Navigation Links
Environment key early: Genes' role expands in alcohol dependence
Date:4/23/2008

April 23, 2008 -- The influence of genetics increases as young women transition from taking their first drink to becoming alcoholics. A team of researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that although environment is most influential in determining when girls begin to drink, genes play a larger role if they advance to problem drinking and alcohol dependence.

The researchers studied 3,546 female twins ages 18 to 29 to ferret out the influences of genes and environment in the development of alcohol dependence. Their findings appear in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

The road to alcohol dependence involves transitions through many stages of drinking behaviors: from the first drink to the first alcohol-related problems (such as drinking and driving, difficulty at school or work related to alcohol use) to alcohol dependence.

Environmental factors the twins shared, such as exposure to conflict between parents or alcohol use among peers in school, exerted the largest influence on initiation of alcohol use. The study found that females who had their first drink at an earlier age were more likely to develop serious alcohol problems. The researchers found that all transitions were attributable in part to genetic factors, increasing from 30 percent for the timing of first drink to 47 percent for the speed at which women progressed from problem drinking to alcohol dependence. But genetics did not explain everything.

"Even when genetic factors are most influential, they account for less than half of the influence on drinking behavior," says lead author Carolyn E. Sartor, Ph.D., a postdoctoral research fellow at the School of Medicine. "That's good news in terms of modifying these behaviors and reducing the risk of developing alcohol dependence. Genetics are not destiny, and our findings suggest that there are opportunities to intervene at all stages of alcohol use."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. United Nations Environment Programme and Bayer Corporation Announce North American Winners of International Childrens Painting Competition
2. Baxa Environmental Program Nets Significant Results
3. Creating Healing Environments: Healthcare Industrys Largest Sustainability Conference to be Held May 20-22 in Pittsburgh
4. The Center for Health Design & Vendome Group Unveil Premiere Issue of Health Environments Research & Design Journal (HERD) - http://www.herdjournal.com
5. School Environment Can Curb Kids Weight Gain
6. Changing school environment curbs weight gain in children
7. Human breast tumors microenvironment primes them for metastasis
8. Highmark, Prominent Part of Pittsburgh City Skyline, to Go Dark for One Hour to Support the Environment
9. Environmental Toxins, Radiation May Be Tied to Breast Cancer
10. PROGNOSIS Extends its Popular IP Telephony Management Software to Support Nortel Environments
11. Space sentinels: New tools in space to improve European environment and security policies
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/18/2014)... Active Aging Week is a week-long observance ... members of society and promotes the benefits of leading ... a boutique retirement community located at 1200 Overlook Drive, ... of Cyber-Seniors - a humorous and heartwarming documentary. , ... this great film,” says Thomas Cloutier, Executive Director for ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... September 18, 2014 Alexandria, VA — ... today that 10 more communities have joined the growing ... health department accreditation. The decisions bring the number of ... 54. PHAB is the non-profit organization that administers the ... and protect the health of the public by advancing ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Reinberg HealthDay Reporter , THURSDAY, Sept. ... outbreak in West Africa is starting to spread faster than ever, ... cases of the deadly viral infection were reported in just one ... than 5,300, with roughly half of those reported in the past ... deaths now tops 2,600. WHO has estimated that as many ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... CA (PRWEB) September 18, 2014 Companies ... and refine carbon dioxide, selling it to downstream industries ... markets for carbon dioxide are food and beverage manufacturers. ... such as fruits, vegetables or pizzas. The gas is ... manufacturers use the compound to carbonate soft drinks, beer ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... exercise is good for you. But new research from ... an added benefit for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. , ... found that combining exercise with chemotherapy shrunk tumors more ... professor in the School of Nursing and director of ... the senior author on the study, which appears in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:In Support of Active Aging Week, a Lake Oswego Retirement Community Will Get a Sneak Peek at an Inter-Generational Documentary – Cyber-Seniors 2Health News:Ten More Communities Reaping Benefits of National Accreditation 2Health News:Ten More Communities Reaping Benefits of National Accreditation 3Health News:Ten More Communities Reaping Benefits of National Accreditation 4Health News:New Ebola Cases Top 700 in Just One Week, Officials Report 2Health News:New Ebola Cases Top 700 in Just One Week, Officials Report 3Health News:Carbon Dioxide Production in the US Industry Market Research Report Now Available from IBISWorld 2Health News:Carbon Dioxide Production in the US Industry Market Research Report Now Available from IBISWorld 3Health News:Exercise boosts tumor-fighting ability of chemotherapy, Penn team finds 2
... medical center,s dramatic growth and steady ... over nearly four decades, GLEN BURNIE, Md., Sept. 18 ... those as president and CEO,James R. Walker has announced his ... night at the BWMC Board of Directors meeting. (Photo: ...
... Expanded leave,benefits for military families is a ... to balance the needs of employees and employers, ... the world,s largest,association of human resource professionals., ... for members of the,National Guard, Reservists and their ...
... Quality Forum (NQF) and The Joint Commission today announced the,2007 ... Quality,Awards. Honorees were selected in all four award categories., ... ACHIEVEMENT (2 RECIPIENTS), -- Flaura Koplin Winston, M.D., Ph.D. ... Prevention at The Children,s Hospital of Philadelphia and the ...
... is quiet almost too quiet in movies, it is ... good guys. This holds true for the genes that protect against ... Ohio, have learned. They identified a panel of 15 genes that ... becomes quiet almost too quiet -- it could mean they ...
... In an 18-year-study on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), ... stimulants is associated with improved long-term academic success ... are the first population-based data to show stimulant ... A related Mayo Clinic study reveals that compared ...
... study finds , , TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- ... by looking at Web sites can leave would-be patients ... study finds. , In looking over six hospital-comparison Web ... inappropriate or incomplete standards to measure a center,s quality, ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:BWMC President and CEO Announces Retirement 2Health News:BWMC President and CEO Announces Retirement 3Health News:SHRM Testimony Urges Congress to Fix FMLA 2Health News:2007 John M. Eisenberg Patient Safety and Quality Award Recipients Announced 2Health News:2007 John M. Eisenberg Patient Safety and Quality Award Recipients Announced 3Health News:2007 John M. Eisenberg Patient Safety and Quality Award Recipients Announced 4Health News:2007 John M. Eisenberg Patient Safety and Quality Award Recipients Announced 5Health News:Test for lung cancer looks for discomforting quiet among protective genes 2Health News:Test for lung cancer looks for discomforting quiet among protective genes 3Health News:Mayo Clinic study indicates medication for ADHD may help student outcomes 2Health News:Mayo Clinic study indicates medication for ADHD may help student outcomes 3Health News:Hospital Quality Info on Web Can Be Misleading 2Health News:Hospital Quality Info on Web Can Be Misleading 3
(Date:9/18/2014)... SAN DIEGO , Sept. 18, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug ... patient enrollment and dosing of PEGPH20 in SWOG,s ... is designed to evaluate Halozyme,s investigational drug PEGPH20 ... FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy (mFOLFIRINOX) in patients with metastatic pancreatic ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... After 6 months of careful research with the ... new programme for the next Cool Chain & Temperature Controlled ... Chain series, has just been released! You can ... lines between supply chain, logistics, QA and purchasing continue to ... and yet specific, focused and yet accessible, inclusive and targeted ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Mass. , Sept. 18, 2014  Spring ... novel therapeutics for the treatment of RNA viruses, ... Institutes of Health (NIH) for animal testing of ... viral pathogens, classified as "Special Pathogens," against which ... 9200, derived from Spring Bank,s proprietary ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:SWOG To Resume Clinical Trial Of Halozyme's PEGPH20 In Combination With Modified FOLFIRINOX For Advanced Pancreatic Cancer 2SWOG To Resume Clinical Trial Of Halozyme's PEGPH20 In Combination With Modified FOLFIRINOX For Advanced Pancreatic Cancer 3SWOG To Resume Clinical Trial Of Halozyme's PEGPH20 In Combination With Modified FOLFIRINOX For Advanced Pancreatic Cancer 4Europe's Biggest and Longest-Running Gathering of Life Sciences Logistics, Supply Chain & QA Professionals 2Spring Bank Pharmaceuticals Announces NIH Collaboration for Testing of SB 9200 Against Multiple Viral Pathogens 2
... oncology electronic medical record (EMR) – the ... certification under the HITECH Act – has propelled Elekta ... / hematology EMR vendors in the annual Black Book ... a "comprehensive ambulatory EMR vendor" were: electronic health records ...
... Therapeutics, Inc. (OTCBB: ECTE), a company developing its ... transdermal continuous glucose monitoring system and its Prelude™ ... that Patrick T. Mooney, M.D., CEO, President and ... present at the Jefferies 2011 Global Healthcare Conference. ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Elekta's MOSAIQ Far Ahead of Contenders in Black Book Rankings User Survey of EMR Vendors 2Elekta's MOSAIQ Far Ahead of Contenders in Black Book Rankings User Survey of EMR Vendors 3
... suspension in methanol for faster, more ... histology smears. Our special manufacturing process ... cellular elements producing unequaled definition of ... unexcelled brilliance in the resulting smear. ...
... ideal for stat, routine or back-up staining. ... seconds) and bone marrow (20-30 seconds). Our ... particles which yield excellent color intensity and ... steps involved in the Wright's staining procedure ...
... fast, single-solution staining, Hema-Quik II ... slides into stain solution for ... to deionized water for five ... second time by dipping quickly ...
... Stain is ideal for stat, routine or ... smears and bone marrow. Our unique manufacturing ... yield excellent color intensity and morphological differentiation. ... in the Wright's staining procedure and includes ...
Medicine Products: