Navigation Links
Exercise can substitute effectively as second 'medication' for people with depression
Date:8/23/2011

DALLAS Aug. 24, 2011 Exercise can be as effective as a second medication for as many as half of depressed patients whose condition have not been cured by a single antidepressant medication.

UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists involved in the investigation, recently published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, found that both moderate and intense levels of daily exercise can work as well as administering a second antidepressant drug, which is often used when initial medications don't move patients to remission. The type of exercise needed, however, depends on the characteristics of patients, including their gender.

These findings are the result of a four-year study conducted by UT Southwestern's psychiatry department in conjunction with the Cooper Institute in Dallas. The National Institute of Mental Health-funded study, begun in 2003, is one of the first controlled investigations in the U.S. to suggest that adding a regular exercise routine, combined with targeted medications, actually can relieve fully the symptoms of major depressive disorder.

"Many people who start on an antidepressant medication feel better after they begin treatment, but they still don't feel completely well or as good as they did before they became depressed," said Dr. Madhukar Trivedi, professor of psychiatry and the study's lead author. "This study shows that exercise can be as effective as adding another medication. Many people would rather use exercise than add another drug, particularly as exercise has a proven positive effect on a person's overall health and well-being."

Study participants diagnosed with depression, who ranged in age from 18 to 70 and who had not remitted with treatment using a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant medication, were divided into two groups. Each group received a different level of exercise intensity for 12 weeks. Sessions were supervised by trained staff at the Cooper Institute and augmented by home-based sessions.

Participants whose average depression length was seven years exercised on treadmills, cycle ergometers or both, kept an online diary of frequency and length of sessions, and wore a heart-rate monitor while exercising at home. They also met with a psychiatrist during the study.

By the end of the investigation, almost 30 percent of patients in both groups achieved full remission from their depression, and another 20 percent significant displayed improvement, based on standardized psychiatric measurements. Moderate exercise was more effective for women with a family history of mental illness, whereas intense exercise was more effective with women whose families did not have a history of the disease. For men, the higher rate of exercise was more effective regardless of other characteristics.

"This is an important result in that we found that the type of exercise that is needed depends on specific characteristics of the patient, illustrating that treatments may need to be tailored to the individual," said Dr. Trivedi, director of the Mood Disorders Research Program and Clinic at UT Southwestern. "It also points to a new direction in trying to determine factors that tell us which treatment may be the most effective."


'/>"/>

Contact: LaKisha Ladson
lakisha.ladson@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Exercise Success for People Over 50: Reports of Improved Fitness, Circulation and Balance
2. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
3. In Support of the Lets Move Campaign to Fight Childhood Obesity, Verizon Thinkfinity Providing Free Educational Resources on Nutrition and Exercise
4. Beat The Odds and Get Back on Track; Revitalizing Fitness Training and Exercise Resolutions With Newly Released, Complimentary Video Series
5. Is Your Exercise Routine Killing You?
6. Exercise helps protect brain of multiple sclerosis patients
7. Teens Might Exercise More If They Think Its Fun
8. Labopharm announces underwriters exercise of over-allotment option for recent public offering
9. As Temperature Plummets, Its Still Safe to Exercise
10. Exercise Can Quiet Anxiety That Comes With Illness
11. Obesity, Lack of Exercise Heighten Arthritis Risk for Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Yesterday, U.S. Senate Republicans revealed details ... and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Like the bill narrowly passed by ... a public health insurance program for low-income children, pregnant women, parents of dependent ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Everybody has their own personal preference when it comes ... and some people don't like it at all. FindaTopDoc took a look at what ... literature can give readers a taste of their deepest, darkest fantasies and has the ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... 21 Middle East and South Asia Leaders Selected as ... government, business and civil society in 11 countries across the Middle East and South ... a transformative exchange of knowledge and ideas with the leading minds in their fields. ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Ulster University, Magee Campus in Northern Ireland is ... 3 pm to present to graduate students exciting new and innovative hope research based ... led by The Health Improvement Service of the Western Health & Social Care Trust ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Moore Insurance, ... area with access to asset protection and financial planning services, is teaming up ... improving the lives of children with cancer and other chronic diseases. , The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... , June 19, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: ... call and webcast on Friday, July 28, 2017, beginning at ... Call Audio Only Dial-in information: To participate in the conference ... dial into the call at least 10 minutes prior to ... is 34090339.  Webcast: ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... , June 14, 2017 The Bio Supply ... City of Fremont and the Biomedical ... bio-pharma industry in California by ... executive networking, and fostering workforce development. The primary focus ... growth of start-ups, as well as small and mid-sized ...
(Date:6/10/2017)... Ala. , June 9, 2017  Shane K. Burchfield, DPM, ... recognized for excellence as a Podiatrist in Alabama ... Podiatry at Family First Foot Care. He brings over 20 years ... medicine, pain management and healthcare, to his role. ... First Foot Care, PC is pleased to welcome you ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: