Navigation Links
Emergency response
Date:11/11/2007

Disasters are getting worse it seems but the federal government's preparedness has been limited to helping after a disaster has occurred. On the other hand, local organizations often do not have the resources or the training to effectively react. Federal and state support must now be given to programs that enable local governments to work effectively with communities to prepare for and respond to all disasters. That is the conclusion of a new analysis released today in the Inderscience publication the International Journal of Emergency Management.

Colin Falato, Susan Smith, and Tyler Kress of the Health and Safety Programs at the University of Tennessee, have looked at the preparedness of local and federal governments in their response to natural and human-induced disasters and found them seriously lacking. They suggest that it should be the responsibility of local government officials as well as citizens to work together to adapt the disaster-response programs to suit communities' needs.

Historically, the belief that local knowledge and experience is best suited to dealing with common natural disasters, such as hurricanes, tornados and floods, has meant that responsibility for disaster preparedness and response has been devolved to local organizations and communities themselves. Federal government intervention has been limited to assistance after the disaster. The same is true for other natural, civil, technological, and ecological disasters, the researchers explain.

In the last 25 years, the researchers point out, the continental USA has issued almost 1000 disaster declarations (902) and been subjected to 442 natural disasters. Among these natural disasters are hurricanes, fires, windstorms, earthquakes, tornados and floods. But, disasters are not limited to natural events.

September 11, 2001 refocused the countrys attention on disaster preparedness and the realization that there was a lack of preparedness for such disasters. One effect of the 9/11 Commission was to mould two new organizations charged with the responsibility of protecting the USA from a new era of technological disasters. The US Northern Command (NORTHCOM) is the military arm responsible for homeland defense and the US Department of Homeland Security, which leads a unified national effort to secure the USA from potential terrorist attacks.

Four directorates were brought together from Homeland Security, including the Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate, which includes FEMA, and is tasked with domestic disaster preparedness training to help families make their homes safer from disasters of all kinds. This is similar in aims to the CitizenCorps developed by NORTHCOM. These initiatives are already having an impact on response capacity and equipment availability for certain communities in the USA. However, the rapid response required of a national disaster situation involves training local elected officials in every community to take control in a disaster situation.

The recent focus of US disaster funding has focused on terrorist events, but the benefits from this technological disaster preparedness orientation should crossover to natural disaster preparedness, the researchers suggest. In the US fledgling agencies are only now beginning to find their niche in the comprehensive overview of emergency management and the benefits they will be able to provide to communities have not been fully realized.

"It is the responsibility of the local governments to encourage the participation in disaster exercises and planning, and they must demonstrate a commitment to community disaster preparedness," the researchers say, "When these roles are met head on, then local communities within the USA will truly be better prepared when a local or national disaster, natural or technological occurs."


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Smith
smsmith@utk.edu
Inderscience Publishers
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Retired NYPD Lieutenants William E. Keegan, Jr., Owen McCaffery and John Moran and Tom Thees, a former COO in the financial industry, announce today the formation of H.E.A.R.T (Healing Emergency Aid Response Team) 911.
2. Temple Emergency Medicine receives $1.8M to find best MRSA treatment
3. Academy releases emergency preparedness tools to enable millions more people to shelter in place
4. Texas Aviation Services: Over 20 Years of Creating Flying Emergency Rooms for Airborne EMS Customers in US and Latin America
5. American Heart Association Enhances eLearning for Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC)
6. Giving emergency nurses aromatherapy massages with music dramatically reduced stress levels
7. Mecklenburg EMS Introduces Most-Advanced Situational Training in America for Emergency Medical Personnel
8. Giving emergency nurses aromatherapy massages with music dramatically reduced stress levels
9. Verathon Inc. Introduces GlideScope(R) Ranger Single Use Video Laryngoscope for Emergency Departments, EMS and Military; Enables Fast Intubations and Eliminates Time-Consuming Disinfection
10. Connecticut Bishops Back Down over Provision of Emergency Contraception
11. Vital Work of Emergency Nurses Honored Across the Nation During Emergency Nurses Week, October 7-13, 2007
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... May 27, 2017 , ... From May 21-23, hearing healthcare professionals gained a ... held at the Marriott Syracuse Downtown Hotel in Syracuse, New York. , As ... independent hearing healthcare providers to help them stay ahead in the industry. At the ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Mediaplanet is proud to announce the launch ... Today, which will educate readers on how to take care of all aspects of ... is placed on melanoma. Dancing with the Stars professional, Witney Carson, shares her journey ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... CEO 2017 on May 30th and 31st at The Four Seasons Hotel Boston. ... executives in the life sciences, offering exclusive access to key decision makers who ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Amir Qureshi, MD is the ... versatile, patient-centric spinal cord stimulation system. The Nuvectraâ„¢ Algovita SCS System has been FDA ... to be the first in Arkansas to introduce the most powerful SCS system and ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... A new analysis of community ... healthiest seniors are located in the Midwest. With the average cost of healthcare rising ... are concerned with both the quality and affordability of where they live. An annual ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/10/2017)... , May 10, 2017 CSSi, the ... for the clinical research industry, is proud to announce ... . The new website features both enriched content and ... experience and enhances the company,s already well-established position as ... "After many months of hard work, ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... , May 9, 2017  Demonstrating its commitment ... of directors for the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers ... membership. Biopharmaceutical companies will now have to meet ... to be eligible to join PhRMA. ... board is sending a clear message that being ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... PORTLAND, Ore. , May 9, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... company that provides technology solutions to improve the ... reported financial results for the first quarter ended ... that our products enable our customers to identify ... them to intervene before events like heart attacks ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: