Navigation Links
Experimental Insomnia Drug Shows Promise
Date:11/28/2012

By Amy Norton
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A new insomnia drug helped people get a bit more shut-eye in a lab study, researchers report.

The drug, known as suvorexant, is being developed by Merck Research Laboratories, which funded and conducted the study. The medication is not available yet, but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is reviewing it for possible approval, the researchers said.

In the United States, about 10 percent of people say they have chronic insomnia, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are sleep aids on the market, but they do not work for everyone and they can have side effects that include sleepwalking, daytime drowsiness and confusion.

Suvorexant works differently from those drugs, zeroing in on specific brain chemicals involved in the ability to sleep, explained study author Dr. William Herring, executive director of clinical research at Merck.

The study, published online Nov. 28 and in the Dec. 4 print issue of the journal Neurology, included 254 healthy adults with primary insomnia, which means it wasn't caused by an underlying physical or mental health problem.

All of the patients spent four weeks on one of four doses of suvorexant and another four weeks on placebo pills. They had their sleep monitored in a sleep lab on their first night with each treatment, and then came back again after four weeks.

Overall, Herring's team found, people slept better with the drug, although the improvement was not dramatic.

At the outset, when patients spent eight hours in bed, they were typically asleep for 66 percent of that time. One day on suvorexant boosted that by anywhere from 5 percent to 13 percent, relative to the placebo. Between 21 and 37 fewer minutes were spent awake during those sleep periods.

There was still a benefit four weeks later. One expert pointed out, however, that the benefit was small.

"The amount of additional sleep was not tremendous," said Dr. Carl Bazil, director of the division of epilepsy and sleep at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center.

The effect was essentially comparable to what has been seen with other sleep medications, said Bazil, who was not involved in the research.

But, he said, suvorexant is seen as a potentially important development in the world of sleep medicine, because the drug blocks specific brain chemicals called orexins, which help keep people awake. Standard sleep medications work more widely throughout the brain, Bazil explained, which is why they can have a host of side effects.

"The way [suvorexant] works makes a lot of sense," Bazil said. "The hope is that it will help some people who haven't responded to [other drugs], and have fewer side effects."

It's promising news, Bazil added, that there were no serious side effects in this study.

The most common side effects were sleepiness (reported by about 10 percent of patients on the two higher doses of suvorexant), headache (reported by about 5 percent), dizziness and abnormal dreams (5 percent).

There are still many questions, including whether the drug would benefit people with insomnia due to a health condition, which doctors call secondary insomnia.

The study also excluded adults aged 65 or older -- an age group commonly affected by insomnia. But, Herring said, seniors were part of a larger, 12-month trial, and Merck has submitted those results to the FDA.

Another sleep specialist said the findings show "some potential benefit" from suvorexant, but he cautioned insomnia sufferers against relying completely on any drug.

"Medication can be important," said Dr. William Kohler, who directs the Florida Sleep Institute in Spring Hill. "But in the long run, the best methods for treating insomnia are behavioral techniques."

Kohler said cognitive behavioral therapy -- where people learn to change the thoughts and habits that affect their sleep quality -- is a proven way to manage insomnia. For most people, he said, medication should be a temporary treatment; behavior change is the long-term fix.

Bazil agreed: "I look at most people with insomnia as someone who developed bad sleep habits."

A drug, ideally used for a short time, may help encourage sleep and get people on the right track, Bazil said. "But those bad sleep habits -- you've got to address them too," he added.

"The problem," Kohler noted, "is that we don't want to make behavior changes. We want to pop a pill."

More information

Learn more about insomnia and good sleep habits from the National Sleep Foundation.

SOURCES: Carl Bazil, M.D., Ph.D., director, division of epilepsy and sleep, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, New York City; William Kohler, M.D., medical director, Florida Sleep Institute, Spring Hill, Fla.; William Herring, M.D., Ph.D., Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Whitehouse Station, N.J.; Dec. 4, 2012, Neurology


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Experimental Dengue Vaccine Shows Some Success
2. Standard chemotherapy provides higher survival rate than experimental in lung cancer patients
3. Cancer turns off important immune cells, complicating experimental vaccine therapies
4. Experimental Drug May Cut Severe Asthma Attacks: Study
5. Experimental Drug Suppresses Appetite in Mice: Study
6. Experimental Chemical Helps Blind Mice See
7. Experimental drug may extend therapeutic window for stroke
8. Fertility preservation with cryopreservation of ovarian tissue: from experimental to mainstream
9. Content Writing King Announces Cancellation Of Experimental Video Creation Process For Their Article Marketing Website
10. Experimental Vaccine Seems to Stop Nicotine Addiction in Mice
11. Experimental drug improves muscle strength among male cancer patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Experimental Insomnia Drug Shows Promise
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... 26, 2017 , ... Today, A' Design Awards & Competition ... Social Design Awards. , The 7th A' Social Design Award is open ... worldwide with realized projects and conceptual works. , The first phase of the ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... , ... February 26, 2017 ... ... a new technology standard in staffing, scheduling, and reporting for healthcare organizations. ... predict activity throughout the entire staffing process. StaffBridge technology improves staffing efficiency, ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... newly designed TaskMate Go. Core benefits and advantages built into the home office ... stylish, functional look and feel. Ability to gain the benefits embedded in the ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... Liberty University, has officially announced the appointment of Peter A. Bell, DO, MBA, ... Osteopathic Medicine (LUCOM), beginning April 10. Dr. Bell comes to Liberty from ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The narrative in “ Signal 8: An Australian Paramedic’s Story ... his paramedic experiences. Schanssema describes the tragedies he saw, as well as his struggles ... , Schanssema, initially unsure of the career path he wanted to take, found fulfillment ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/27/2017)... Feb 27, 2017 Period October – December 2016 ... Operating result amounted to SEK -16.4 (-6.4) million Result after ... (-0.22) before and after dilution Cash flow from operating activities ... ... 0.4 (0.4) million Operating result amounted to SEK -39.5 (-29.5) ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017 Research and ... Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report ... ... a CAGR of around 23.8% over the next decade to reach ... the market estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 24, 2017 Research and Markets has announced the ... 2016" report to their offering. ... The latest research Dry eye Drugs Price Analysis and Strategies ... eye market. The research answers the following questions: ... their clinical attributes? How are they positioned in the Global Dry eye ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: