Navigation Links
Experts Optimistic About Melanoma Vaccine

Phase 3 study reports improved survival for those with advanced disease,,

SATURDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) --A vaccine for advanced melanoma has shown promise in a new study.

Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. The five year-survival rates for local and metastatic melanoma are 65 percent and 16 percent, respectively. In 2009, an estimated 69,000 people in the United States will be diagnosed with melanoma and about 8,600 will die of the disease, according to the American Cancer Society.

The study, a phase 3 clinical trial involving 185 people, found that using the peptide vaccine in combination with the immunotherapy drug Interleukin-2 improved response rates and progression-free survival, according to University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center researchers, who said it was the first phase 3 trial to show a clinical benefit in a vaccine for melanoma.

Response rate and progression-free survival were 22.1 percent and 2.9 months, respectively, in people given the vaccine, compared with 9.7 percent and 1.6 months for those who were not vaccinated. Median overall survival was 17.6 months for the vaccine group and 12.8 months for the others.

The study, which was to be presented Saturday at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology in Orlando, Fla., was funded in part by Novartis, which makes Interleukin-2.

"Obviously this is a disease, in its advanced setting, in need of better therapies for our patients," study co-author Dr. Patrick Hwu, a professor and chairman of M.D. Anderson's Department of Melanoma Medical Oncology, said in a news release from the center.

"While more follow-up is needed, this study serves as a proof-of-principle for vaccines' role in melanoma and in cancer therapy overall," Hwu said. "If we can use the body's own defense system to attack tumor cells, we provide a mechanism for ridding the body of cancer without destroying healthy tissue."

The vaccine, called gp100:209-217 (200M), works by stimulating T-cells, which control immune response.

"This vaccine activates the body's cytotoxic T-cells to recognize antigens on the surface of the tumor," Hwu said. "The T-cells then secrete enzymes that poke holes in the tumor cell's membrane, causing it to disintegrate."

More information

The Skin Cancer Foundation has more about melanoma.

--Robert Preidt

SOURCE: University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, news release, May 30, 2009

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. PRA International Oncology Experts at ASCO
2. Experts Urge Less Weight Gain for Obese Women in Pregnancy
3. Body Shaping Gets the Spotlight with Industry Experts and Celebrity Guest to Showcase SmoothShapes(R) and SmoothLipo(TM) Systems at THE Aesthetic Show in Las Vegas
4. Pain Medicine Experts Recommend Monitoring, Education for All Opioid Medicines
5. Experts Say Recommended Daily Dosage for Vitamin D is Grossly Inadequate
6. Experts to Discuss Worksite Preparedness Measures During May 19th Pandemic Flu Webinars
7. The Climate Project Brings Together Historic Gathering of World's Experts on Climate Change
8. Old diabetes drug teaches experts new tricks
9. Health Experts Plot Strategy for Swine Flu Vaccine
10. Diabetes Experts Partner With Novo Nordisk to Provide New Patient Materials
11. Global Warming Biggest Health Threat of 21st Century, Experts Say
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Experts Optimistic About Melanoma Vaccine 
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... 28, 2015 , ... Safe storage for contraceptive devices may not always be ... New Jersey and the other from Bradley Beach, New Jersey, there is an easy ... of having to replace NuvaRings more often than necessary. As such, it affords peace ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... According ... at the recent 2015 American Dental Association meeting in Washington D.C. revolved around the ... protect a patient’s overall health. The talk stressed the link between periodontal disease (more ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... and convenient way to dispense prescription medications at home, so he invented the ... to monitor and dispense prescription medications. In doing so, it could help to ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... MPWH, the No.1 Herpes-only dating community in the world, revealed that over 50% of ... than 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 – or 67% of the population ... global estimates of HSV-1 infection . , "The data shocks us highly!" said Michelle ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Keeping in mind challenges faced by parents ... consultation, has collaborated with a leading web-based marketplace for extra-curricular activities for children ... and bring advice from parenting experts within their reach. As a part of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> adds "Global ... and "Investigation Report on China Repaglinide ... 2021 forecasts data and information to ... . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Nov. 26, 2015 Research and Markets ... the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ... Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging ... --> --> This ... the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ... European Cell Surface Marker Testing Market: ...  report to their offering.  --> ... addition of the  "2016 Future Horizons ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: