Navigation Links
Europe should adopt WHO recommendations for particulate matter cuts
Date:1/17/2008

Europe must adopt the World Health Organization (WHO) standard on fine particulate matter pollution if it is to significantly curb needless premature deaths, concludes research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Europe wants to cap average levels of fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) at 20 g/m 3 by 2010.

But the equivalent standard recommended by the US Environmental Protection Agency is 15 g/m 3, while that recommended by the World Health Organization is 10 g/m 3 .

Fine particulate matter has been associated with an increase in death from all causes, and particularly respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.

Using validated data on health outcomes and exposure to pollution for 26 European cities, covering more than 40 million inhabitants, the researchers calculated the expected number of deaths that could be delayed for all three standards.

Estimated average annual levels of fine particulate matter ranged from 17 to 61 g/m3. London and Dublin were the cleanest of the 26 cities, with levels below 10 /m 3.

Athens in Greece, Cracow in Poland, and the Italian capital Rome were among the worst offenders, with levels above 25 g/m 3.

The calculations showed that reducing average levels to15 g/m 3 could delay at least 1.6% of premature deaths among those aged 30 and above, a rate four times greater than could be achieved by levels of 25 g/m 3 and two times greater than could be achieved at 20 g/m 3.

But cutting levels to 10 g/m 3, as recommended by the WHO, could produce a fall in early deaths that would be seven times greater, the calculations suggest.

Every city, but London and Dublin would benefit, say the authors, with reductions in premature deaths ranging from 0.8% to 9%, and 80% of thisl could be achieved within five years.

The authors point out that it is not just lives that would be saved.

The US Environmental Protection Agency has estimated that meeting an annual standards of 5 g/m 3 would save between US$20 and 160 billion every year.

It is clear that reducing air pollution levels is not an easy task, say the authors. But the health and economic benefits have been proved.

Meeting the US or WHO air quality standards would substantially reduce mortality in European cities, they say, but the political willpower is needed, they warn.


'/>"/>

Contact: Emma Dickinson
edickinson@bmj.com
44-020-738-36529
BMJ-British Medical Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. BeneChills RhinoChill System Receives CE Marking for European Commercial Sale
2. Columbus Carried Syphilis From New World to Europe, Study Suggests
3. XTENT Submits CE Mark Registration to Market Custom NX(R) Drug-Eluting Stent System in Europe
4. Gerresheimer Expands its Pharmaceutical Plastic Operations Into Southern Europe and South America
5. Phylonix granted broad European patent for transplanting human cells into zebrafish
6. Neurochem announces European opinion for Eprodisate (KIACTA(TM)) for the treatment of AA amyloidosis
7. Far flung food: Europes distant diets
8. Submission of Marketing Authorisation Application for Dapoxetine in Europe
9. LifeScience Alley 2007: German Healthcare Market Offers Gateway to Europe
10. Innocoll Receives Intends to Grant Notices from the European Patent Office for Two European Patent Applications Related to Novel Wound Healing, Biosurgery and Drug Delivery Applications of its CollaRx(R) Technology
11. Sosei Announces Approval to Start AD 923 Phase III Studies in Europe
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... Peter ... the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) Africa Indoor Residual Spraying (AIRS) Project , ... , The Innovation to Action Award, a USAID Catalyst Award, recognizes USAID ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... ... exclusively to funding innovative lymphoma research and serving the lymphoma community through a ... to Texas as a part of its national Swirl: A Wine Tasting Event ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... The American College of ... its recently formed Corporate Roundtable, a group of individuals and organizations whose collective ... , Canyon Ranch is a unique collection of lifestyle-based immersion vacation settings and ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... The American Board of Multiple ... for the discomforts and hidden dangers of foot fungus, particularly in the warm ... risk for developing fungal infections on the feet or toenails, the Board says. ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... Leonard I. Linkow, DDS, DMSC, sets a new ... Xlibris on July of 2014). This book details the recent advances and techniques in ... benefit people who have lost all of their natural teeth . , In ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/12/2017)... , Sept. 12, 2017  Consumer reviews on the independent review ... as the number one company for hearing aids, ranking it higher ... other brands. ... Named #1 by Consumers For Hearing Aids ... Embrace Hearing is an online store that provides high performance, state-of-the-art, ...
(Date:9/9/2017)... , Sept. 8, 2017 ... Mobile MRI Unit coming to Washington DC ... When: Tuesday, September 12 th – Monday, September 18 ... D.C. offering free MRI brain scans to the public.Where:  ... be parked at 501 K Street NW, Washington, D.C.What:BTF brings its nationwide ...
(Date:9/9/2017)... 2017  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... data for lasmiditan, an investigational, oral, first-in-class molecule for ... improvements compared to placebo in the Phase 3 SPARTAN ... 18th Congress of the International Headache Society (IHC) in ... presented today demonstrate lasmiditan,s potential to reduce pain and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: