Hyperglycemia, or having high glucose levels in the blood, is a common, serious and costly health care problem in hospitalized patients. Today, The Endocrine Society released a clinical practice guideline (CPG) providing recommendations for practical and safe glycemic targets and describing protocols and system improvements required to achieve glycemic goals for hospitalized patients in a non-critical care setting.
Hyperglycemia is associated with increased risk of health complications and mortality, and can be found even in non-diabetic hospitalized patients. Observational studies report that hyperglycemia is present in 32 to 38 percent of patients in community hospitals. Improvement in glycemic control results in lower rates of hospital complications in general medicine and surgery patients. The new CPG suggests that all patients, independent of a prior diagnosis of diabetes, have their blood glucose levels tested upon admission to a hospital.
"Hyperglycemia is associated with prolonged hospital stay, increased incidence of infections and death in non-critically ill hospitalized patients," said Guillermo Umpierrez, MD, of Emory University in Atlanta, Ga. and chair of the task force that authored the CPG. "This new guideline contains consensus recommendations from experts in the field for the management of hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients in non-critical care settings."
Specific recommendations from the Society's CPG include:
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The Endocrine Society