Navigation Links
Exposure Therapy Effective in Preventing Post-Traumatic Stress
Date:6/3/2008

It eased anxiety, corrected belief that reliving memories must be avoided, study concludes

TUESDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- Having recent trauma survivors relive the troubling event in a controlled environment may help prevent them from developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a new report.

This exposure-based therapy approach is not new, but clinicians sometime avoid using it under the belief it distresses the survivors too much, according to background information for the report, published in the June issue of Archives of General Psychiatry. Instead, they tend to favor cognitive restructuring, which focuses on changing thoughts and responses to a traumatic event.

In an Australian study, 90 patients who developed acute stress disorder after a non-sexual assault or motor vehicle crash were randomly assigned to five weekly 90-minute sessions of exposure therapy or cognitive restructuring, or they were wait-listed for treatment.

After completing treatment, fewer patients who received exposure therapy met criteria for PTSD than those in the cognitive restructuring group (33 percent vs. 63 percent) or the wait-list group (77 percent). The ratio for exposure therapy versus cognitive restructuring held fairly closely in a follow-up exam done six months later; however, 47 percent of the patients getting exposure therapy had achieved full remission, while only 13 percent of those in the cognitive restructuring group did.

Despite some concerns that patients may not be able to manage the distress elicited by prolonged exposure, there was no difference in drop-out rates for the prolonged exposure and cognitive restructuring groups (17 percent vs. 23 percent), the authors wrote. In addition, by the end of three sessions, the distress ratings were significantly lower in the exposure therapy group than in the cognitive restructuring group.

Exposure therapy may be more effective than cognitive restructuring, because it eases the anxiety associated with the traumatic memory and corrects the belief that the memory must be avoided, in addition to encouraging self-control, the authors noted.

The current findings suggest that direct activation of trauma memories is particularly useful for prevention of PTSD symptoms in patients with acute stress disorder, the authors concluded. Exposure should be used in early intervention for people who are at high risk for developing PTSD.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health has more about post-traumatic stress disorder.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association, news release, June 2, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Lead Exposure in Childhood Linked to Criminal Behavior Later
2. Cumulative radiation exposure shows increased cancer risk for emergency department patients
3. Study reveals link among childhood allergies, asthma symptoms, and early life exposure to cats
4. GreatTrainers.com Announces Low-Cost Television and Internet Exposure for Members
5. Amber Valletta on Preventing Mercury Exposure
6. Ad in USA TODAY Touts Benefits of Moderate UV Exposure
7. Chronic Exposure to Solvents Disturbs Brains Wiring
8. Disturbances in brain circuitry linked to chronic exposure to solvents
9. Fetal Exposure to Substance Abuse Changes Brain Structure
10. Safe, Green Insecticides Can Reduce Chemical Exposure in Homes and Gardens
11. Toddlers Affected Most by Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Home
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... Santa Rosa Orthopaedics (SRO) is ... at 167 Lynch Creek Way. The Petaluma office features three comfortable patient exam ... rehabilitation services and on-site x-ray services. Two multi-specialist orthopaedic surgeons Dr. Neema ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... January 21, 2017 , ... ... performed by Austin, Texas Periodontist Dr. Dan Holtzclaw in media for its creos™ ... features two surgeries performed by Dr. Holtzclaw in which he utilizes creos™ allo.gain™ ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... A new partnership between Goodwill® and Roadie, Inc. aims to make it easier ... couches to dressers and bicycles. Roadie — the national on-the-way delivery network — will ... through February 28th. , “January is an exciting time when resolutions are made ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... Source Vitál Apothecary, a skin and body ... oils, announced the company had a successful visit to the 2017 ECRM Diet, Vitamin ... companies that work in the nutritional, sports and health industries a chance to meet ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... Sports Nutrition LLC, an American company devoted to developing high-quality nutritional supplements for people ... in Hilton Head, SC. , Bionic Sports Nutrition manufactures its entire line of ... clients at reasonable prices. At the ECRM trade show, it had a unique chance ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... 2017  Palladian Health, a leading provider of ... of an opioid management program which assists physicians ... helps stem the growing tide of dependence on ... chronic non-cancer pain (back pain, neck pain, and ... of evidence regarding long-term effectiveness. The ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017 ... Summary GlobalData,s new report, "Germany Cataract Surgery ... on the Germany Cataract Surgery Devices market. The report ... units) and average prices (USD) within market segements - ... report also provides company shares and distribution shares data ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... SILVER SPRING, Md. , Jan. 19, 2017 ... for the treatment of Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC) in adult ... patients suffering from chronic gastrointestinal disorders," said Julie Beitz ... in the FDA,s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "With ... select the most appropriate treatment for their condition." ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: