Navigation Links
Environment Crucial to Boosting Child's Reading Skills
Date:1/23/2010

While genes matter, teacher/parent input is key, researchers find

FRIDAY, Jan. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Environment plays an important role in the growth of young children's reading skills, a new study finds.

"We certainly have to take more seriously genetic influences on learning, but children who come into school with poor reading skills can make strides with proper instruction," lead author Stephen Petrill, a professor of human development and family science at Ohio State University, said in a university news release.

"The findings support the need for sustained efforts to promote reading development in children that take both genetic and environmental influences into account," he added.

The study included 135 identical twins and 179 same-sex fraternal twins who were enrolled in kindergarten or grade 1, and their reading skills were assessed annually for the next two years. The researchers compared how the twins scored on the reading tests and then used a statistical analysis to determine how much genetics and environment influenced their progress.

Environmental factors included instruction in school, nutrition, how much the children were read to, and how they were cared for by their parents.

The researchers concluded that when children begin to read, both genetics and environment play a role in the development of skills, but to different degrees. In word and letter identification, environment explained about two-thirds of the test results, while genetics explained one-third. For vocabulary and sound awareness, genetics and environment had equal influence. Genetics accounted for 75 percent of results on reading speed tests, they noted.

However, when Petrill and colleagues measured the children's growth in reading skills, environment became a much more important influence. Environment is almost completely responsible for the growth of reading skills that are taught, such as words and letters, and 80 percent responsible for growth in awareness of sounds in reading.

"Regardless of where children start as far as reading skills, and the impact that genetics and environment had on their initial skills, we found that their environment had an impact on how fast or how slowly those reading skills developed," Petrill said in the news release.

The study findings are published in the online edition of the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

More information

The Nemours Foundation has more about children's reading development.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: Ohio State University, news release, January 2010


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Environmental stress probed in cardiovascular disease, diabetes
2. Dow Jones Sustainability Index Again Recognizes Abbott for Continued Leadership in Business, Environmental and Social Performance
3. GladRags Introduces the Moon Cup - An Environmentally-Sound and Safe Alternative to Disposable Feminine Hygiene Products!
4. Environment, Energy and Ethics conference at UD, Sept. 21-23
5. Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Nationally Recognized by BusinessWeek and AARP for Creating a Unique Workplace Environment for New and Mature Employees
6. Green Seal Ramps Up Environmental Standard for Household Cleaners
7. Siemens Building Technologies Pioneers Wireless Solution for St. Anthonys Sensitive Environment
8. ADA Updates Environmental Recommendations for Handling Waste
9. Statement by Gerald Leape, Vice President, Marine Conservation, National Environmental Trust, on a New Recommendation From Scientists Urging Pregnant Women to Eat More Fish
10. PointCross Releases Pre-Clinical Study Lifecycle and Data Management Suite (PC-LDM(TM)) For Multi-Party Environments
11. Rosecrance and Chicagos Department of Environment Collaborate to Help Families Dispose of Unwanted Medicines and Drugs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Today, the Whole-Food Warrior TV ... the much-anticipated feature with author Jahnavi Foster, specialist in healthy vegetarian cuisine, will stream ... Each week, on his weekly Whole-Food Warrior TV show, Frank Davis highlights Whole-Food Warriors ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... to announce the addition of micro-needling services in their Napa Valley office. The ... founders of Plastic Surgery Associates, Dr. Canales and Dr. Furnas, are part of ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Miami, Florida (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 ... ... largest non-profit organization devoted exclusively to funding innovative lymphoma research and serving the ... services – is poised to once again host, Swirl, A Wine Tasting Event ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Regular gym users know the routine: ... wait longer to access the treadmills. It’s a predictable trend. After the excesses of ... and get in shape by joining gyms, starting new walking or running routines, or ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... At its annual ... Patrick McDermott as Chairman of the National Board of Directors. Mr. McDermott succeeds former ... the Board,” stated Leslie A. Chambers , APDA President and CEO. “Pat has ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... Chairman and CEO, will be presenting at Source Capital Group,s ... York, NY at 2:15 p.m. ET on Wednesday, ... Immunotherapy Panel discussion taking place at 3:15 p.m. ET. ... approximately one hour after the conclusion of the live event. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... previously announced underwritten secondary offering of 11,027,558 shares of ... of affiliates of Blackstone and Goldman Sachs.  The shares ... price of $96.45 per share. The selling stockholders will ... Zimmer Biomet nor any of its directors, officers or ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... France , Germany ... and Israel ). It includes a 10-year epidemiology forecast ... segmented by age and sex in these markets. GD epidemiology report is ... in-depth, high quality, transparent and market-driven, providing expert analysis of disease trends ... Germany , Italy , Spain ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: