Navigation Links
Exposure Therapy Effective in Preventing Post-Traumatic Stress

It eased anxiety, corrected belief that reliving memories must be avoided, study concludes

TUESDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- Having recent trauma survivors relive the troubling event in a controlled environment may help prevent them from developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a new report.

This exposure-based therapy approach is not new, but clinicians sometime avoid using it under the belief it distresses the survivors too much, according to background information for the report, published in the June issue of Archives of General Psychiatry. Instead, they tend to favor cognitive restructuring, which focuses on changing thoughts and responses to a traumatic event.

In an Australian study, 90 patients who developed acute stress disorder after a non-sexual assault or motor vehicle crash were randomly assigned to five weekly 90-minute sessions of exposure therapy or cognitive restructuring, or they were wait-listed for treatment.

After completing treatment, fewer patients who received exposure therapy met criteria for PTSD than those in the cognitive restructuring group (33 percent vs. 63 percent) or the wait-list group (77 percent). The ratio for exposure therapy versus cognitive restructuring held fairly closely in a follow-up exam done six months later; however, 47 percent of the patients getting exposure therapy had achieved full remission, while only 13 percent of those in the cognitive restructuring group did.

Despite some concerns that patients may not be able to manage the distress elicited by prolonged exposure, there was no difference in drop-out rates for the prolonged exposure and cognitive restructuring groups (17 percent vs. 23 percent), the authors wrote. In addition, by the end of three sessions, the distress ratings were significantly lower in the exposure therapy group than in the cognitive restructuring group.

Exposure therapy may be more effective than cognitive restructuring, because it eases the anxiety associated with the traumatic memory and corrects the belief that the memory must be avoided, in addition to encouraging self-control, the authors noted.

The current findings suggest that direct activation of trauma memories is particularly useful for prevention of PTSD symptoms in patients with acute stress disorder, the authors concluded. Exposure should be used in early intervention for people who are at high risk for developing PTSD.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health has more about post-traumatic stress disorder.

-- Kevin McKeever

SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association, news release, June 2, 2008

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Lead Exposure in Childhood Linked to Criminal Behavior Later
2. Cumulative radiation exposure shows increased cancer risk for emergency department patients
3. Study reveals link among childhood allergies, asthma symptoms, and early life exposure to cats
4. Announces Low-Cost Television and Internet Exposure for Members
5. Amber Valletta on Preventing Mercury Exposure
6. Ad in USA TODAY Touts Benefits of Moderate UV Exposure
7. Chronic Exposure to Solvents Disturbs Brains Wiring
8. Disturbances in brain circuitry linked to chronic exposure to solvents
9. Fetal Exposure to Substance Abuse Changes Brain Structure
10. Safe, Green Insecticides Can Reduce Chemical Exposure in Homes and Gardens
11. Toddlers Affected Most by Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Home
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( ), one of the ... new design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support and ... pain while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated from ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Information about the technology: ... develop to enable prevention of a major side effect of chemotherapy in children. ... pediatric patients. For cisplatin, hearing loss is FDA listed on-label as a dose ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... Leading pediatric ... peers in Washington, D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International Society of ... Vice President of the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children’s ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... the nation's first interactive health literacy software tool, and the Cancer Patient Education ... of cancer patient education, today announce a new strategic alliance. , As ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... at the University of California Berkeley, and other leading institutions in announcing the ... power of institutions to change the way animals are raised for food. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... Oct. 11, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ("Hill-Rom") (NYSE: ... facility in Las Piedras, Puerto Rico ... blades. Following ... facility sustained minor structural damage, temporary loss of power ... have been completed, manufacturing operations have resumed, and the ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... , Oct. 10, 2017   West Pharmaceutical Services, ... solutions for injectable drug administration, today shared the results ... Adapter for improving the intradermal administration of polio vaccines. ... Vaccination Summit in May 2017 by Dr. Ondrej ... Department, World Health Organization (WHO), and recently published in ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... Ill. , Oct. 5, 2017  In ... Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released ... opioids – to be used as a first-line ... pain. Recognizing ... the AAOMS White Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: