Navigation Links
Exploring the link between traumatic brain injury and people who are homeless

TORONTO, March 21, 2013Homeless people and their health care providers need to know more about traumatic brain injuries to help prevent and treat such injuries, a new study has found.

Homeless people have a disproportionately higher risk for TBI compared to the general population, yet little is known about the severity of those injuries, who exactly is suffering from them and what the long-term consequences are.

"A better understanding of TBI, its presentation and characteristics in the homeless is vital in order to enable appropriate interventions, treatments, and case management in the improvement of outcomes for this important segment of the population," said Dr. Jane Topolovec-Vranic, a clinical researcher in the Trauma and Neurosurgery Program at St. Michael's Hospital.

"Reducing the prevalence of homelessness and the incidence of injury and illness among people who are homeless would have significant financial, societal and individual implications."

Recent research has identified high rates of TBI among homeless people, but there has been no detailed review of existing data. Dr. Topolovec-Vranic and her colleagues in the Head Injury Clinic at St. Michael's Hospital reviewed all the recent scientific studies on homelessness and traumatic brain injuries to identify the gaps in knowledge and suggest areas of future research. Their findings were published recently in the journal BMC Public Health.

As many as one in nine Canadians have experienced homelessness or come close to it. Previous research has found that homeless people often suffer from serious health conditions, use the most expensive medical interventions such as emergency rooms, require longer hospital stays than people with homes and are at increased risk of death.

The studies Dr. Topolovec-Vranic and her team reviewed found that anywhere between 8 and 53 per cent of homeless peoplemostly men--have traumatic brain injuries. The majority suffered a TBI before becoming homeless, suggesting TBI might be a risk factor for homelessness. It's also possible that impulse control disorders, for example, could predispose individuals to both TBI and homelessness, she said.

Traumatic brain injuries are caused by a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the function of the brain. The severity can range from mild, characterized by a brief change in mental status, to severe, which could include unconsciousness or amnesia. TBI is associated with low subsequent employment rates, which can contribute to a downward spiral into homelessness.

"It is also suggested that in the homeless population, cognitive impairment may increase the risk of remaining homeless, illustrating the potential for TBIs to contribute to the chronicity of homelessness," Dr. Topolovec-Vranic said.


Contact: Leslie Shepherd
St. Michael's Hospital

Related medicine news :

1. High Schoolers Can 'Smile' While Exploring Dental Careers at Summer Camp in Maine
2. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center studies galaxy-exploring camera in the operating room
3. Exploring exercise benefits for breast cancer patients
4. Breakthroughs with Martin Sheen Exploring How Businesses Manage Online Images
5. Study finds significant skull differences between closely linked groups
6. Study: No link between depression, nasal obstruction
7. AADR comments on review that validates association between oral health and heart health
8. New research finds no association between white potato consumption (baked, boiled mashed) and obesity, Type 2 diabetes or systemic inflammation
9. Study shows link between pre-pregnancy obesity and lower test scores
10. First study investigating possible link between sunscreen ingredient and endometriosis
11. Early Study Hints at Link Between Certain Sunscreens, Endometriosis
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... The National Association of ... into its VIP Woman of the Year Circle. She is recognized with this ... exclusively for professional women, boasting 850,000 members and over 200 operating Local Chapters. ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... carrier to offer individual vision insurance plans on . The multi-carrier ... to rate and review products, allowing consumers to compare, quote and match plans ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Stress, anxiety, illness, infection or ... worry about possible tumors? , Heather Spader, MD, a new pediatric neurosurgeon at Joe ... some signs might point to tumors. , “Bad headaches that don’t go ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... MOSI recently added two ... along with Back to the Jurassic to their collection of interactive exhibits within the ... dynamic worlds that will allow guests to get closer than ever to a range ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Creek, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... MI, the American Cancer Society held an annual fundraising event, a 5K walk known ... a holistic treatment center for substance abuse which is also located in Battle Creek, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015  Kevin Smith has been appointed Chief ... pioneer in wireless monitoring of vital signs.  As ... , Mr. Smith will be responsible for the ... He will also directly oversee partnering with US ... for SensiumVitals, the first early warning detection device ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015  PTS Diagnostics, the U.S.-based manufacturer of point-of-care ... A1CNow ® systems, and PTS Detect™ cotinine systems, ... that will propel the company into the mHealth market. ... Europe . The technology is a system that ... smartphones and tablets, and uses test strip technology already ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Wash. and ST. LOUIS ... Express Scripts (NASDAQ: ESRX ) today announced an ... The partnership, which began in 1999, will now extend ... --> After evaluating pharmacy benefit manager ... concluded that Express Scripts continues to offer the best ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: