Navigation Links
Experts urge US to create emergency cholera vaccine stockpile for humanitarian use
Date:11/24/2010

to stabilize the country."

Cholera is a severe and often rapidly fatal diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It can be fatal because the pathogen elicits secretion of large quantities of bacteria-laden fluid from the intestine, resulting in extreme dehydration. It is transmitted through the fecal-oral route and if the drinking water or food supply becomes contaminated with V. cholerae, the disease can spread through a population very rapidly.

It is estimated that the annual global burden of cholera is 3 million to 5 million cases and 100,000 to 130,000 deaths. There is no evidence of a global decline despite major efforts to ensure the provision of clean water and adequate sanitation. Cholera is endemic in many parts of South Asia, and can cause epidemics both in areas where it is endemic and in those where it is not, often as a result of man-made or natural disasters. Last year there were reportedly 4,000 deaths during a protracted epidemic in Zimbabwe, and more than 1,400 people have died in refugee camps in the ongoing outbreaks in Haiti. A recent analysis of the global burden of cholera conducted by the IVI, an international organization dedicated to new vaccines for the world's poor, estimates that approximately 1.5 billion people are at risk for cholera globally.

Treatment of cholera involves replacement of lost fluid with oral or intravenous rehydration solution and antibiotics, which can be lifesaving and can shorten duration of illness. However, these interventions can be difficult to administer when there are inadequate medical facilities, as is often the case in complex humanitarian emergencies. In addition, rapid progression of the disease means that there is only a narrow therapeutic window, making effective treatment a challenge.

Fortunately, three oral cholera vaccines are available. Dukoral produced by Crucell of Sweden consists of killed V. cholerae cells and recombinant cholera toxin B.
'/>"/>

Contact: Tae Kyung Byun
tkbyun@ivi.int
822-881-1159
International Vaccine Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. Cholera and vaccine experts urge United States to stockpile vaccine
2. Holiday Drinking Can Kill, Experts Warn
3. Airport Body Scanners Safe, Experts Say
4. Military experts provide civilian surgeons with guidance on handling bomb blast injuries
5. Winter Skies Still Pose Sun Danger, Experts Warn
6. Fortify HIT contracts with education and ethics to protect patient safety, say informatics experts
7. Medicare Part D Changes Not Overwhelming, Experts Say
8. Experts present new testing methods at international meeting in New Orleans, Nov. 14-18
9. Overheating in Infants Can Lead to SIDS, Experts Warn
10. Experts issue recommendations for treatment of post-bariatric surgery patients
11. From cholera to blindness, experts present cutting-edge research at international meeting
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/19/2014)... the wonder material graphene has been used to detect ... , The biosensor has been shown to be ... currently in use, and was able to provide results ... of a rapid, point-of-care diagnostic tool for patients. , ... IOP Publishing,s journal 2D Materials . , To ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... September 19, 2014 The ... traditional Scandinavian style of eating, is making ... like Diet Doc’s medical weight loss ... and eating good food which leads to ... on teaching patients to understand how diet ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... September 19, 2014 Activz Whole-Food Nutrition ... Smoothie product, a new whole-food produce powder smoothie, ... Baltimore, MD. Activz Greens Smoothie is a ... one convenient – and absolutely delicious —Greens Smoothie. Details ... Baltimore, MD. , The new ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... Accident Research & Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q) study ... Conference (OSIT) which is being held on the Gold ... CARRS-Q road safety researcher, said speed limit credibility was ... related traffic controls remained in place at inactive roadwork ... are asked to slow down at roadwork sites but ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... Lifeinsuranceprices.info has released a new blog post announcing ... online. , Clients who smoke or use other ... quotes from multiple providers on a single website. Insurance ... Smoking will always influence life insurance prices, in a ... for life coverage and if they have health issues, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Graphene sensor tracks down cancer biomarkers 2Health News:Diet Doc’s Medical Weight Loss Programs Announce Diet Plans Based on the Same Principles as the New Nordic Diet 2Health News:Diet Doc’s Medical Weight Loss Programs Announce Diet Plans Based on the Same Principles as the New Nordic Diet 3Health News:Diet Doc’s Medical Weight Loss Programs Announce Diet Plans Based on the Same Principles as the New Nordic Diet 4Health News:New Activz Greens Smoothie with 8 Organic Superfoods & More Launched at Natural Products Expo East 2Health News:New Activz Greens Smoothie with 8 Organic Superfoods & More Launched at Natural Products Expo East 3Health News:Don't cry wolf: Drivers fed up with slowing down at inactive roadwork sites 2Health News:Smokers Can Compare Term Life Insurance Quotes At Lifeinsuranceprices.info! 2
... with breast cancer are more likely to have traces ... of the fungicide hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were present in them. ... HCB actually cause breast cancer. The pesticides banned in ... in developing countries. DDT, HCB and other environmental endocrine ...
... members were confirmed as SARS patients. The doctors quarantined the ... the first major occurrence of SARS in India. The bride's ... positive for the illness after traveling to Maharashtra state from ... for SARS during the journey. //The man, a cloth merchant ...
... and Wellness Foundation is predicting a 300pc rise in the ... experts say this figure is possibly a little high. In ... an epidemic of type two diabetes is to occur. If ... disease, blindness and kidney failure. It is also estimated that ...
... number two cause of cancer death among American men. ... definitive local therapy, prostate cancer recur in 21% of ... whether the disease is localized or includes distant metastases. ... PSA has proven the most effective way to detect ...
... in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People ... is broken down into a sugar called glucose, which ... body. Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the ... People with diabetes can prevent or delay complications by ...
... with diabetes should not take hormone replacement therapy. Researchers in ... HRT increase their chances of dying early. Researchers also said ... disease or having a heart attack. They studied 13,084 women ... had taken HRT. They found that women with diabetes who ...
Cached Medicine News:
(Date:9/18/2014)... ... the addition of the  "Sugar Alcohols - ... offering.       (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769) , ... Sugar Alcohols in Million Pounds by the ... Cosmetics, Oral-Care Products, and Others.  , ,The ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... 2014   MacPractice,s MacPractice MD MU version ... certification, which designates that the software is capable of ... Stage 2 Meaningful Use measures required to qualify for ... MacPractice MD MU version 5.0 was certified on June ... of the National Coordinator-Authorized Certification Body (ONC-ACB) and is ...
(Date:9/18/2014)...  Casen Buswell has a rare vascular condition that causes ... is one of only 14 known cases of glomuvenous malformations ... the United States , and one of ... dual wave-length laser, is Methodist Children,s Hospital, a campus of ... a laser available in South Texas ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Sugar Alcohols - Global Strategic Business Report 201 2Sugar Alcohols - Global Strategic Business Report 201 3MacPractice MD MU Achieves ONC HIT 2014 Edition Complete EHR Certification from ICSA Labs 2MacPractice MD MU Achieves ONC HIT 2014 Edition Complete EHR Certification from ICSA Labs 3MacPractice MD MU Achieves ONC HIT 2014 Edition Complete EHR Certification from ICSA Labs 4MacPractice MD MU Achieves ONC HIT 2014 Edition Complete EHR Certification from ICSA Labs 5Methodist Children's Hospital In San Antonio, TX Only Hospital In The U.S. Treating Rare Vascular Condition With Dual Wave-Length Laser 2
... United Therapeutics Corporation (Nasdaq: UTHR ) announced today that ... on Thursday, April 29, 2010 . , ... United Therapeutics will host a half-hour teleconference on ...  The teleconference is accessible by dialing 1-877-351-5881, with international callers dialing 1-970-315-0533. ...
... , China , April 21 /PRNewswire-Asia/ ... SCR ), a leading pharmaceutical company,specializing in the ... in China , today announced that its,diosmectite, the ... has passed EU-GMP inspection. This enables Simcere to,market diosmectite ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Simcere's Diosmectite API Passes EU-GMP Inspection 2
Intermittent catheter...
Intermittent catheter...
The SJM Sguin annuloplasty ring, a semi-rigid ring, is constructed of a one-piece solid core of ultra-high-weight polyethylene enclosed in a knitted polyester sewing cuff....
... Welcome to a new dimension ... a liquid tool composed of purified ... surgical capabilities. Perfluoron is ideal for ... vitreoretinopathy, giant retinal tears and trauma. ...
Medicine Products: