Navigation Links
Even small weight gains raise blood pressure in college students
Date:9/6/2012

URBANA As a college student, you may be happy simply not to have gained the "Freshman 15." But a University of Illinois study shows that as little as 1.5 pounds per year is enough to raise blood pressure in that age group, and the effect was worse for young women.

"In our study, a small weight gain was enough to raise a college student's systolic blood pressure by 3 to 5 points. If young people continue to gain 1.5 pounds a year and think it doesn't matter, they're misleading themselves and increasing their risk for heart disease," said Margarita Teran-Garcia, a U of I professor of food science and human nutrition.

Data were collected from 795 18- to 20-year-old applicants to the Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi in Mexico who weren't accepted to the university but reapplied the next year. The study assessed changes in BMI and body weight over one year and explored whether the applicants experienced changes in blood pressure and blood glucose levels.

One-year changes in body weight were associated with increased blood pressure for both men and women. In the 25 percent of applicants who had a weight gain of 5 percent or more, that gain was associated with higher blood pressure. The changes were more significant for women than for men, she said.

"The good news is that the reverse was also true. Women who lost 5 percent of their body weight saw reductions in their blood pressure," she said.

The harmful effects of weight gain may be especially pronounced among Mexicans, a group that develops heart disease risk factors at much younger ages and at lower BMIs than comparable groups in the United States. Almost 31 percent of Mexican adults have hypertension, ranging from 13 percent of adults in their twenties to 60 percent of adults age 60 and over, she said.

"We'd like to learn how much high blood pressure is caused by genetics and how much is lifestyle related and propose interventions for persons of Mexican descent in the United States who have a family history of hypertension and heart disease," she said.

Teran-Garcia worries that doctors don't take weight gain and small increases in blood pressure seriously enough in this age group.

"There are very few programs that make college-age people aware of the health problems associated with even small weight gains and encourage them to make lifestyle changes to combat it. Physical activity is important, and many young adults are not getting the recommended 30 minutes to 1 hour a day of exercise," she said.

She added that 18- to 20-year-olds are at the perfect age for intervention and education. "If we can convince these young people that small changes add up to bigger changes and health problems that could be prevented over time, the chronic diseases associated with obesity may never develop," she said.

The study is part of the Up Amigos project, a collaboration between scientists at the U of I and the Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi. The researchers are following the 10,000 yearly applicants to the Mexican university to learn how changes in BMI and weight affect the students' health over time.

The article, One-year follow-up changes in weight are associated with changes in blood pressure in young Mexican adults, was published in a recent issue of Public Health. Co-authors are F.C.D. Andrade, I Vasquez-Vidal, and T. Flood of the U of I and C. Aradillas-Garcia, J.M. Vargas-Morales, and E. Medina-Cerda of the Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Mexico.


'/>"/>

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Marital status, race increase survival rate significantly for Stage III non-small cell lung cancer patients
2. Novel therapeutic targets identified for small cell lung cancer
3. New TGen, Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center study targets non-small cell lung cancer
4. Alzheimers Treatment Shows Promise in Small, 3-Year Trial
5. Fingolimod: Hint of advantages in a small group of patients
6. PawnUp.com Online Pawn Shop Spreads Awareness About its Small Business Loans.
7. Small Babies Can Be Sign of Heart Problems in Mother
8. Smallest, Largest Fetuses at Higher Risk of Stillbirth
9. Standing at Work All Day While Pregnant Linked to Smaller Babies
10. Google Rolls Out Another Panda Algorithm Update – Small Businesses Plan for the Future of SEO
11. B2B e Trader is Addressing the Critical Needs of Local Businesses by Lauching the New Shop Small Business Directory
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... 2020 , ... KitoTech Medical, a Seattle-based medical device company, ... be used to accelerate the commercialization of its microMend® family of wound closure ... to expand its customer base of healthcare systems as well as independent hospitals ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Cardiothoracic ... joining biomedical engineers from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) to develop a new heart ... have undergone open heart surgery. , The AGH/CMU team was recently awarded a ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... ... Want to get moving, break up your routine, and make a difference right ... its fourth annual STEPtember campaign in the United States to raise funds and awareness ... at this moment — encouraging people to move in the ways that work for ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... LAWRENCEVILLE, Ga. (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... The pandemic and topsy-turvy economic ... to examine our budgets and look for ways to trim the fat from our monthly ... stabilize your finances, but it’s also important that you have a financial safety net in ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... ... intended to improve outcomes for patients with advanced heart failure, today announced that ... grant in the amount of $555,358 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... 01, 2020 , ... While coronavirus cases continue to increase across the country, ... organizations remain closed. Because about 80% of blood donations are made at drives hosted ... and blood drive hosts to ensure blood products are readily available for patients. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... If you live in New York City ... real estate part makes sense, it’s the law of supply and demand, but are plastic ... has a significant percentage of their patients that make the four-hour trip to have ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. Mark Surrey has been ... and serves as a clinical professor in the Department of OBGYN at UCLA’s David ... Society & Pacific Coast Reproductive Society and is a Clinical Director of Fellowship Training ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: