Navigation Links
Exercise Is Healthy for Mom and Child During Pregnancy
Date:8/3/2009

New study recommends pregnant women start an exercise program

ROSEMONT, Ill., Aug. 3 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Physicians should recommend low to moderate levels of exercise to their pregnant patients, even if they have not exercised prior to pregnancy, states a report published in the August 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS). According to this review article, exercise can strengthen and improve overall musculoskeletal and physiologic health as well as pregnancy related symptoms. Exercise such as aerobics, impact and nonimpact activities, resistance training and swimming:

  • eases back and other musculoskeletal pain;
  • lowers maternal blood pressure;
  • reduces swelling; and
  • improves post-partum mood, including sadness.

According to study author Capt. Marlene DeMaio, M.D., M.C., U.S.N., Research Director, Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, Virginia, data shows that the pregnant woman's body can compensate for the changes with no harm to the fetus during low to moderate intensity exercise.

"It is important to remember that pregnancy is a temporary condition, not a disease, and that the musculoskeletal and physiologic changes that happen are normal in the majority of patients," she said.

Capt. DeMaio's findings contradict what some physicians recommended in the past. As recently as the 1990s, there was concern that exercise could be detrimental to a pregnant woman and her fetus. These past concerns included a focus on normal changes related to musculoskeletal health that occur during pregnancy, such as increased ligament laxity, weight gain and change in the center of gravity. Today, some physicians continue to advise their pregnant patients to ease back on exercise or refrain from it altogether if they have not already made it a part of their lifestyle.

DeMaio, who collaborated with Capt. Everett Magann, M.D., M.C. U.S.N., Chairman in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, also at the Naval Medical Center in Portsmouth, not only reports that exercise is important during pregnancy, but also believes that starting an exercise program when pregnant, is a perfect way to begin - and stick with - a fitness program.

"When a woman becomes pregnant, she often re-evaluates her lifestyle," said Dr. DeMaio. "She is motivated in a new way to deliver a healthy baby, and be healthy herself."

Physicians may recommend exercise for pregnant patients in the following categories:

  • Prenatal: Patients should begin or continue low to moderate exercise. The goal is to maintain fitness and adapt exercise as needed as pregnancy progresses. (For example, runners might switch to running in a swimming pool later in their pregnancy.)
  • Postnatal: Continue exercising at low to moderate levels. Lactation is not negatively affected by exercise. There are fewer reports of mothers having post-partum depression or mood changes when they are exercising.
  • Older: Exercise is even more important if the patient is older, according to Dr. DeMaio. The risk for high blood pressure and increased glucose goes up the older a patient is, but exercise can help reduce these levels.
  • Obese: Physicians should discuss pregnancy as an opportunity to improve overall health and suggest the patient start exercise for life-long health and as an example to the child when the child is older.
  • Infertile: Even if a woman is under treatment for infertility, she can exercise under the supervision of her obstetrician.
  • Athlete: For a pregnant woman wanting more strenuous exercise, or who wants to increase training from moderate to high intensity, a qualified doctor should direct her exercise program.

JAAOS

AAOS

AAOS on Twitter and

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, Department of Defense or the United States Government.

Dr. DeMaio serves as a board member of the Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons and the publications American Journal of Sports Medicine and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research in an unpaid capacity. Neither Dr. Magann nor a member of his immediate family has received anything of value from or owns stock in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.


'/>"/>
SOURCE American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Technology Collaborative Launches Online Game to Exercise Brain Power of People with Multiple Sclerosis
2. Healthy Diet, Exercise Keeps Mind Sharp As You Age
3. What are the most effective ways of promoting physical exercise in adults?
4. Easy Strength Training Exercise May Help Treat Tennis Elbow, Study Shows
5. Acupuncture, Exercise May Ease Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
6. Kids of Parents Who Value Exercise Are More Active
7. Exercise Tips to Keep Boomers on Their Feet
8. Exercise helps patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
9. Elite Athletes Use Active Recovery Muscle Stimulator to Prevent Muscle Soreness After Exercise
10. Boomers: Tips on How to Exercise Safely
11. Horse Study: RBC Life Sciences Antioxidant, Microhydrin, Reduced Lactic Acid Buildup and Improved Hydration During Strenuous Exercise
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... David J. Dykeman , ... firm Greenberg Traurig, LLP, will speak at DeviceTalks West, Dec. 12, 2016, at the ... series, and attorneys from the firm’s global Life Sciences & Medical Technology Group have ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... STATEN ISLAND, N.Y., Nov. 24, 2016 ... the highest standards of trauma, maternity, cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ... Dr. Daniel Messina. , Among the recognitions, the American College of Surgeons' (ACS) ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Vida Health, the digital health platform ... by Canvas Ventures . Other investors include Nokia Growth Partners (NGP) and returning ... serve more consumers who are managing chronic conditions or simply want to ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Coppin Insurance Agency, an insurance and financial planning firm based ... Coral area, is embarking on a charity drive with the goal of providing support ... Chapin Food Bank of Southwest Florida works to provide fresh and nutritious food free ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Students attending Envision’s summer ... opportunity to get hands-on experience in an emergency medical simulation, When Care is ... gain invaluable, real-life medical skills that are critical success in a future career ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... Calif. , Dec. 8, 2016 IRIDEX Corporation ... to offer newly issued shares of common stock, $0.01 par ... to an underwritten public offering.  The final terms of the ... time of pricing, and there can be no assurance as ... IRIDEX expects to use the net proceeds it will ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- Australia Glaucoma Surgery Devices Market Outlook to ... Glaucoma Surgery Devices Market Outlook to 2022", provides ... Devices market. The report provides value, in millions ... prices (USD) within market segement - Glaucoma Drainage ... and distribution shares data for each of these ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- The global biosurgery market is expected to grow at ... 2016 to 2021. The market is poised to reach ... in 2016. The market is primarily driven by rising ... and spinal problems, increasing clearance of biosurgery products by ... management. In this report, the biosurgery market ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: