Navigation Links
Engineers turn noise into vision
Date:4/2/2010

A new technique for revealing images of hidden objects may one day allow pilots to peer through fog and doctors to see more precisely into the human body without surgery.

Developed by Princeton engineers, the method relies on the surprising ability to clarify an image using rays of light that would typically make the image unrecognizable, such as those scattered by clouds, human tissue or murky water.

In their experiments, the researchers restored an obscured image into a clear pattern of numbers and lines. The process was akin to improving poor TV reception using the distorted, or "noisy," part of the broadcast signal.

"Normally, noise is considered a bad thing," said Jason Fleischer, an assistant professor of electrical engineering at Princeton. "But sometimes noise and signal can interact, and the energy from the noise can be used to amplify the signal. For weak signals, such as distant or dark images, actually adding noise can improve their quality."

He said the ability to boost signals this way could potentially improve a broad range of signal technologies, including the sonograms doctors use to visualize fetuses and the radar systems pilots use to navigate through storms and turbulence. The method also potentially could be applied in technologies such as night vision goggles, inspection of underwater structures such as levies and bridge supports, and in steganography, the practice of masking signals for security purposes.

The findings were reported online March 14 in Nature Photonics.

In their experiments, Fleischer and co-author Dmitry Dylov, an electrical engineering graduate student, passed a laser beam through a small piece of glass engraved with numbers and lines, similar to the charts used during eye exams. The beam carried the image of the numbers and lines to a receiver connected to a video monitor, which displayed the pattern.

The researchers then placed a translucent piece of plastic similar to cellophane tape between the glass plate and the receiver. The tape-like material scattered the laser light before it arrived at the receiver, making the visual signal so noisy that the number and line pattern became indecipherable on the monitor, similar to the way smoke or fog might obstruct a person's view.

The crucial portion of the experiment came when Fleischer and Dylov placed another object in the path of the laser beam. Just in front of the receiver, they mounted a crystal of strontium barium niobate (SBN), a material that belongs to a class of substances known as "nonlinear" for their ability to alter the behavior of light in strange ways. In this case, the nonlinear crystal mixed different parts of the picture, allowing signal and noise to interact.

By adjusting an electrical voltage across the piece of SBN, the researchers were able to tune in a clear image on the monitor. The SBN gathered the rays that had been scattered by the translucent plastic and used that energy to clarify the weak image of the lines and numbers.

"We used noise to feed signals," Dylov said. "It's as if you took a picture of a person in the dark, and we made the person brighter and the background darker so you could see them. The contrast makes the person stand out."

The technique, known as "stochastic resonance," only works for the right amount of noise, as too much can overwhelm the signal. It has been observed in a variety of fields, ranging from neuroscience to energy harvesting, but never has been used this way for imaging.

Based on the results of their experiment, Fleischer and Dylov developed a new theory for how noisy signals move through nonlinear materials, which combines ideas from the fields of statistical physics, information theory and optics.

The research was funded by the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Air Force.

Their theory provides a general foundation for nonlinear communication that can be applied to a wide range of technologies. The researchers plan to incorporate other signal processing techniques to further improve the clarity of the images they generate and to apply the concepts they developed to biomedical imaging devices, including those that use sound and ultrasound instead of light.


'/>"/>

Contact: Chris Emery
cemery@princeton.edu
609-258-4597
Princeton University, Engineering School
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Nanoscale stealth probe slides into cell walls seamlessly, say Stanford engineers
2. Artists, Product Designers, Printing Gurus, Game Developers, Manufacturing Engineers Will Converge at RAPID 2010/3D IMAGING Conference/Expo, May 18-20 in LA
3. Engineers: New sensor could help treat, combat diabetes, other diseases
4. Free Seminars to Help Employers Prevent Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Among Workers Set for Phoenix, Reno, Salt Lake City, Denver in May
5. How do you improve mammogram accuracy? Add noise
6. Slumdog Millionaire Put Spotlight on Slums in Developing World Now, Health Visionary Helps Turn Urban Blight into Hope
7. HCG True Diet – Dr. Robert True Speaks About the Importance of Medical Supervision for HCG Diets
8. Alzheimers Foundation of America Hails Significant Provisions for Dementia Community in Health Reform Law
9. TrainingIndustry.com names Corporate Visions as Top 20 Sales Training Firm
10. National Restaurant Association Says Nutrition Information Provision Is Win for Consumers and Restaurants
11. CCH Briefing Highlights Employer, Medicare Provisions of Health Care Reform Proposals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... ... Establishment Labs, a global breast implant and medical technology company, is pleased ... , “We are honored to welcome David to our Board of Directors. ... Quiros, CEO of Establishment Labs. "David’s knowledge and experience will be invaluable to our ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... ... service to expand access to affordable hearing aids , increase industry transparency, ... individuals in the United States. , “For the average consumer, the hearing aid ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... ... sealing company , is proud to announce that many of their franchises have ... customer service. The hard surface restoration franchises received customer recognition through positive reviews ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... The Federal Laboratory ... federallabs.org . The site houses a wealth of federal resources that businesses can ... process called technology transfer (T2). As a network of over 300 federal laboratories, ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... A man who has ... CEO of Freedom Laser Therapy , was determined to find solutions to his problems ... story of Inventors Digest is ready to introduce his breakthrough inventions to the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... , February 9, 2016 ... QIA) gab heute den Abschluss eines Kooperationsvertrags ... Förderung umfassender Lösungen in den Bereichen Next-Generation-Sequencing ... QGEN ; Frankfurt Prime Standard: QIA) ... 10x Genomics für die Entwicklung und Förderung ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... 9, 2016 Mast Therapeutics, Inc. (NYSE ... sickle cell disease and heart failure, today announced that it ... purchase common stock in an underwritten public offering.  The offering ... be no assurance as to whether or when the offering ... terms of the offering.   --> ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... 9, 2016 Hearing protection devices refer to ... transmitted to the inner ear. Hearing protection devices include ... devices are recommended for users exposed to noise levels ... to HPD that are inserted in the ear canal ... to provide more natural sound perception with the help ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: