Navigation Links
Experts Release New Cystic Fibrosis Guidelines
Date:11/15/2007

Includes updated info on which drugs work, which don't

THURSDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Experts on Thursday issued new clinical standards for the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF).

The guidelines were based on a two-year review of published research on patients aged six and older.

"Physicians treating patients with CF are faced with a growing number of treatment options. We are hopeful that clinicians will find these recommendations to be useful in their care of patients with CF," the guidelines' lead author, Dr. Patrick A. Flume, said in a prepared statement.

CF is a genetic disease that affects the lungs and other organs. It's characterized by thick, sticky mucus that makes it almost impossible for CF patients to fight off germs and infections. The disease is always fatal, and lung disease accounts for 85 percent of deaths among CF patients. However, advances in treatment in the last 60 years have increased life expectancy from just a few years to about 36 years.

Flume and his colleagues looked at a number of treatments and rated their effectiveness. Those with the strongest, most consistent results were given an "A" grade recommendation. They are:

  • Inhaled tobramycin -- an antibiotic -- to suppress chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in CF patients with moderate to severe disease, to improve lung function and reduce exacerbations.
  • Dornase alfa, which degrades the free DNA that accumulates in CF mucus, thereby loosening the mucus, promoting airway clearance, improving lung function and reducing exacerbations.

"B" grade recommendations were given for:

  • Inhaled tobramycin, to suppress Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in CF patients with mild disease or who are asymptomatic, to reduce exacerbations.
  • Dornase alfa, for CF patients with mild disease who are asymptomatic, to improve lung function and reduce exacerbations.
  • Hypertonic saline, which hydrates surface liquid in patients with CF, thereby improving lung function and decreasing exacerbations.
  • Beta 2-adrenergic receptor agonists, which relax smooth muscles and dilate bronchial passages, which improve lung function in CF patients, and are well-tolerated.

The guidelines recommend against:

  • Systemic corticosteroids in children because of "an excess number of adverse events," including abnormalities in glucose metabolism, cataracts, and percentage of patients "colonized" with Pseudomonas. This recommendation excludes patients with concomitant asthma.
  • Inhaled corticosteroids, because there's no clinical benefit. This recommendation excludes patients who also have asthma, however.
  • Prophylactic anti-Staphylococcal antibiotics because of the lack of clinical efficacy and an apparent increase in P. aeruginosa infections with their use.

There wasn't sufficient evidence to recommend for or against other types of treatment, said Flume and his colleagues.

The guidelines are published in the second issue for November of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

More information

The March of Dimes has more about cystic fibrosis.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: American Thoracic Society, news release, Nov. 15, 2007


'/>"/>
Copyright©2007 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Research Links TV/Video Game Playing With Child Obesity; Health Experts Back a New Approach
2. MultiVu Video Feed: PUBLIC HEALTH EXPERTS CONVENE TO DISCUSS THE TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF RABIES
3. Health IT Event Draws Experts to the Pacific Northwest
4. Experts Sort Out Good Fats From Bad
5. Experts Offer Tips on Lung Cancer Prevention
6. March of Dimes, Experts for Moms and Babies, Launches Podcast
7. World fertility experts to meet in Montreal - IVF and IVM patients to provide first-person accounts at 14th World Congress
8. Bay IVF Experts Launch One of First East-West Fertility Programs of Its Kind
9. Experts propose cholesterol tests at 15 months of age
10. Experts Publish New Lung Disease Guidelines
11. Experts, Advocates Available to Comment on Hillary Clintons Health Care Plan
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/10/2016)... ... December 10, 2016 , ... The Pennsylvania ... recently joined forces with other healthcare organizations to promote diabetes education at the ... Harrisburg, featured a variety of speakers from around the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... WA (PRWEB) , ... December 09, 2016 , ... ... financial planning assistance from offices in Pasco and Richland, is initiating a charity ... overcome serious injuries resulting from a recent automobile collision. , On October ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... The Justin Veatch ... Inc. (NCADD) is recommending the film Whispering Spirits and its discussion ... of Columbia as an education tool in the war against teen drug abuse. ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... Fort Lee, NJ (PRWEB) , ... December 09, ... ... the 2016 Founders Ball at The Pierre Hotel in New York, NY, on ... 700 friends, benefactors, dignitaries and physicians attended the annual event, which raised over ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... become Quality Insights beginning January 1, 2017. The name change aligns the ... to measuring and improving health care quality. , “We are very proud of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 KEY FINDINGS ... Patient ... loss of blood during surgeries, lowering the risks of neurological ... risks of SSIs. The patient warming systems can be segmented ... systems.These benefits in turn reduce the stay at hospitals thus, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Global Interventional Radiology Market: ... global interventional radiology market analyzes the current and ... an elaborate executive summary, including a market snapshot ... sub-segments. The research is a combination of ... bulk of our research efforts along with information ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 KEY FINDINGS ... largest share of the market in 2016 and is ... can be attributed to a large number of surgical ... hold the largest share in the patient temperature management ... such as reducing loss of blood during surgeries, lowering ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: