Navigation Links
Emergency response
Date:11/11/2007

Disasters are getting worse it seems but the federal government's preparedness has been limited to helping after a disaster has occurred. On the other hand, local organizations often do not have the resources or the training to effectively react. Federal and state support must now be given to programs that enable local governments to work effectively with communities to prepare for and respond to all disasters. That is the conclusion of a new analysis released today in the Inderscience publication the International Journal of Emergency Management.

Colin Falato, Susan Smith, and Tyler Kress of the Health and Safety Programs at the University of Tennessee, have looked at the preparedness of local and federal governments in their response to natural and human-induced disasters and found them seriously lacking. They suggest that it should be the responsibility of local government officials as well as citizens to work together to adapt the disaster-response programs to suit communities' needs.

Historically, the belief that local knowledge and experience is best suited to dealing with common natural disasters, such as hurricanes, tornados and floods, has meant that responsibility for disaster preparedness and response has been devolved to local organizations and communities themselves. Federal government intervention has been limited to assistance after the disaster. The same is true for other natural, civil, technological, and ecological disasters, the researchers explain.

In the last 25 years, the researchers point out, the continental USA has issued almost 1000 disaster declarations (902) and been subjected to 442 natural disasters. Among these natural disasters are hurricanes, fires, windstorms, earthquakes, tornados and floods. But, disasters are not limited to natural events.

September 11, 2001 refocused the countrys attention on disaster preparedness and the realization that there was a lack of preparedness for such disasters. One effect of the 9/11 Commission was to mould two new organizations charged with the responsibility of protecting the USA from a new era of technological disasters. The US Northern Command (NORTHCOM) is the military arm responsible for homeland defense and the US Department of Homeland Security, which leads a unified national effort to secure the USA from potential terrorist attacks.

Four directorates were brought together from Homeland Security, including the Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate, which includes FEMA, and is tasked with domestic disaster preparedness training to help families make their homes safer from disasters of all kinds. This is similar in aims to the CitizenCorps developed by NORTHCOM. These initiatives are already having an impact on response capacity and equipment availability for certain communities in the USA. However, the rapid response required of a national disaster situation involves training local elected officials in every community to take control in a disaster situation.

The recent focus of US disaster funding has focused on terrorist events, but the benefits from this technological disaster preparedness orientation should crossover to natural disaster preparedness, the researchers suggest. In the US fledgling agencies are only now beginning to find their niche in the comprehensive overview of emergency management and the benefits they will be able to provide to communities have not been fully realized.

"It is the responsibility of the local governments to encourage the participation in disaster exercises and planning, and they must demonstrate a commitment to community disaster preparedness," the researchers say, "When these roles are met head on, then local communities within the USA will truly be better prepared when a local or national disaster, natural or technological occurs."


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Smith
smsmith@utk.edu
Inderscience Publishers
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Retired NYPD Lieutenants William E. Keegan, Jr., Owen McCaffery and John Moran and Tom Thees, a former COO in the financial industry, announce today the formation of H.E.A.R.T (Healing Emergency Aid Response Team) 911.
2. Temple Emergency Medicine receives $1.8M to find best MRSA treatment
3. Academy releases emergency preparedness tools to enable millions more people to shelter in place
4. Texas Aviation Services: Over 20 Years of Creating Flying Emergency Rooms for Airborne EMS Customers in US and Latin America
5. American Heart Association Enhances eLearning for Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC)
6. Giving emergency nurses aromatherapy massages with music dramatically reduced stress levels
7. Mecklenburg EMS Introduces Most-Advanced Situational Training in America for Emergency Medical Personnel
8. Giving emergency nurses aromatherapy massages with music dramatically reduced stress levels
9. Verathon Inc. Introduces GlideScope(R) Ranger Single Use Video Laryngoscope for Emergency Departments, EMS and Military; Enables Fast Intubations and Eliminates Time-Consuming Disinfection
10. Connecticut Bishops Back Down over Provision of Emergency Contraception
11. Vital Work of Emergency Nurses Honored Across the Nation During Emergency Nurses Week, October 7-13, 2007
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 20, 2017 , ... ... eye care providers and health plan partners, announced during the 2017 Annual ... success enhancing care coordination for diabetic patients and integrating eye care into ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... ... , ... ProBrand Glitch is a set of 30 glitch distortion logo reveals made exclusively for ... logo with a glitch reveal in just a few clicks of a mouse. Customizable glitch ... each preset. Use these presets to add a uniquely animated logo to any photos or ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... disruptive innovation in the industry, according to the recent NEJM Catalyst Insights Report ... surveys of the NEJM Catalyst Insights Council, a qualified group of U.S. executives, ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 18, 2017 , ... ... Pixel Film Studios ’ ProParagraph Fashion Volume 2 for all multi-line FCPX ... applications. Users can pick and choose from hand-crafted trend-setting designs with smooth ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... The Alliance Healthcare Foundation (AHF) ... further positively impact the health and wellness of our community in San Diego ... duty to seriously consider releasing our assets beyond our 5% targeted distribution each ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/20/2017)... February 20, 2017 According to a new market ... Dry powder), Device Type (Metered dose, Dry Powder, Nebulizer)), Canister (Plain, Coated), ... MarketsandMarkets, The market is projected to reach USD 52.37 Billion by 2021 ... the forecast period. Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... , February 20, 2017 Acute, Chronic and ... expected to grow at a CAGR of 7% from 2016-2021 and CAGR ... CAGR of 6% from 2016 to 2027. The market is estimated at ... ... Read on to discover how you can exploit the future business opportunities ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... Fla. , Feb. 18, 2017 Nektar ... positive Phase 1 clinical data for Nektar,s lead immuno-oncology ... were presented at ASCO GU 2017.  NKTR-214 is an ... cells and Natural Killer (NK) cell abundance directly in ... these immune cells.  The results were presented by ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: