TUESDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday what it called a series of steps to ensure the continued availability of vital cancer drugs that have been in dangerously short supply.
One of the drugs, methotrexate, is used in combination with other drugs to combat -- and in many cases cure -- acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common type of cancer in children. It typically strikes kids aged 2 to 5.
And another drug, Lipodox, will be temporarily imported from a pharmaceutical company in India to ease a shortage of the chemotherapy drug Doxil (doxorubicin), which is used to treat ovarian cancer, multiple myeloma and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Lipodox is similar in chemical makeup to Doxil; there are no generic versions of Doxil.
"Through the collaborative work of [the] FDA, industry and other stakeholders, patients and families waiting for these products or anxious about their availability should now be able to get the medication they need," FDA Commissioner Dr. Margaret A. Hamburg said in a news release.
The FDA also said it was issuing guidelines to the drug industry that spell out detailed requirements for "both mandatory and voluntary notifications" to the agency of potential problems that could result in a drug shortage or supply disruption.
Methotrexate is a cornerstone in the treatment of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In high doses, the generic drug has been successful in curing patients and beneficial in preventing recurrence. Without the drug, a patient's chance for a cure is reduced while the risk of recurrence rises, oncologists said.
Some cancer doctors had warned last week that supplies of methotrexate could be exhausted within two weeks.
To offset the shortage of methotrexate, the FDA said Tuesday that it has worked with several drug manufacturers to help maintain
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