Yet no specialized approach currently exists to help smokers with anxiety problems quit, Schmidt said.

The thing that makes this smoking cessation program unique is the focus on reducing anxiety sensitivity, which is a risk factor for developing anxiety problems, he said. Nicotine withdrawal produces all kinds of unpleasant feelings, and if youre extremely sensitive to these kinds of bodily sensations, it could provoke anxiety and panic responses.

People with anxiety sensitivity perceive certain physical responses -- such as a pounding heart, sweaty palms or dizziness -- as a sign of imminent personal harm, even if the cause is something as mundane as stress, caffeine or nicotine. They not only fear their own reactions, they also fear that other people will detect their anxiety, which then increases their anxiety and puts them at risk for a panic attack.

Some people with anxiety sensitivity actually begin smoking in a misguided attempt to assuage these feelings, while others develop anxiety sensitivity after they pick up the habit in response to the effects of nicotine on their bodies, Schmidt said. Either way, many of these anxiety-sensitive smokers find that withdrawal symptoms cause them to be even more anxious and panicky -- thwarting their attempts to quit or triggering a relapse.

Schmidt and Zvolenskys cessation plan involves four one-on-one sessions. The program includes education, coping skills and anxiety reduction strategies, along with nicotine replacement therapy, such as the patch.

We have two inter-related goals, Schmidt said. The first is to see whether combining some of what we know from our anxiety treatments with the state-of-the-art smoking cessation treatments will enhance our ability to help people quit smoking, and the longer term goal is to determine if these treatments will prevent the development of anxiety problems like panic attacks.

If the program is successful, it would reduce the public health burden of both anxiety and smoking-related problems, Schmidt said. In addition, the results of the study are expected to increase knowledge about the role of smoking in the development and maintenance of anxiety symptoms, panic attacks and panic disorder and the role that vulnerability to panic attacks plays in smoking relapses.


'/>"/>

Contact: Brad Schmidt
schmidt@psy.fsu.edu
850-644-1707
Florida State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly
2. Children of depressed moms do better when dad is involved, SLU researcher finds
3. UCLA researchers identify markers that may predict diabetes in still-healthy people
4. Mayo Clinic researchers discover new diagnostic test for detecting infection in prosthetic joints
5. Bipolar disorder relapses halved by Melbourne researchers
6. Cell that triggers symptoms in allergy attacks can also limit damage, Stanford researchers find
7. High and mighty: first common height gene identified by researchers behind obesity gene finding
8. Researchers estimate about 9 percent of US children age 8 to 15 meet criteria for having ADHD
9. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
10. Researchers develop long-lasting growth hormone
11. UVa researcher awarded $3.6 million grant to fight drug-resistant bacteria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... EBSCO Information Services ... National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) framework. The agreement allows ... Service (NHS) to search, order and purchase medical and healthcare-related content through ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Dr. David Mahon leads Siena Dental, a comprehensive ... was named a 2017 Top Patient Rated Henderson Dentist by Find Local ... recognizes local physicians and dentists who have earned high ratings and superior patient reviews ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... uncertainty in clinical trials, today announced that Premier Research, a leading clinical development ... , Clinical trials are becoming increasingly complex, due in part to an array ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Healthcare Research & ... in the fight against cancer, has produced a seminal study that asked cancer ... release top-line findings in a webinar, Defining Compassionate Care Through the Voices of ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... (PRWEB) February 23, ... the nation to come together to combine its favorite springtime ... its favorite fruit – apples! To celebrate National Nutrition Month, ... the “Apple Madness” bracket tournament – a five-week, five-round online ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... -- ITL Limited, ( ASX: ITD ), an innovative diversified healthcare ... ended 31 December 2016 compared with the previous corresponding period. A ... here . Highlights ... Earnings per share of 2.2 cents (Dec 2015: 1.2 ... $15.7m; up 11%) Profit before tax of $2.12m ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , 23. Februar 2017 Im Rahmen ... nationale Wirtschaftszone in der südwestlichen chinesischen Provinz Guizhou, 2017 mit ... einer Innovationsplattform aktiv an der Entwicklung einer eingebetteten Hightech-Schlüsselindustrie. ... Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... development and commercialization of innovative therapies for the ... will release fourth quarter and yearly financial results ... AcelRx management will host an investment-community conference call ... Time) on March 2 nd 2017 to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: