Navigation Links
Exercise Keeps the Brain Young
Date:11/21/2008

Experiments in mice find running increases production of neural stem cells

FRIDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- In experiments in mice, exercise appears to reverse the decline in the production of brain stem cells usually seen with aging, Taiwanese researchers report.

This remarkable restoration of the brain's ability to stave off aging appears to be due to exercise's ability to restore a neurochemical that is essential for the production of new brain cells.

"As we age, the ability of producing new neurons is decreasing. However, moderate running can improve the production, survival and maturation of new neurons in the brain," said lead researcher Yu-Min Kuo, an associate professor in the Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy at the National Cheng Kung University Medical College in Tainan. "The younger one starts to run, the better."

The report is published in the November issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology.

For the study, Kuo's team trained young, adult, middle-aged and old mice to run on a treadmill for up to an hour a day. The researchers then looked at the ability of the brain to continue to produce neural cells.

In middle-aged mice, the number of neural progenitor and mitotic cells in the hippocampus, a brain region intimately associated with learning and memory, decreased dramatically, Kuo explained.

"Compared to the sedentary middle-aged mice, moderate treadmill running not only doubled the production of neural stem cells but also enhanced the survival and growth of the newborn neurons," Kuo said. "Running had a more pronounced effect on younger animals than older counterparts."

The researchers found that this phenomenon could not be explained by an increase in a hormone called corticosterone, as they had speculated.

Rather, moderate running increased the concentrations of brain-derived neuron growth factor and its receptor, TrkB, in the hippocampus, while the level of corticosterone in mice stayed constant, Kuo said.

"The production of neural stem cells in the hippocampus decreases dramatically by middle age, and moderate running exercise can slow this trend," Kuo said. "Chronic moderate running enhances the production of neurotrophic factor, which promotes neurogenesis, and the differentiation and survival of newborn neurons."

Paul Sanberg, director of the University of South Florida Center for Aging and Brain Repair, concurs that exercise could promote the growth of new brain stem cells in people.

"This provides more understanding of its potential in humans," Sanberg said. "That there is a significant effect in middle-aged animals suggests that in middle-aged people that this would also occur."

There needs to be more data in humans to see if the growth of new brain cells has an effect on cognitive ability, Sanberg noted. "But it's encouraging the continued use of exercise to maintain health and proper health of our brain," he said.

More information

For more information on the aging brain, visit the U.S. National Institute on Aging.



SOURCES: Yu-Min Kuo, Ph.D., associate professor, department of cell biology and anatomy, National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Tainan, Taiwan; Paul Sanberg, Ph.D., D.Sc., professor, neurosurgery, and director, University of South Florida Center for Aging and Brain Repair, Tampa; November 2008 Journal of Applied Physiology


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Exercise and yoga improves quality of life in women with early-stage breast cancer
2. Studies Prove Exercise Can Heal the Body Mind and Soul
3. 1 in 3 Varsity Athletes Has Exercise-Induced Asthma
4. Using the Internet to Promote Exercise
5. Less than 3 percent of UK 11-year-olds take enough exercise
6. Study fuels debate over whether exercise and body size influence ovarian cancer risk
7. Creatine in addition to exercise enhances strength in older adults
8. American Council on Exercise Offers 10 Tips for Surviving the Holidays
9. Highlands Acquisition Corp. Announces Exercise of Over-Allotment Option
10. Exercise And Health: Use Your Heart Rate As a Guide
11. Nine of 10 Women Attempt Exercise Goals After Initial Failure, Survey Shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Exercise Keeps the Brain Young
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... When Amy Cowperthwait left ... she took with her a dream to make nursing education more relevant and prepare ... communication skills were integrated into healthcare provider education. , “The human element ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... The line-up includes voices from all ... grow a dental practice in a competitive market environment where Corporate Dentistry is making ... just transform you and your practice.” says Daniel A. ‘Danny’ Bobrow, AIM Dental Marketing’s ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... ... distinguishes herself once more by being among Houston’s first plastic surgeons to offer ... quality plastic surgery care without disrupting busy schedules and maintaining the utmost discretion ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... 17, 2017 , ... Florida Hospital Zephyrhills showcased its newly ... The newly renovated ER was designed with patients in mind and offers: 24 ... to deliver patient results, improve efficiencies and reduce length of stay, two pirate-themed ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... , ... With the introduction of new devices, new features, and updates to ... smartwatch market. As of June 2017, nearly nine percent of U.S. consumers aged 18+ ... according to latest WEAR Report Industry Overview and Forecast from NPD’s Connected Intelligence, growth ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/8/2017)... -- BioLineRx Ltd. (NASDAQ/TASE: BLRX), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused ... for the second quarter ended June 30, 2017. ... and to date: ... Company,s lead project, BL-8040: Announced plans ... novel stem cell mobilization treatment for autologous bone-marrow transplantation ...
(Date:8/7/2017)... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO ) today announced ... Aug. 7, 2017. ... and will serve as president emeritus during a planned, 90-day ... multiple leadership roles since he joined Diplomat with the acquisition ... decisive, strategic leadership which continues to benefit our patients and ...
(Date:8/4/2017)... , Aug. 3, 2017  Agragen, LLC, a ... active in the biopharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and aquacultural feed ... of its lead drug candidates, AGR131.  This drug ... cytokine from the blood of patients suffering from ... inflammatory bowel disease. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: