Tezosentan didn't change outcomes for patients with sudden, life-threatening attacks, trial shows
TUESDAY, Nov. 6 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental kind of medication has failed as treatment for the emergency condition known as acute heart failure, a new trial finds.
The drug, tezosentan, did not improve patients' breathlessness, reduce their incidence of major cardiovascular events, or cut their risk of death after acute heart failure, concludes an international study published in the Nov. 7 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
"This is an investigational new drug that is an endothelin receptor blocker," explained study co-author Dr. John R. Teerlink, an associate professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.
Endothelin is "one of the most potent vasoconstrictors known," Teerlink said, meaning that it causes blood vessels to become narrower. In fact, it has similar properties to snake venom, he said.
Episodes of acute heart failure can occur in people with chronic heart failure, in which the heart slowly loses the ability to pump blood. The loss of that ability occurs suddenly in an acute episode, leaving a person gasping for breath. The lungs can fill rapidly with fluid, and the episode can be fatal.
While chronic heart failure is routinely managed with a variety of drugs, including beta blockers and fluid-reducing diuretics, "all the available agents for acute heart failure have significant side effects," Teerlink said.
Many existing medications, such as nitroglycerin, act by causing blood vessels to become wider, improving blood low. Tezosentan would act differently, by preventing blood vessels from narrowing.
In the study, more than 1,400 people who suffered episodes of acute heart failure were either given infusions of tezosentan for up to 72 hours or a placebo.
The drug did not improve breathlessness m
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