Navigation Links
Experimental agent briefly eases depression rapidly in test
Date:12/12/2012

A drug that works through the same brain mechanism as the fast-acting antidepressant ketamine briefly improved treatment-resistant patients' depression symptoms in minutes, with minimal untoward side effects, in a clinical trial conducted by the National Institutes of Health. The experimental agent, called AZD6765, acts through the brain's glutamate chemical messenger system.

Existing antidepressants available through prescription, which work through the brain's serotonin system, take a few weeks to work, imperiling severely depressed patients, who can be at high risk for suicide. Ketamine also works in hours, but its usefulness is limited by its potential for dissociative side-effects, including hallucinations. It is being studied mostly for clues to how it works.

"Our findings serve as a proof of concept that we can tap into an important component of the glutamate pathway to develop a new generation of safe, rapid-acting practical treatments for depression," said Carlos Zarate, M.D., of the NIH's National Institute of Mental Health, which conducted the research.

Zarate, and colleagues, reported on their results online Dec. 1, 2012 in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

AZD6765, like ketamine, works by blocking glutamate binding to a protein on the surface of neurons, called the NMDA receptor. It is a less powerful blocker of the NMDA receptor, which may be a reason why it is better tolerated than ketamine.

About 32 percent of 22 treatment-resistant depressed patients infused with ASD6765 showed a clinically meaningful antidepressant response at 80 minutes after infusion that lasted for about half an hour with residual antidepressant effects lasting two days for some. By contrast, 52 percent of patients receiving ketamine show a comparable response, with effects still detectable at seven days. So a single infusion of ketamine produces more robust and sustained improvement, but most patients continue to experience some symptoms with both drugs.

However, depression rating scores were significantly better among patients who received AZD6765 than in those who received placebos. The researchers deemed this noteworthy, since, on average, these patients had failed to improve in seven past antidepressant trials, and nearly half failed to respond to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).

The patients reported only minor side effects, such as dizziness and nausea, which were not significantly different from those experienced with the placebo.

Zarate and colleagues say their results warrant further trials with AZD6765, testing whether repeated infusions a few times per week or higher doses might produce longer-lasting results.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jules Asher
NIMHpress@nih.gov
301-443-4536
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NIH-funded trial launched to assess experimental TB drug
2. Experimental graft-vs.-host disease treatment equivalent to standard care in Phase 3 trial
3. Experimental Antidepressant Appears Quick-Acting, Safe
4. More than a third of high-risk leukemia patients respond to an experimental new drug
5. Updated Clinical Results Show Experimental Agent Ibrutinib as Highly Active in CLL Patients
6. Experimental Insomnia Drug Shows Promise
7. Experimental Dengue Vaccine Shows Some Success
8. Standard chemotherapy provides higher survival rate than experimental in lung cancer patients
9. Cancer turns off important immune cells, complicating experimental vaccine therapies
10. Experimental Drug May Cut Severe Asthma Attacks: Study
11. Experimental Drug Suppresses Appetite in Mice: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... Two years ago, Arizona State University ... live by 1 million viewers and won numerous honors, including the region’s top ... the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication are following up their ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... the launch of its 60-day free trial program for all of the company’s ... the offer a truly hassle free experience. , FlexiSpot’s unique desktop risers use ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... of two ostomy patients, standing as living proof that attitude and determination can ... diseases and issues that spike around the holidays. This campaign will offer patients ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... The PAINWeekEnd Regional Conference will ... Spa in Honolulu, offering local frontline clinicians the opportunity to extend their certified ... demand for supplemental training related to pain management has surged dramatically in recent ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... "Pro3rd Accents ... FCPX editors to create versatile lower third titles with just a few clicks of ... Accents Volume 2 includes 30 lower third animations. Choose from various styles with accented ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... ALEXANDRIA, Va. , Dec. 2, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... year by the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy ... care organizations can better address the opioid addiction ... Medication Assisted Therapies (MAT). ATAG,s newly ... in Improving Access to Naloxone," addresses many issues ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016  Maxor National Pharmacy Services, LLC ("Maxor"), today announced ... ("PSI").  The combination of Texas -based Maxor ... PSI bring together both company,s clinical expertise and high-touch patient ... industry-leading specialty pharmacy. About Maxor ... , , ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 2, 2016 CVS Health Corporation ... Analyst Day in New York City on Thursday, December 15, 2016, beginning ... leadership team will provide an in-depth review of the ... value. The company will also discuss 2017 earnings guidance ... webcast of the event will be broadcast simultaneously on ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: