Navigation Links
Experiences of rape unique to Rwandan women survivors of genocide
Date:12/10/2008

Durban, South Africa December 10, 2008 In recent conflicts, most notably in Rwanda, women and girls have been systematically raped as a policy of war. During the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, Hutu leaders ordered their troops to rape Tutsi women as part of their genocidal campaign. United Nations' officials estimated that a quarter of a million women were raped and subjected to sexual violence on a massive scale. A new study published in the Journal of Nursing Scholarship explores the lived experience of women who were raped during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda and finds many themes unique to Rwandan women survivors.

While rape is always a matter of regulating power relations between the sexes, some differences exist between rape in peacetime and wartime. Donatilla Mukamana, Head of Mental Health Department, Kigali Health Institute, Rwanda (and Masters degree student at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa) and Petra Brysiewicz, Ph.D.,of the University of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa (research supervisor), interviewed seven women who were raped during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. The researchers gathered data that were focused on what happened in the lives of the women and what was important about their experiences.

The participants reported many themes specific to the rape victims who survived the Rwandan genocide.

The women felt violated by perceived inferiors as well as a loss of dignity and respect. To be a woman in Rwandan society implies respect from all members of the community. Women were humiliated by public rape, which was carried out in the community by those who were supposed to respect them.

The women felt a loss of identity, loss of hope for the future, and social isolation. In Rwanda, rape and other gender-based violations carry a severe social stigma. Children resulting from rape were seen as being difficult to integrate into Rwandan society and were a source of conflict since they were a constant reminder of what happened during the genocide. The genocide also destroyed support networks because participants lost many members of their community and family.

Bringing rape survivors together in an association like AVEGA (Association of the Widows of the Genocide of April) allows them to recreate a community for themselves. AVEGA helped participants overcome their sense of isolation and gave them medical, psychological, and material help.

The results can help nurses to understand war and rape, and thus have needed information which can be used to offer assistance to women in these circumstances. "It is hoped that the information regarding the women's actual experiences will create awareness and some understanding of what these women endured," the authors conclude.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amy Molnar
professionalnews@bos.blackwellpublishing.net
201-748-8844
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Guardians Dental Network Experiences Double-Digit Growth
2. WellPoint Taps Zagat Survey to Help Consumers Rate Experiences with Their Doctors
3. Greenway Experiences Quick Success in the Community EHR Marketplace by Securing Contracts with 10 Community-Based Health Organizations
4. Blind Tibetan Teenagers Featured in Award-Winning Film, Blindsight, Unite with Students from Junior Blind of America to Share Life Experiences
5. Candidate Experiences Life in Homecare Workers Shoes
6. MedAptus Experiences Record Growth of 70 Percent
7. Introspective experiences inform inferences about similar people -- but not dissimilar
8. Increasing positive experiences decreases depression symptoms in patients with multiple sclerosis
9. OneTouch(R) Laugh & Learn Sweepstakes to Award Scholarships for Summer Camp Experiences to Children with Diabetes
10. Greenway Medical Technologies Experiences Continued Growth in OB/GYN Marketplace
11. New research shows consistency in synaesthetic experiences
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... 50% lower incidence rate of type 2 diabetes in the GrassrootsHealth cohort with ... time to make a change in public health,” states Carole Baggerly, Director of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Guruji Mahendra Kumar Trivedi is offering ... 2016 in honor of his birthday on February 10th. During this time, people ... is known by over 250,000 people from over 40 different countries as an “ordinary ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... Metamora, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... recognition of National Wear Red Day. National Wear Red Day is the first ... in women. Heart disease and stroke cause 1 in 3 deaths among women each ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... 06, 2016 , ... US Sports Camps is proud to sponsor the Bay ... together top non-profit leaders, ultimate organizations, and coaches from around the US. The theme ... Disc Program Director of Youth and Education, describes this year YUCC as “an important ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... SARASOTA, Florida (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... an event he has completed every year since it started in 2003. This year, ... attracting the attention of fellow runners and NBA team the Miami Heat. , This ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)...   Bernstein Liebhard LLP today announced that a ... District Court for the District of Arizona ... all persons or entities who purchased common shares of Insys ... from March 3, 2015 through January 25, 2016 (the "Class ... with violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 2016  Montoya Love is recognized by Continental Who,s ... Pharmaceuticals. Montoya is the Regulatory Systems Operations Manager with ... Manufacturing and selling a broad range ... provides healthcare institutions, clinical laboratories and life science researchers ... the globe. ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- Frontier Pharma: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) ... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a ... airways and lungs. Persistent breathing difficulties and repeated ... of the leading causes of morbidity and the ... is linked to cumulative exposure to risk factors, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: