Navigation Links
Experts recommend screening for vitamin D deficiency in at-risk populations
Date:6/6/2011

Today, The Endocrine Society released "Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline." The clinical practice guideline (CPG) is published in the July 2011 issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM), a publication of The Endocrine Society.

The major source of vitamin D for children and adults is exposure to natural sunlight as very few foods naturally contain or are fortified with vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency is common throughout the world and results in abnormalities of calcium, phosphorus and bone metabolism which can lead to muscle weakness, osteomalacia, osteopenia and osteoporosis. In children, vitamin D deficiency can result in skeletal deformities known as rickets.

"Vitamin D deficiency is very common in all age groups and it is important that physicians and health care providers have the best evidence-based recommendations for evaluating, treating and preventing vitamin D deficiency in patients at highest risk," said Michael F. Holick, PhD, MD, of the Boston University School of Medicine and chair of the task force that authored the CPG. "The Society's new Clinical Practice Guideline was developed by experts in the field who carefully reviewed the current literature and features the latest and most comprehensive recommendations available on the prevention and treatment of vitamin D deficiency."

Recommendations from the CPG include:

  • Screening for vitamin D deficiency in individuals at risk for deficiency;
  • Measurement of vitamin D level by a reliable assay as the initial diagnostic test in patients at risk for deficiency; and
  • Treatment with either vitaminD2 or vitamin D3 for deficient patients.

The CPG also features recommendations for dietary intake of vitamin D in patients at risk for vitamin D deficiency. These recommendations include:

  • Infants and children ages 0-1 year require at least 400 IU/day (IU=25 ng) of vitamin D and children 1 year and older require at least 600 IU/day to maximize bone health. To raise the blood level of vitamin D consistently above 30 ng/ml may require at least 1,000 IU/day of vitamin D;
  • Adults aged 19-50 years require at least 600 IU/day of vitamin D to maximize bone health and muscle function and at least 1,500-2,000 IU/day of vitamin D may be needed to maintain blood level of vitamin D above 30 ng/ml;
  • Adults aged 50-70 years and adults older than 70 years require at least 600 IU/day and 800 IU/day respectively of vitamin D. At least 1,500-2,000 IU/day of vitamin D may be needed to maintain blood level of vitamin D above 30 ng/ml; and
  • Pregnant and lactating women require at least 600 IU/day of vitamin D and at least 1,500 IU/day of vitamin D may be needed to maintain blood level of vitamin D above 30 ng/ml.

"At the present time, there is not sufficient evidence to recommend screening individuals who are not at risk for deficiency or to prescribe vitamin D to attain the non-calcemic benefit for cardiovascular protection," said Holick.


'/>"/>

Contact: Aaron Lohr
alohr@endo-society.org
240-482-1380
The Endocrine Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Deadly E. Coli Strain in Europe Should Serve as Warning, Experts Say
2. Experts Recommend Cardiac Screening for College Athletes
3. Earpieces Can Minimize Possible Risks From Cellphones, Experts Say
4. Health data forum features dynamic apps, experts on June 9
5. Gestational Diabetes Predictable Before Pregnancy, Experts Say
6. Experts Say Stroke Care Differs for U.S. Minorities
7. Experts Issue Top 5 List for Better Primary Care
8. States should be allowed to implement key health reform law provisions early, experts say
9. Experts Say Cholesterol Screenings Should Start in Childhood
10. Experts explore digital technologies potential to improve health care
11. Airlines Need Better Prep for In-Flight Medical Crises: Experts
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Local chiropractor Dr. Jason ... 21, 2016. Dr. Gerard, who holds a Doctorate of Chiropractic and Bachelors of ... health and wellness in Third World countries where resources are limited. , ChiroMission ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... The Dream ... clothing, supplies and other necessities to Eunime Orphanage in Tijuana, Mexico on Saturday, May ... play games at Peter Piper Pizza. , More than 15 volunteers traveled from ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... The old expression “a pain in the ... injury that’s often misunderstood, whiplash should be swiftly diagnosed and treated if those affected ... at Atlantic Spine Center . , So named because of the whip-like, ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... After graduating from Cornell, author ... next decade in hospitals, on medication, living on Social Security disability and staying in ... and How I Beat It!” (published by Balboa Press), Alexander shares how he was ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... ... Dignity Health has announced it will be opening a new freestanding emergency ... Health Arizona General Hospital, which opened last year in the West Valley. , ... facility will complement Dignity Health’s existing hospitals’ emergency departments. “We are focused on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016   Purdue ... entered into an agreement with Egalet Corporation and ... claims. As part of the agreement the companies ... will enable all three companies to develop and ... "This agreement reflects the commitment of ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... - Revenue Forecasts And ... Hormones, Recombinant Coagulation Factors and Regenerative Medicine ... Study Reveals Selling Opportunities and Revenue Prospects to ... is the future of biologics, especially new drug ... analysis. Staying ahead in data and knowledge, you ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... , May 19,2016 Cellvizio ... Digestive Disease Week Meeting and 91 st ... Mauna Kea Technologies (Euronext: MKEA, OTCQX: MKEAY) ... platform, today announced that its Cellvizio platform is ... on gastroenterology during the month of May. The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: