Navigation Links
Exercise programs could help to prevent fall injuries in older people
Date:10/29/2013

Exercise programmes designed to prevent falls in older adults also appear to prevent injuries caused by falls, suggests a paper published today on bmj.com.

Fall-related injuries are very common among older people and are a major cause of long-term pain and functional impairment. They also increase the risk of discharge to a nursing home and have a high economic cost.

Well-designed exercise programmes can prevent falls in older adults living at home. However, evidence to date that these programmes can prevent injuries caused by falls is poor.

Researchers from France therefore looked to see whether fall-prevention exercise programmes are associated with a significantly lower risk of fractures and other injuries due to falls. The main aim of the paper was to review the current evidence about the effect of exercise interventions on different outcomes of injurious falls.

Data were taken from the Cochrane Library, Pubmed, EMBASE and CINAHIL through June 2013. The review included 17 trials with a total of 2195 participants in the exercise group and 2110 in the control groups. The mean age was 76 years and 77% were women.

Tai Chi was the exercise in two of the trials but the rest consisted of gait, balance and functional training (exercise which involves training for activities performed in daily life). Most trials also included strength / resistance training exercises.

The review revealed substantial variations in the definition and classification of injurious falls and most trials did not provide a reference for their definition. Injurious falls usually included very diverse consequences ranging from relatively minor injuries such as bruises to fractures and other serious injuries requiring hospitalisations. Four injurious falls categories were therefore distinguished for this review, based on severity or medical care.

Most of the exercise interventions tended to reduce injurious falls in all categories. Exercise seemed to significantly decrease the rate of falls resulting in medical care, serious injuries and fractures.

This review provides evidence that fall prevention exercise programmes for older people not only reduce fall rates but also prevent injuries resulting from falls in older community-dwelling individuals. The researchers say this effect appears most pronounced for the most severe fall-related injuries.

All the exercises that proved to be effective for fall prevention emphasised balance training which the researchers say is "ample evidence that this type of programme improves balance ability". They also add that this may be down to "improving cognitive functioning".

The researchers say that this review, the first of its kind, suggests that "reducing the risk of falling and improving protective responses during a fall may be an important and feasible means of preventing fractures and other serious injuries in the elderly". They add this finding is especially important as most fractures in the population occur in older people at moderate "bone risk" for their age and that "additional effective strategies that can be proposed to larger segments of the elderly population will be necessary to reduce the burden of fractures".

In conclusion, the researchers say that the results show a "positive effect of exercise on injurious falls, including the most severe falls". They add that the results provide useful additional evidence for health care providers to encourage patients to take part in exercise fall-prevention programmes. They suggest that future trials should aim to address some of the limitations by providing data on other important outcomes, such as the quality of life.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Burns
sburns@bmj.com
44-020-738-36920
BMJ-British Medical Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Explore How to Build Muscle Fast for Skinny Guys With Useful Nutrition Tips and Exercises – Healthreviewcenter
2. Secret Strategy Used to Get Children to Exercise Revealed in New Book
3. New Home Workout Site: Workout Anywhere by RundleFit Offers Recipes, Challenges, Exercises, Coaching and More With Email Subscription
4. Wayne State receives grant to examine exercises effects on proteins in muscles
5. Dr. V. Finally Authors Children's Exercise Book - No Charge on Kindle Today Only
6. New Study Finds Benefits of Combining Blueberries and Exercise
7. Gym and Exercise Equipment Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report from IBISWorld Has Been Updated
8. AxoGen, Inc. Announces Exercise of Over-Allotment Option
9. Exercises to Lose Weight
10. How “Natural Weight Loss Code” Helps People Get Rid of Fat Quickly – Vkoolelite
11. How To Lower High Blood Pressure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... For over twenty-four years, Doctors on Liens has published a directory of ... quality medical care. When the company started in 1997, the directory was a single ... and the now ten-page directory features a vast array of medical specialists stretching ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Portland, Maine (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... support group for caregivers of those affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other ... and Easter Seals Maine, will give parents and other caregivers the opportunity to share ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... December 02, ... ... today, featuring an inspirational interview of two ostomy patients, standing as living proof ... million people suffer from digestive diseases and issues that spike around the holidays. ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Wilmington, Delaware (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... has released a new version of its SaaS LIMS, CloudLIMS Lite. CloudLIMS Lite ... from sample entry through labeling, storing, shipping and disposal. The new version is ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... Rijuven ... stress and overall health, day and night. No other wearable health technology on the ... We wanted to give poeple more meaningful insights about their health than the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... OLD LYME, Conn. , Dec. 1, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... consulting, has announced the honor of being selected as ... that include: Simpson Healthcare Executives Website at the PLATINUM ... Directed Conversations Training Module at the GOLD Level, and ... At Simpson Healthcare Executives, we are ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 2, 2016 Allergan plc (NYSE: ... additional information on its previously announced Accelerated Share Repurchase (ASR) ... ... As previously announced, the Company entered into ... which the Company will repurchase $10 billion of its ordinary ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... report to their offering. ... Detachable coil embolization is a minimally ... detachable coil embolization treatment of cerebral aneurysms is less invasive and requires ... in the wall of an artery in the brain. This area bulges ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: