Navigation Links
Europe should adopt WHO recommendations for particulate matter cuts
Date:1/17/2008

Europe must adopt the World Health Organization (WHO) standard on fine particulate matter pollution if it is to significantly curb needless premature deaths, concludes research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Europe wants to cap average levels of fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) at 20 g/m 3 by 2010.

But the equivalent standard recommended by the US Environmental Protection Agency is 15 g/m 3, while that recommended by the World Health Organization is 10 g/m 3 .

Fine particulate matter has been associated with an increase in death from all causes, and particularly respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.

Using validated data on health outcomes and exposure to pollution for 26 European cities, covering more than 40 million inhabitants, the researchers calculated the expected number of deaths that could be delayed for all three standards.

Estimated average annual levels of fine particulate matter ranged from 17 to 61 g/m3. London and Dublin were the cleanest of the 26 cities, with levels below 10 /m 3.

Athens in Greece, Cracow in Poland, and the Italian capital Rome were among the worst offenders, with levels above 25 g/m 3.

The calculations showed that reducing average levels to15 g/m 3 could delay at least 1.6% of premature deaths among those aged 30 and above, a rate four times greater than could be achieved by levels of 25 g/m 3 and two times greater than could be achieved at 20 g/m 3.

But cutting levels to 10 g/m 3, as recommended by the WHO, could produce a fall in early deaths that would be seven times greater, the calculations suggest.

Every city, but London and Dublin would benefit, say the authors, with reductions in premature deaths ranging from 0.8% to 9%, and 80% of thisl could be achieved within five years.

The authors point out that it is not just lives that would be saved.

The US Environmental Protection Agency has estimated that meeting an annual standards of 5 g/m 3 would save between US$20 and 160 billion every year.

It is clear that reducing air pollution levels is not an easy task, say the authors. But the health and economic benefits have been proved.

Meeting the US or WHO air quality standards would substantially reduce mortality in European cities, they say, but the political willpower is needed, they warn.


'/>"/>

Contact: Emma Dickinson
edickinson@bmj.com
44-020-738-36529
BMJ-British Medical Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. BeneChills RhinoChill System Receives CE Marking for European Commercial Sale
2. Columbus Carried Syphilis From New World to Europe, Study Suggests
3. XTENT Submits CE Mark Registration to Market Custom NX(R) Drug-Eluting Stent System in Europe
4. Gerresheimer Expands its Pharmaceutical Plastic Operations Into Southern Europe and South America
5. Phylonix granted broad European patent for transplanting human cells into zebrafish
6. Neurochem announces European opinion for Eprodisate (KIACTA(TM)) for the treatment of AA amyloidosis
7. Far flung food: Europes distant diets
8. Submission of Marketing Authorisation Application for Dapoxetine in Europe
9. LifeScience Alley 2007: German Healthcare Market Offers Gateway to Europe
10. Innocoll Receives Intends to Grant Notices from the European Patent Office for Two European Patent Applications Related to Novel Wound Healing, Biosurgery and Drug Delivery Applications of its CollaRx(R) Technology
11. Sosei Announces Approval to Start AD 923 Phase III Studies in Europe
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due ... up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away ... a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that lice have simply gotten ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. Omkar Marathe earned his Bachelors in ... School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in Internal Medicine at Scripps Green Hospital ... at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he had the opportunity to train in ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits ... terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in disappointment, perhaps ... slow progress toward their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com reveals that ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort to ... treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain management ... (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes of ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 Florida attorneys are recognized ... this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of lawyers practicing within the ... this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders Mark D. Bloom, Burt ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 ... appointment of Dr. Edward Futcher to ... Director, effective June 23, 2016.Dr. Futcher was also ... and Governance Committees.  As a non-executive member of ... expertise and strategic counsel to VolitionRx in connection ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016  MedSource announced today that ... e-clinical software solution of choice.  This latest decision ... value to their clients by offering a state-of-the-art ... relationship establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform of ... full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long been a preferred ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Any dentist who has made an implant ... process. Many of them do not even offer this as ... high laboratory costs involved. And those who ARE able to ... a high cost that the majority of today,s patients would ... Parsa Zadeh , founder of Dental Evolutions Inc. and inventor ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: